Previously on: >>52554302
Intended for users of all levels, including absolute beginners.
There are four ways to try Linux, you can:
1) Install a Linux OS on a VM (Virtual Machine/VirtualBox) for "safety purposes"
2) Use the Live ISO directly without installing anything, that way, you can get a "full Linux experience".
3) Dual-boot Linux with Windows/Mac (recommended if you want to learn more about Linux)
4) Go balls deep and overwrite everything with Linux (not recommended)
Before asking, please find the answers to your questions in resources.
Please be civil, notice the "Friendly" in every Friendly Linux Thread.
Understand that much of your software from Windows will be unavailable, although maybe wine can make up for it.
man <insert command here>
your friendly neighborhood search engine
What do I do when a game locks up in Linux? I mean like when it does that thing where it plays the sound over and over again and your alt-tabs aren't working right. In Windows I could get control back after 30 seconds max by pressing ctrl + alt + del, but what do I do here?
trying to get steam to work on arch, I've tried the aur packagesteam-nativebut a certain package has broken keys or something
I get the following when I run steam from a terminallibGL error: unable to load driver: nouveau_dri.so
libGL error: driver pointer missing
libGL error: failed to load driver: nouveau
libGL error: unable to load driver: swrast_dri.so
libGL error: failed to load driver: swrast
>Using vendor BIOS
>Not using Hidamarisketch BIOS
What's your favorite...
1) GNU/Linux distro?
2) Video / Music player?
3) Window manager & Desktop environment?
4) Software package manager?
5) Terminal emulator?
6) Are you generally fond of the... "bleeding edges"?
well fug, now I get this. I'm looking for a solution, but I haven't found one yetSteam: An X Error occurred
X Error of failed request: BadWindow (invalid Window parameter)
Major opcode of failed request: 155
Resource id in failed request: 0x1a00005
Serial number of failed request: 153
xerror_handler: X failed, continuing
surface_opengl.cpp (594) : Assertion Failed: id
Assert( Assertion Failed: id ):surface_opengl.cpp:594
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1451690000)
assert_20160122173823_14.dmp: Uploading dump (out-of-process)
Steam: An X Error occurred
X Error of failed request: BadWindow (invalid Window parameter)
Major opcode of failed request: 155
Resource id in failed request: 0x1a00005
Serial number of failed request: 158
xerror_handler: X failed, continuing
Remove those drivers, remove steam. Install the drivers THEN install steam.
You may also have to delete some runtime libraries https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Steam#Steam_runtime_issues
why is virtualbox making me reinstall the guest additions iso and set up the shared folder every time i reboot the vm? I just want a permanent shared folder between my host OS and vm
I have a very simple script I want to run at startup. I created an empty file named "reshift" and put this in it:#!/bin/sh
redshift -l 40.7127:74.0059
Then as root I moved it to /etc/init.d/, made it executable and ran:update-rc.d redshift defaults
It still doesn't run on startup though, and I have no idea why. Just to be sure, I copied the script file back to the desktop and ran it from there by double-clicking, and it worked immediately. So there's nothing wrong with the script itself as far as I can tell.
What do? noob here, no bully pls
No, they're the opposite of bloat, they're either bugfixes or new versions of packages, sometimes an important package like kernel or Firefox. Just update once a week, reboot when it tells you an update needs a reboot. Done.
how do I get yaourt to skip pgp verifying? I haven't had any issues so far with packages, and I've tried refreshing the keying==> Validating source files with sha256sums...
gnutls-3.3.19.tar.xz ... Passed
gnutls-3.3.19.tar.xz.sig ... Skipped
==> Verifying source file signatures with gpg...
gnutls-3.3.19.tar.xz ... FAILED (unknown public key 9D5EAAF69013B842)
==> ERROR: One or more PGP signatures could not be verified!
==> ERROR: Makepkg was unable to build lib32-gnutls28.
==> Restart building lib32-gnutls28 ? [y/N]
I was in the same boat not long ago.
Learn how to install packages.
Learn how to use the very basic command line commands (pwd, cd, find, . , ..)
Learn how to google anything that makes no sense.
For everything that you miss from windows, you can get that feature in one way or another googling it.
My guess is that since Xorg starts up after that, it doesn't work (because redshift needs X to work).
