>If you want to know whether a crocodile is a male or a female, you have to catch it. Don't bring your good shoes.
>With the animal restrained, telling its sex is straightforward, says Murray, who is a physiological ecologist at Tennessee Technological University in Cookeville. "You have to put a finger in its cloaca," the cavity at the base of the tail. "If there's a structure there, it's a boy. If there isn't a structure, it's a girl." Catching baby crocs is easier, but sexing them is trickier, so the researchers bring the animals back to the park's research station. Both sexes sport a tiny, red nub in the cloaca, but in males it tends to be longer, redder, and more complex, with an extra lobe.
>After probing and peering at the genitalia of nearly 500 crocodiles in Palo Verde, Murray and his colleagues found something odd: The sex ratio was way out of whack, with males outnumbering females four to one among hatchling crocs. What's more, the animals' tissues were tainted with a synthetic steroid, which the researchers suspect was causing them to switch sex.
>The hormone, 17α-methyltestosterone (MT), is sometimes prescribed for men with testosterone deficiencies and older women with breast cancer.Fish farms around the park raise tilapia on food laced with the hormone, which transforms females into faster-growing and more profitable males. Murray and his colleagues are now investigating whether MT from the farms has somehow contaminated the crocs.
>The numbers are even more startling because a warming climate should be pushing croc sex ratios in the other direction. Unlike humans, crocodiles and alligators don't have sex chromosomes. Instead, whether an embryo becomes a male or a female depends on the nest temperature during incubation. Based on nest temperatures, that female hatchlings should outnumber males by nearly two to one.
>Five years ago, U.S. President Barack Obama signed an executive order that allowed young, unauthorized immigrants who arrived in the country as children to work, go to school, and get a driver’s license without fear of deportation. More than 780,000 people under 31—so-called “dreamers”—signed up for the program, known as Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA). Now, a study shows for the first time that even the temporary protection DACA provides to dreamer parents can rapidly boost their children’s mental health, sharply reducing the rate of several mental disorders
>Even “a relatively small change in a parent’s migratory status can significantly improve a child’s well-being,” says Cécile Rousseau, a child psychiatrist at Montreal Children’s Hospital in Canada who was not involved with the work
>The researchers analyzed emergency Medicaid claims data from 5653 unauthorized immigrant mothers from Oregon, all born between 1980 and 1982. DACA’s arbitrary enrollment criteria, which only allow immigrants born after 15 June 1981 to apply, created control and treatment groups similar to those used to test the efficacy of drugs in clinical trials
>Combined, DACA eligible and ineligible mothers gave birth to 8610 children between 2003 and 2015. All are legal U.S. citizens. Jens Hainmueller, lead author of the study and a political scientist at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, and colleagues looked at the childrens' medical records, focusingon two distinct types of psychiatric diagnosis. The first category, anxiety disorders, has a strong genetic component and these disorders may arise with or without an external cause. The second category, adjustment disorders, are specifically driven by external stressors, such as poverty or the fear of losing a parent
>Before DACA, there was no discernable difference in mental illness diagnoses between the children of eligible and ineligible mothers. Once DACA protections came into effect, however,diagnoses in the children of protected mothers dropped by about half, from 7.9% to less than 4%, the team reports today inScience. The greatest drop was in adjustment disorders, which suggests that the improvement stemmed from a change in the children’s stress levels, not from a genetic or other internally driven factors, Hainmueller says.
>It is notoriously difficult to establish the effects of immigration policy, in part because undocumented immigrants often fear exposure and are reluctant to participate in research, Rousseau says. “This is a very important paper,” because the authors were able to glean sufficiently large amounts of data from the Oregon Medicaid system to achieve statistical significance, and could use the control group to rule out confounding factors such as immigrants’ income, education levels, and access to health care, she says.
>Given that Medicare data from other states are available, the approach could be used more broadly to measure the health impacts of immigration policy nationwide, says Tom Wong, a political scientist at the University of California, San Diego. He suspects the study underestimates the mental health benefits of legal protection for a child’s family members, because it focuses only on mothers, not fathers, siblings, or grandparents. “If we limit the study to children and their mothers, we’re not getting the full picture of what households are concerned about,” he says.
