Intended for users of all levels, including absolute beginners.
There are three ways to try Linux, you can:
1) Install a Linux OS on a VM (Virtual Machine/VirtualBox) for "safety purposes"
2) Use the Live ISO directly without installing anything, that way, you can get a "full Linux experience".
3) Go balls deep and overwrite everything with Linux (not recommended)
If you are serious about switching to Linux and if you have Windows dual-booted (recommended for pure newbies), we recommend you use it exclusively for 2 weeks, and avoid Windows dual booting for that period of time, or it's likely you will start retreating back to windows instead of getting used to Linux as your new home and working onmaking it feel the way you want it.
>Recommended for beginners:
-*buntus except vanilla Ubuntu (Unity)
-Debian (For Broadcom devices, use an ISO that includes non-free firmware)
-LinuxMint (a.k.a Ubuntu LTS + Cinnamon)
Before asking, please find the answers to your questions in resources.
Please be civil, notice the "Friendly" in every Friendly Linux Thread.
Understand that much of your software from Windows will be unavailable, although maybe wine can make up for it.
man <insert command here>
your friendly neighborhood search engine
How do I download this shit?
Well, I'm actually using 64 bit version...
>Windows/OSX Is the ONLY operating system you should use on your computer!
(An operating system) != (a kernel). Linux is an operating system. By my definition, an operating system is that software which provides and limits access to hardware resources on a computer. That definition applies whereever you see Linux in use. However, Linux is usually distributed with a collection of utilities and applications to make it easily configurable as a desktop system, a server, a development box, or a graphics workstation, or whatever the user needs. In such a configuration, we have a Linux (based) distribution. Therein lies your strongest argument for the unwieldy title 'GNU/Linux' (when said bundled software is largely from the FSF). Go bug the distribution makers on that one. Take your beef to Red Hat, Mandrake, and Slackware. At least there you have an argument. Linux alone is an operating system that can be used in various applications without any GNU software whatsoever. Embedded applications come to mind as an obvious example.
better security, think of it like if windows uac was actually done correctly. anything that does more than cosmetically alter the system, requires a password, which is great on multi user computers as you don't have to worry about tech retards mucking about. there is an adjustment period but once you get used to it, it's quite comfy
not as in privacy nor cost
freedom to design the OS front ends from the ground up based around your needs
freedom to theme with official supported toolkits like GTK and QT without bothering with trying to fidle around with vista style builder
freedom to change your shell at will without having to mess around with overidding explorer and sitting on a half baked cywgin
freedom to do whatever the fuck you like with the OS since shit is written to actually work if you try hard enough
Almost every linux distro works either neutrally or for you, not against you like OSX/Windows.
I have been using Ubuntu my whole life, but now I am decided wanna change.
For now, I want something simple to install, is manjaro a good choice? I know it is a fork of Arch Linux (which I going to try in the near future)
I use linux mainly to write code.
Shilling for memesoft is more profitable than taking poo to the loo
Redditor and mod of /r/Atheism here! I'm a proud Linux user.
Well, I fell for meme and installed Arch. What I can say I spent already 2 full days trying to configure it to work. I'm linux newbie (2 weeks before on manjaro) so shit is going really slowly. I managed to configure i3, sound, skype, tox, vim etc. I was ready that this will take some time. But all last hour I was trying to configure keyboard layout so I can switch between several languages. And holy shit this is such a simple straightforward task but it so ha-a-ard to make it work, I jsut wasn't prepared for this. But again configuring other staff was fun this is first time I stuck.
well it looks and feels like nothig I used before (in a good 10/10 way), nothing stopped me from using it ot manjaro, but again I fell for meme
The only better solution than debian would be centos (free version of RHEL).
But compared to debian it has tiny repositories. (like 9k packages vs 60k)
So go debian stable for sure.
Besides, jessie doesn't really lack a lot, it's more or less recent debian version.
Wheezy for example had no MTP support which means you couldn't plug an android device with USB, and that was a bummer.
Jessie should be fine.