You'd be better off launching redshift with Xorg by putting it in your .xinitrc or the startup file for whatever setup you're using.
>If you can't into command-line, you won't into Arch.
Directly from the wiki.
I've completed the course on codecademy but didn't really learn anything. I don't know what I could do since I tend to just find a step by step guide on forums on how to install programs(ie: copy & paste). How would a newbie typically 'practice' the command line without making it out to be a chore?
>How would a newbie typically 'practice' the command line without making it out to be a chore?
install a friendlier distro like ubuntu/mint and force yourself to use it instead of installing a gui for everything
dunno bout the pros, but if you have it set up so you just gotta hit a single key to open the terminal, then you're more likely to use it, and things get done quicker once you know you way around a bit
Tbh I just went balls deep into Arch after very limited exposure to linux at all. Found it quite easy to be honest. The actual install was very easy since you literally follow the beginner's guide instructions. I did fuck around a bit after figuring out why DE/WMs weren't working - lol you need to install xorg!
But very happy with the result, Arch is very clean and I've had no issues since setting it up.
Learning the command line is like learning a language. Not a programming language, but a regular language.
If you want to become more skilled with it, you need to surround yourself with it, become versed in the general flow of things, and build a vocabulary.
For the command line, I suggest:
1) Use the command line for more things. For example, don't use a file manager if you don't absolutely need to. Use CLI-based applications. Learn to use a terminal text editor and keep a diary. Anything that keeps you interacting with the command line.
2) Read the man page of every application you install. Understand the various launch options. Take note of anything interesting in those man pages.
3) Read the various command line resources and get a sense of what the main ones do.
Beyond that, there's not much you can do. In a word, if you don't use the the command line, then there's no reason to learn it.
I want to try Arch, but i have no internet connection at home.
i found this https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/offline_installation_of_packages
and it says that its outdated because the ftp server has been shut down. and the new mirror is https://sources.archlinux.org/
i can still follow the instruction on the link but i just need to change the url to the new mirror?
>Be aware you have enabled at least one of the servers defined in the /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist file. Otherwise all what you get is a misleading error message:
error: no database for package: package-name
doesnt that mean i still need internet connection at home to get the list files?
here's a mirror of the core repo (in australia, see /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist for a list of all of them)
notice the "core.db" file, this is the package list, this lets pacman know what is available and what versions they are, place a copy of it in "/var/lib/pacman/sync", this is what -Sy does
then just download the packages you need and place them in "/var/cache/pacman/pkg", this is where pacman caches packages you have downloaded, it will try to find things there first
you can determine what dependencies you need using pacman and the .db file, or you can simply download an entire mirror
What would be causing an application to crash in wine if I try to run it from the command line, but runs properly if I manually start it in wine explorer? Judging by the error message it seems to be unable to find files located in the same directory as the .exe, but I don't really know enough about wine to understand what's up
the program expects the working directory to be where the exe is
that is, the "current" or "active" directory
like if you run "cd /tmp", the working directory is "/tmp", it's "where you are"
you just need to change directory or set the working directory variable, like;cd /folder/exe/is/in
orPWD=/path wine exe
also note that this applies to windows as well, if you open up cmd and ran the program from the wrong folder, it'd do the same thing, for example;c:\> /path/to/exe
rather thanc:\> cd /path/to
Thanks, that does make sense but for some reason I figured it would work normally just running it from anywhere with the full path to the exe in the argument.
If you know more about the progam specifically, do you know what reason there would be to use a 32 bit prefix? Like shouldn't a 64 bit prefix be able to run 32 bit applications normally? My distro's version is compiled with the win64 flag which is apparently not default behavior, but because of this I'm assuming it would work like 32 bit stuff in 64 bit windows...
Im attempting to make my little Raspberry Pi into a webserver, and its all working except for the fact that whenever I try to execute a perl script it just starts downloading the damn thing. I've been trying all sorts of shit and have probably fucked something else up in the process. Anyone got any experience with this.
Will Wayland save us?
Proably not a linux specific issue but I'm pissed off.