>The high economic and social costs of early mental illness compound as children get older; for example, adjustment disorders in childhood are associated with poor school performance and increased reliance on social welfare, Heinmeuller says. “Our country is wrapped up in a heated ideological debate about whether we should recall DACA or keep it,” he says. Many predict the Donald Trump administration will decide the policy’s fate in September. “Regardless of where you come down in these debates, you need to take a broader calculus into account, and look at the consequences DACA has for children and their future success or failure.”
>Kenya's Supreme Court has annulled the result of last month's presidential election, citing irregularities, and ordered a new one within 60 days.
>The election commission had declared incumbent Uhuru Kenyatta the winner by a margin of 1.4 million votes.
>Raila Odinga, Mr Kenyatta's opponent, said the commission was "rotten" and demanded resignations and prosecutions.
>President Kenyatta said he disagreed with the court ruling but that he would respect the decision.
>He called on Kenyans to do the same and remain calm.
>Other elections in Africa have been annulled or cancelled but this appears to be the first time on the continent that an opposition court challenge against a presidential poll result has been successful.
>Chief Justice David Maraga said the 8 August election had not been "conducted in accordance with the constitution" and declared it "invalid, null and void".
>He said the verdict was backed by four of the six Supreme Court judges.
>The announcement drew cheers from opposition supporters both inside and outside the courtroom.
>The court ruling did not attribute any blame to President Kenyatta's party or campaign.
What did the judges say was wrong?
>Justice Maraga said the election commission had failed "to conduct the presidential election in a manner consistent with the dictates of the constitution."
>He said the commission had committed irregularities "in the transmission of results", adding that the court would provide details in a full judgment within 21 days.
>Dissenting judges said that the Nasa opposition alliance - which had petitioned the Supreme Court - failed to prove claims that the polls had been rigged.
(Comment limit reached in next paragraph, story continues)
Wetin go happen now?
>Di court decision mean say di electoral commission must to do another presidential election in sixty days time.
>Dis na di first time wey court go cancel Presidential election for Africa. Di oda times wey dem cancel election na for Nigeria and Algeria, but na di military cancel am, no be judge.
>Mr. Odinga say na historic day for Kenya people and for Africans.
Im also say make dem investigate IEBC members, say im no trust dem at all.
>For di oda side, lawyer for President Kenyatta say di way supreme court take cancel di election dey 'political' but, dem go still follow di decision.
this reads as a badass story, but square cube law holds for small children. less mass = less energy accumulated travelling a given distance, and who knows how far the drop was (could've been like 10'). she's still a tough lil kid to get up after something like that and immediately look for help. I like the odd success story posted on /news/ to contrast all the vitriolic, bipartisan shit
>A high-profile and controversial Indian guru, Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh, who was convicted of rape on Friday, has been sentenced to 20 years in jail and fined 3 million Indian rupees (about $46,000).
>The so-called "godman" was ordered to serve 10 years rigorous imprisonment each for raping two of his female followers in 2002. The court has said the sentences will run consecutively, and not concurrently, which means he will have to spend a total of 20 years behind bars.
>Known as the "Guru of Bling" and "Rockstar Baba" for his flashy clothes and lifestyle, the millionaire reportedly broke down and asked forgiveness when the judge announced the sentence.
>The victims have decided to ask a higher court to demand a tougher punishment. The guru's lawyers, who asked for a lighter sentence in view of his "humanitarian" work, will also challenge the verdict.
>Rape convicts in India face a minimum of seven years jail and a maximum of life term. In rare cases, like the December 2012 gang rape of a medical student that sparked outrage worldwide, death sentences are also handed out.
LOL you americans know nothing. He was betrayed by his followers. He didn't rape anyone. He was made to have sex and then the girls started making up rape stories. He was 7/10 good guy.
One woman for India don get permission from court to divorce her husband because im no gree build toilet for dem house..
The woman wey dey for her 20's don dey married to her husband for five years, but na for inside bush she dey poopoo.
Indian law dey only allow divorce for limited circumstances like beating or wicked behaviour.