TERMINAL FUN TIME \o/while sleep 1; do clear; uptime; echo; free; done
Your own shitty auto-refreshing dashboard terminal like in pic. Ctrl-C to stop/exit
brehwatch -n 1 -d "uptime && free -h"
It actually sucks donkey balls.
It's only useful when you're really low on resources, like 128MB of ram low on resources, at which point you should consider not using a graphical environment at all.
Is there an Everything alternative for GNU/Linux that's not AngrySearch? I don't like how barebone it is like how you can't choose what to open files with by default and the search indexing isn't as good as Everything.
What's a good file manager that works properly with huge folders? Nautilus can't even manage to count the number of files in them properly, opening an image after using search takes like 2 minutes.
Hello, I'm the noob from >>51577422
I installed Debian amd64 Testing but now wifi won't work. It detects signals correctly, but when I type my password it doesn't login.
I tried installing https://packages.debian.org/stretch/firmware-misc-nonfree and it does (apparently) but pic related happens. Wifi still broken.
Is it that stretch doesn't have firmware for my particular card? am I doing something wrong?
Cracked open a beer and booted the Arch Linux installer. I just checked the wiki and it says you can't make a /usr mount point. I could do that on Mint just fine. Why?
Also is swap really not required?
This is posted here everyday and everyone knows linus never posted it. Could you post this a bit less? Every three days is more than enough. You are just wasting bandwidth at this point.
not really, I find its easier to customize than urxvt
for example, I had to install urxvt-perls and include it in .Xresources for copy/paste functionality when in st, it worked right out the box, st is really great, it supports what we care about (images on terminals) anyways
Hey guys, linux newcomer here.
I just installed Debian Testing and all I get when I try to boot it up is a blinking underscore until I shut it down. It was an attempt at dual booting with Windows 10.
Windows 10 is installed in an SSD. I updated my firmware from BIOS to UEFI a few months ago, but apparently Win10 was installed using MBR instead of GPT(?), guess that's UEFI in CSM mode.
Anyway, I attempted to install Debian using UEFI mode (because that's what I thought Win10 was using), until in the middle of the install it warned me it seemed as though there was another OS installed that wasn't using UEFI, and asked whether I wanted to use UEFI anyway. I chose no. In the end of the installation, it said it detected "Windows Vista" in the MBR of the first drive (the SSD) and if I wanted to install Debian's boot on the same place, which was supposed to be safe if it had successfully detected the other OSses in the PC.
Well, since it obviously has misidentified Win10 for Vista, I thought it was a bad idea and had it install its grub or whatever in the same drive as Debian itself was installed, which is a regular HD. Then I rebooted, and tried getting into Windows, just to check if I'd broken my install. It gave me an error, but then I rebooted it again and this time it sucessfully logged into windows.
After that, I rebooted for the second time, and tried to get into Debian. The rest of the story, you already know. What went wrong?
Installed Arch with Arhitect and now it just gives a black screen when I try to boot it. I can get into tty2 and login, but it won't find my home directory. /home is there, but my home directory isn't there. I mounted /home on another partition. Any tips?
Can one of you recommend me a distribution ?
I've been using arch for some months and wanted to try something else.
No ubuntu please, no distributions based on it, no fedora or centOS.
I thought debian testing should be fine for me, but is there a distribution I should give a try ?
I seem to have fucked up GRUB somehow, it cannot find the normal.mod file. Do I mount /boot to a small partition and install GRUB there? I've had GRUB earlier but forgot how it was installed/configured.
I'm backing up my VPS, just hosts a few small web things and teamspeak. I backupped /home, /etc, htdocs, Postgres database and cronjobs I made. Anything I might have forgotten? There's always something...
Linux user of ~3yrs here, I'm content with Debian for my desktop and Slackware on my server.
Is there any reason at all why I should try OpenSUSE?
any idea what are the names of these programs in kde panel (the green and blue icons)
My desktop PC currently has 2 hard disks installed:
>Disk 1: Fedora 21
>Disk 2: Windows 7
I want to upgrade/replace both OS's to be this:
>Disk 1: Arch linux
>Disk 2: Windows 10
I've already made backups of both systems so I have no problem with completely wiping out both disks. I do have some questions though:
>How will I get a bootloader to be able to boot into either OS?