> trying to download gentoo tarball
> 50 kbps average download speed
For christ's sake. It is 2015. There's no excuse for this, I mean, come on.
a 64bit prefix does indeed work like windows, where it can support 32bit programs via WoW64 (microsofts' name for multilib, it stands for Windows (32) on Windows 64)
however, both 64bit and WoW64 support aren't as complete as 32bit in wine, so the compatibility of running 32bit programs in a 32bit or 64bit prefix may differ, generally 32bit winning over
if you use a prefix per application (which is good practice), then there's no advantage to using a 64bit prefix for a 32bit program anyway (even if the compatibility was identical)
oh, it's worth noting that compiling wine with 64bit support doesn't affect its support for 32bit prefixes, you can use a 32bit prefix with 64bit-supported wine (but not pure 64bit wine, which can't run 32bit programs)
Is there an actual autist test?
If so, can someone link it?
gpt requires you to use efi
EFI isn't hard. Just an extra partition you mount at /boot. Flag for it in gdisk is EF00 IIRC.
You should use gpt regardless, as gpt allows for more partitions without having to use an extended partition for it (which can fuck up resizing if you need it).
I would suggest to restart and make sure you have 2-3 partitions (efi, root, swap if you need it).
Hey, it's midnight where I am and I feel like shit anyway, so I'm gonna give you guys something to hate.
I messed with the use.mask and use.force settings on the SELinux profile of my Gentoo install so I could use it with systemd!
That's right! I went out of my way to enable something for systemd!
Window managers are slim versions of DEs. From that post, avoid them.
I recommend Gnome, KDE and Cinnamon. Any DE that is GTK2 based other than Cinnamon gave me a mountain of problems.
It was originally planed to be ready on Fedora 23, but they pushed it back to Fedora 24. Source on Fedora 24 having wayland by default is here:
If I'm going to use KDE, is there any reason I shouldn't just install Chakra?
What are other options for running android apps in linux?
Currently I'm using jar of beans with Wine.
Ah fuck, I didn't think of that.
Alright, guess I'm sticking with Arch then. I was gonna do a reinstall anyway so I thought it might be worth just installing Chakra instead to save time/effort.
if you want to use kde and only kde, chakra is the best distro out there.
guys like >>52574781 talk out of their ass, rolling release means there is no version and you can upgrade the whole system when there is updates.
What he probably meant is that there is a delay, so packages might get there one week later than on arch.
I personally use chakra.
It is the best repository I have seen.
It doesn't try to be everything at once, it is optimized for kde users.
firefox has the kde patch.
libreoffice is the kde version.
gnome packages have been stripped from as much gnome dependencies as possible (so they don't pull the entire desktop)
It is really good.
uhh cna anyone help me run psx iso's from coolrom on linuxmint?
I know I'm newb I just can't figure it out plz halps :C
my optic no longer works and I just wanna spyro or crash bandicoot plz
For me because I want to test some of my apps mainly.
Besides android is great if all you do is browsing, and with tons of apps for everything it can make a good desktop OS, for average user.
coolrom.com is a site where you can get playstation game iso's. They run on playstationx emulator. (psx)
I have linuxmint (linuxmint.com)
HOw do I get psx iso's to run on my linux mint?
I have psx through playon linux :0
I even downloaded the windows file iso's all ready to go :[
Hmm. If you are using PlayonLinux and I'm fairly confident that WINE is a dependency of that program, it should work...
You have gotten PSX to run on playonlinux? Consider copying the iso files into whatever folder the PSX executable is executed from (.PlayOnLinux/something...)
I'm sorry, I haven't used PlayOnLinux or WINE in a while. I know a bunch of commands for WINE and that's about it.
Do you have winetricks installed?
I found some support threads. Not being a passive-agressive dick, I'm just trying to help.
And one more thing - install the https everywhere addon to whatever browser you use. It's safer, and when you copy URLS people are more likely to take you seriously.
HTTPS Everywhere, uBlock Origin, and if you care enough to enable some scripts on websites you use, NoScript. If you want to go hardcore secure, uMatrix. That last one involves some moderately involved configuration to enable a website, but you only have to do it once, theoretically.
Tbh there's no reason to use noscript over umatrix now. I actually use both, noscript has scripts globally enabled but I keep it for hijack protection etc.
Setting filters is just so much easier in umatrix and more powerful.
>I wouldn't recommend it to a newb.
Perhaps. I just find it so easy I can't really comprehend people struggling. If they're interested in noscript though they should really just learn umatrix, because if they can't learn umatrix I'm not sure they can use noscript properly either.