The lawyer for di woman tell AFP news agency say the judge say to dey make di woman poopoo for outside na one form of torture.
Times of India talk say di court say: "We dey spend money dey buy tobacco, liquor and mobile phones, but no ready to construct toilet to protect the dignity of our family.
"This no be only physical wickedness but also na shock to the modesty of woman."
Indian media say the woman been don file for divorce since 2015.
To piss and poopoo for open field dey common for villages for India. The government don set target to give every house toilet by 2019, but dat work never really get head.
-The Trump administration is announcing sharp cuts in programs promoting health care enrollment under the Affordable Care Act for next year
-Health and Human Services officials say advertising will be cut to $10 million for the 2018 open enrollment season
>The Trump administration is announcing sharp cuts in programs promoting health care enrollment under the Affordable Care Act for next year.
>In a call with reporters, Health and Human Services officials say advertising will be cut to $10 million for the 2018 open enrollment season. That's down from $100 million for the 2017 sign-up season.
>Funding for consumer helpers called "navigators" will also be cut, from $62.5 million for 2017, to about $36 million for next year.
>Andy Slavitt, former Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services administrator under the Obama administration, said that the Trump administration's decision to cut funding for navigators will hit hardest in poor, rural communities where insurers may not fill in the gap on outreach.
>"These aren't budget decisions … these are all funds that come out of user fees paid by the insurance companies. This wouldn't cost the federal government a nickel," said Slavitt. "They're basically not going to not us the user fees ... it's hard to interpret this as anything other than being done out of spite."
>Administration officials say the government hasn't gotten much bang for its buck as far as ACA advertising and the navigator program, with some enrollment centers signing up very few customers.
>Democrats are likely to accuse the administration of trying to undermine the program, which President Donald Trump says is going to "implode."
>A number of states that operate their own insurance exchanges have extended the open enrollment period beyond the November 1 to December 15 period on the federal marketplace, healthcare.gov. California, Minnesota, Colorado and others have set January enrollment deadlines.
>CMS' decision to cut exchange advertising for next year comes just ahead of a September 5 deadline for insurers to submit final rate revisions for 2018. It underscores health insurers' continuing concerns about the Trump administration's commitment to promoting enrollment.
>"Effective education ensures that consumers understand their coverage options and encourages broader participation of healthy individuals," said Kristine Grow, spokeswoman for the Association of Health Insurance Plans, the industry's lobbying group. "Marketing, outreach, and education are critical to ensure that all consumers are aware of the upcoming open enrollment period, understand new timelines, and enroll by the deadline."
>Slavitt notes that, In addition to cutting funding for enrollment efforts, the Trump administration cut the enrollment period in half this year to just six weeks, compared to three months over the last few years.
>"I think it's their hope that at the end of the enrollment period that they can announce significantly lower enrollment. At least, that appears to be their hope. It that's their objective, I'm sure they can achieve it," Slavitt Said.
>Consumer advocacy group Protect Our Care denounced the Trump administration's move.
>"It's one thing to tweet about your opposition to a law, it's another to undermine it, sabotage it and refuse to do your duty," the group said in a statement Thursday.
>--The Associated Press contributed to this report.
"these are all funds that come out of user fees paid by the insurance companies. This wouldn't cost the federal government a nickel"
the more folks who buy insurance, the more effective cost sharing is.
>increasing amount of bailouts the program will need
if you consider a transaction to be a bailout, then sure. The government is essentially saying, if you paid into the system while you had the ability to purchase insurance, then you'll be protected if you get sick and lose the ability to pay, because we'll pay the insurance company to keep you on board.
That's how insurance and cost-sharing works. Everyone has an obligation to pay at least when they can so that everyone knows a safety net exists for them.
As far as abysmal failure goes, healthcare costs grew much faster before the ACA was enacted even given the attempts by republican state legislatures and congresspeople to sabotage the law's implementation. If anything, we need much stronger cost controls but the democrats just did what they could manage given that Republicans promised never to work with Obama on any legislation.
>A Georgia police officer was fired for telling a woman during a traffic stop that police “only kill black people.”
>Dash cam footage shows Cobb County police Lt. Greg Abbott standing outside of a vehicle during a DUI stop last year.