I currently have a grub that works nicely, but it just kinda magically appeared and I don't know how to set something up if I need to
>Should one OS be installed before the other?
>BIOS or UEFI? Also, what's the difference or advantages of one or the other?
I'm currently using UEFI. I'm having trouble with Nvidia drivers for linux, and I've heard that that might be related to UEFI, is that true?
>install linux on new laptop
>mousepad doesn't work
>gpu not working
>no sound whatsoever
>wireless not working and doesn't recognize it even with the right driver update
>have to sit on the ground next to the modem with an ethernet cord just to do updates or try to fix anything
>screen resolution stuck on 800x600 with no option to increase it
Ain't nobody got time to fix all this bullshit
i use awesome when i net inst. All but one of my laptops have bios problems. Its probably best that I dont run full featured DEs. Though if I had to choose, gotta be mate or xfce.
Linux. It's an operating system, which means it is the underlying structure that runs all of your software for the computer, or "apps" as you probably call them.
Windows is an example of an operating system, you've probably heard of that one lol!
Linux is another type of operating system which is one that people who are good with computers tend to use and it's free too.
Well anyway I tried to install linux and had nothing but problems. Darn it!
I'd just like to interject for moment. What you're refering to as Linux, is in fact, GNU/Linux, or as I've recently taken to calling it, GNU plus Linux. Linux is not an operating system unto itself, but rather another free component of a fully functioning GNU system made useful by the GNU corelibs, shell utilities and vital system components comprising a full OS as defined by POSIX.
Many computer users run a modified version of the GNU system every day, without realizing it. Through a peculiar turn of events, the version of GNU which is widely used today is often called Linux, and many of its users are not aware that it is basically the GNU system, developed by the GNU Project.
There really is a Linux, and these people are using it, but it is just a part of the system they use. Linux is the kernel: the program in the system that allocates the machine's resources to the other programs that you run. The kernel is an essential part of an operating system, but useless by itself; it can only function in the context of a complete operating system. Linux is normally used in combination with the GNU operating system: the whole system is basically GNU with Linux added, or GNU/Linux. All the so-called Linux distributions are really distributions of GNU/Linux!
Does anyone know if you can get a decent leave dialog in plasma 5?
The one in kde 4 had hotkeys for what you wanted and now I have to click multiple times if I want something that isn't the default choice.
Linux noob here (literally started today)
I have ftp running on root and each user has its own login. I wanted to restrict user permissions so that they couldn't go through other users' shit, so I set the permission for home to 700, however root didn't have access now and thus they couldn't ftp in. My question is, can a user (root) be part of more than one group, so each user can have a group with their name and root would be in all of them, then change the permissions to 770?
Getting hangs, not too serious.
OS: Arch x86 64-bit
CPU: i5 6500
Journalctl: [drm:i915_hangcheck_elapsed [i915]] *ERROR* Hangcheck timer elapsed... blitter ring idle
Any idea on the cause, there seem to be logs of this error but they are quite old, between 2012-14 suggesting upstream bugs.
Thanks man, I think I will, would you reccomend the linux-mainline AUR package or is an alternate route a better alternative?
Kinda regretting jumping on Skylakke (falline for skymeme).
If you just used a Stretch CD, there was actually a recent issue with that. If you wanna run Testing, just install Jessie, edit your sources.list, and dist-upgrade. I ran into this recently as well.
skylake here for some time
this will fix your problem
linux-git worked for me when it was 4.3 but since upgrade on 4.4 rc1 it does not get headers...
so I jsut enabled testing repo in pacman.conf
put it at the end and then did thissudo pacman -S testing/linux
having kernel 4.3 fixes video playback issues I had on 4.2
Why is Ubuntu Unity 8 so sexy?
It seems the internet browsing in particular is far behind windows. Basic stuff is fine, but when you open up complex applications within websites the entire system just seems to lag, regardless of what browser you are on. Even simple stuff like youtube can sometimes slow down a decent rig on linux from what I've seen. Stuff like google docs isn't great either.