>The officer asked the nervous woman to grab her cellphone, but she said she was afraid to move her hands because she “just seen way too many videos of cops.”
>That’s when the 28-year police veteran interrupted her.
>“But you’re not black,” Abbott can be heard saying in the video. “Remember, we only kill black people. Yeah, we only kill black people, right? All of the videos you’ve seen, have you seen the black people get killed? You have.”
>The incident happened in July 2016 but came to light Wednesday after a TV station in Atlanta requested the footage.
>Announcing his decision to fire Abbott on Thursday, Police Chief Mike Register remarked that “there’s really no place for these types of comments in law enforcement.”
>Speaking at a news conference, Register added, “I feel that no matter what context you try to take those comments in, the statements were inexcusable and inappropriate. They’re not indicative of the values that I’m trying to instill within the Cobb County police department and that I believe the county holds.”
>Register said he’s known Abbott for many years and has known him to be an honorable man. The report from the internal review indicates that Abbott was trying to be sarcastic and to address the situation as he perceived it, Register said.
>“He made a mistake,” Register said. “I don’t know what’s in his heart but I certainly know what came out of his mouth. It’s inexcusable.”
>Abbott’s attorney, Lance LoRusso, says the officer’s comments must be viewed as a whole.
>“He was attempting to de-escalate a situation involving an uncooperative passenger,” LoRusso told The Washington Post. “In context, his comments were clearly aimed at attempting to gain compliance by using the passenger’s own statements and reasoning to avoid making an arrest.”
>An attorney who represented the driver in the DUI case called the video shocking.
>“I heard that, and I cringed,” said Suri Chadha Jimenez. “The reality is, to us minorities, there is a real fear when you’re pulled over. He thought it was a joke, but it’s not a joke to many people.”
>Several social media users took to Twitter to share similar thoughts.
Woman express concern that following instructions might get her shot if the officer is not aware she will be reaching in her purse..
Officer diffuses tension with racist joke.
American right sees it as normal.
>Robert Mueller, the FBI's special counsel in charge of the investigation of the Trump campaign's ties to Russia, is now teaming up with a specialized financial crimes unit within the IRS, The Daily Beast reported Thursday, citing people familiar with the development.
>The IRS' Criminal Investigations unit is joining Mueller as the Russia probe focuses more closely on potential financial crimes possibly involving people within the Trump campaign. It was not immediately clear how many of the unit's 2,500 agents would take part in Mueller's investigation.
>Martin Sheil, a retired former agent of the unit, told The Daily Beast's Betsy Woodruff that the unit's involvement is a sign Mueller is invested in beefing up a specific rank within his investigative team. Sheil told the publication that while the FBI has broad jurisdiction in counterintelligence and counterterror, "they simply don’t have the financial investigative expertise that the CI agents have."
>"When CI brings a case to a U.S. Attorney, it is done. It’s wrapped up with a ribbon and a bow. It’s just comprehensive," Sheil told Woodruff.
>The unit's agents have expertise in matters like tax evasion and money laundering and the partnership follows a developing trend within the broader Trump-Russia inquiry, which has also seen a closer focus on key players like former campaign chairman Paul Manafort, who resigned from the campaign in August 2016 amid scrutiny over millions of dollars in undisclosed payments for work he performed on behalf of a pro-Russian Ukrainian political party.
>FBI agents raided one of Manafort's homes in Alexandria, Virginia, last month.
>Mueller also recently partnered with the New York state Attorney General Eric Schneiderman with a focus on Manafort's financial transactions.
>The question of President Donald Trump's personal federal tax returns also comes back into focus with the IRS' reported cooperation with Mueller's team. Trump first delayed publishing his returns during the 2016 election, and later refused to reveal them at all, breaking a decades-long tradition in presidential politics and drawing closer scrutiny of his personal financial profile.
I read another article that kept referring to Lord of the Flies being about "toxic masculinity" and how the events of the book wouldn't happen if it was all girls.
Reminds me of that Dutch show where they had a all men's and all women's survivor-like competition and the men's island did outstanding and the woman's side did nothing. They had to transplant men to the island so that they could survive.