>It seems the internet browsing in particular is far behind windows.
Thats... weird. Firefox almost universally runs better on Linux than Windows, and I can't see how the OS would directly affect webbrowsing.
>but when you open up complex applications within websites the entire system just seems to lag,
What do you mean?
>Even simple stuff like youtube can sometimes slow down a decent rig on linux from what I've seen.
Are you trying to use Flash? Because Adobe's Flash for Linux build is outdated and terrible.
>when you open up complex applications within websites
The fuck are you doing?
>Even simple stuff like youtube can sometimes slow down a decent rig on linux from what I've seen
>Stuff like google docs isn't great either.
Same as above, since it's totally unrelated to your OS outside of retarded errors like using outdated browser versions or similar things.
Jesus Christ you're worse than the shitty apps guy.
It's the same author as this monstrosity?
>games are for kids!
I love free software and anime.
I don't get it
He made made one for swap, one for EFI and the other for /
Don't know if this belongs here but I'll try.
Just installed CyanogenMod on a Samsung Tablet Galaxy Note 10.1.
Everything works fine it's just that when I use the file browser I can't see or access the external SD card plugged in.
When I open the terminal and navigate to storage/sdcard1 it is there and has all the files on it.
the filebrowser only shows me the contents of sdcard0 though. I tried to make a link but doing something like
ln -s /storage/sdcard1 /storage/sdcard0/external_card
gives me : link Failed function not implemented
Hey flt, LVM question, is it safe to do a pvmove on a pv while an lv partition on the pv is in use?
This filepicker is comfy as fuck.
How would I install a different file browser.
I did not install the google app store thing package if that's needed. I just want to watch films on the tablet when I'm traveling. Nothing else. Thought I didn't need it because some form of video player would be preinstalled.
The preinstalled filebrowser gives me as 'root' directory '0' which is essentially the /storage/sdcard0. It won't let me navigate anywhere else aside from the contents of this folder.
Fixed a few things. Suggestions welcome. Please be civil
Hey /flt/. Installed Arch yesterday but now GRUB won't detect Windows. I had previously Linux Mint installed on dual boot and it worked just fine. I installed arch in UEFI mode, but I think something went wrong. This is how the partitions on my SSD look like (both systems are installed on it):[[email protected] ~]# parted /dev/sda print
Model: ATA Samsung SSD 840 (scsi)
Disk /dev/sda: 120GB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: msdos
Number Start End Size Type File system Flags
1 1049kB 106MB 105MB primary ntfs
2 106MB 95,0GB 94,9GB primary ntfs
3 95,0GB 95,5GB 512MB primary fat32
4 95,5GB 120GB 24,5GB extended
5 95,5GB 120GB 24,5GB logical ext4
I'm not a new Linux user, but I cannot for the life of me figure out how UEFI booting works. Any help would be appreciated.
>but it worked flawlessly in GNU Icecat browser.
That's because recent firefox versions are compiled with GTK3, so they use gtk3 filepicker.
If you want recent firefox versions you can use the version from
It's compiled for gtk2.
I'm using seamonkey, which uses gtk2 as well.
yeah, i think so
These two, download, compile, install and it should work.
Yes that's kind of annoying, there's so much stuff you need root for post-install, wondering what blond autistic faggot made that decision
My password is pretty secure and no one really cares about hacking a fat shit like me anyway
the author of the linux verions here
I was inspired by this picture some time ago...
was wondering why linux dont have one and so then I decided to make it myself
so I am the copy-cat of the one you are posting, or at least its older version
spideroak is recommended first in my guide, before dropbox and theres also owncloud recommendations
and you can encrypt your data before sending them up if you feel paranoid and have sensitive stuff there
the true is there is not trusted and widely use reliable comfortable alternative unless you roll your own with owncloud or seafile servers and even that will probably be lacking in some areas.. dunno hows their mobile device support
so no, dropbox stays, its popular, decent, reliable and it works on linux
Guy installing Fedora XFCE here
So I just noticed the free space on my 64GB SSD.
This is after letting the Fedora installer handle the partitioning
Is this a fucking joke? Fuck this shit, back to Xubuntu. Call Shitheadworth a faggot, at least the astronaut faggot can let me use all of my hard drive.
No wonder people steer far clear of Fedora these days. Yes I could have partitioned the fucking SSD myself, but why the fuck should I? I don't have time to waste because some dev couldn't bothered. I would rather as much work out of the box as possible. I'm willing to take a few steps to run the proprietary driver installer in Xubuntu but that's the limit. Fuck Fedora.
Bullshit, you didn't even recommned OwnCloud at your first version of your shitty puke-inducing recommended software.
That's what you get for being dumb as a brick.
With such small SSD you're literally retarded to not do manual partitioning.
In fedora you click "Manual partitioning" and then "let the installer handle it for me" or something like that.
Proposed partition scheme is created, you just adjust the partition sizes.
I've been using Xubuntu on a little netbook basically as a Firefox machine. I'm ready to learn more and get a dualboot up on my desktop too.
Is plain Ubuntu a great noob friendly distro to learn on or is it too bloatware, restrictive, and "it just werks"?
I'm gonna play with a live USB but I don't really know what the alternatives are. I heard even worse things about Mint.
Yes, but clearly I missed something. I really can't wrap my head around this whole UEFI mess.
Do I just create a 512MB fat32 partition and give it the boot flag and the UEFI firmware will create an EFI partition on it?
>Arch is known for it's requirement of reinstalling OS every 24 hours.
Install from ubuntu minimal image.
If dual-booting with an existing installation of Windows on a UEFI/GPT system, avoid reformatting the UEFI partition, as this includes the Windows .efi file required to boot it. Furthermore, Arch must follow the same firmware boot mode and partitioning combination as Windows. See Dual boot with Windows#Important information.
Am I to understand that I can't install this shit because my current version of X is not supported yet?
I'm sorry I know this isn't a qtddtot thread but I am relatively new to Linux and something is driving me insane. I have tried for hours to change the window manager colors and I can't for some reason. Went into the themes folder and changed all the colors but for some reason I can't change the dark grey color that you can see in pic related. Forgot to include in the pic this info:
OS: Ubuntu 14.04 trusty
forgot to include the screenshot
>writing English on a technology board
>not posting anime on a japanese image board
fuck off to reddit
01010011 01101111 00101100 00100000 01110111 01100101 00100000 01110011 01101000 01101111 01110101 01101100 01100100 00100000 01110100 01100001 01101100 01101011 00100000 01101001 01101110 00100000 01100010 01101001 01101110 01100001 01110010 01111001 00111111
I have issue with my x220 using Arch Linux.
Its battery life decreased from almost 5 hours to less than 20 minutes overnight (while doing nothing at minimal brightness), same for the time to full. The battery percentage can go beyond 79%. UPower says that the battery capacity haven't changed (averagely 70%) but its looks like it have been divided by 10.
TL;DR : pic related.
Hate to say it, but dual boot with windows. The official lenovo power manager is far better than any tool available in linux and will give you a good idea of whether the draining issue is software based or not.
Why does Wine keep crashing my sound? Most software I run through it (e.g. Steam for Windows games) disables sound on my complete system after a few seconds. Probably an issue with pulseaudio. Using Arch & Gnome 3.18. Works again after rebooting, though.
So I've got an X201 tablet with a wacom digitizer
I've tried Ubuntu and Mint but neither are touch friendly (the pen works, but no context sensitive touch keyboard or scrolling)
is there any touch friendly distro out there or software I can install to take advantage of the wacom?
Using Oracle VM, openSUSE
Let's say I have a Debian minimal install. Ran installer, setup partitions, got networking running, etc... Selected no packages to install.
I want to upgrade to testing. I've updated my sources.list, now do I:
Run apt-get upgrade?
Run apt-get dist-upgrade?
Run aptitude safe-upgrade?
Run aptitude full-upgrade?
What is the difference for each?
I read the man page for aptitude, apt and apt.conf.
I guess I want to know which I'm better off using and why beyond the simple flag and arg descriptions in the man pages.
Is it OK to go back and forth between apt-get and aptitude?