I just remember I tried it once and I couldn't find in the filters a site that I knew I needed to enable to use the site I was on.
TvTropes.org, google-apis or something along those lines.
I kind a want to try Linux as my daily driver, but I'm scared. I know my way around Linux for work shit. I use Linux daily, both on my work machine and on my servers, but whenever I've toyed around with playing games or editing videos for my free time "hobbies" I've always fell short.
Today I'm again feeling weak. I already downloaded latest Ubuntu image and put it on my USB drive. It's now just sitting on my desk, mocking me. Daring me to insert it and wipe my Win7 from my disk.
I know some games will work fine from Steam's Linux side, but what if I suddenly want to play something that doesn't work? And before you suggest the obvious "just dual boot" option, I know if I have the option to boot into Windows I will be back within a week.
What should I do? Should I embrace the voice in the back of my head that tells me to jump? Or should I just cover my face in shame and continue using Windows?
How come programs from windows do not have to be installed on linux?
I just downloaded .zip,extracted and ran the executable file and it works like it was installed via package manager.
Because all your magical installation-wizards do is move files to the correct places, maybe setting a few configuration options along the way. Any binary will work just fine on either operating system as long as it finds the files it expects to find.
Yeah it does. Same with VS Code.
So if they move them to correct places does that mean that my downloads folder is a correct place too since it works from that folder? I mean I get it is different than from windows since I remember only portable versions of small software working on windows without installation wizard.
If the binary looks for files in a path relative to it's own location, then literally anywhere can be a correction location. If it uses absolute paths (unlikely), then you'd have to move some files around before the program would be happy.
>making a lot of backups recently
>need a file from my server's full filesystem backup after installing a new OS
>mfw I used -cvf instead of -xvf
>only one copy
Another lesson learned the hard way.
Tried the Architect for the first time, it's fucking awesome. However, I noticed the DE/WM becomes entirely fucked when the Slim display manager is enabled.
Is this happening to anyone else?
To properly poweroff the machine usesystemctl poweroff
from poweroff manpage
>These are legacy commands available for compatibility only.
>systemd(1), systemctl(1), shutdown(8), wall(1)
I want to be able to play the best game in the history of human race - namely Pathologic Classic HD, on my linux box. This one game is very important for me.
I successfully installed Steam for Windows and the game itself, by using PlayOnLinux thingie, however now I'm facing two main issues:
Problem A: After launching the game an error window appears, that reads: "Error creating sound system, game will launch without sound", after which the game does, indeed launch without sound...
Problem B: Everything renders and works as it's supposed to, but the entirety of the display is really fucking dim, as if someone moved the contrast slider all the way up, while lowering the gamma all the way down.
I tried messing with the drivers and shit, but i never used any of that stuff. Frankly speaking, I have no idea what I'm doing.
Please, help me /g/, you are my only hope.
2) I don't use a music player (use youtube/soundcloud). VLC player for videos.
3) XFCE (that's why I chose xubuntu)
4) Ubuntu software center for now. I know it gets a lot of hate but idgaf. It werks.
5) Don't care desu.
I need to unzip a bunch of files, convert them to another file type, and rezip them. That'd be easy, but each zip file has a variable number of files inside of it that need to be archived together again after the conversion. Any scripting gurus know how to do this? Way too many files to do manually.
>As I said i have no idea how to operate emulators or which drivers are supposed to be used exactly
then you probably should.
wine is a compatibility layer, not an emulator.
on top of that it's really half-assed one as a result since they can't use microsoft's libraries to avoid patent infringement and being sued to hell and back.
sorry, if you hope that someone will jump, install wine, install steam on wine, buy and install your game just to get it working for you by hours of trial-and-error you're out of luck buddy. Google is your only help.
if wine doesn't work, a windows virtual machine should work right out of the box.
>so it has good touchscreen compatibility
>and the hinge will activate the onscreen keyboard etc?
lmao, you can probably configure it as a trigger to open on screen keyboard, but out of the box support? forget about it.
XFCE and Compton
apt, I guess? yum/dnf is nice too
No, not particularly. Stable all day.
I'm new to Arch, this is the first time I've gotten a conflicting package error, I was doing a general update when...looking for conflicting packages...
Packages (12) graphite-1:1.3.5-1 lib32-libpulse-8.0-1 libpulse-8.0-1
python2-packaging-16.0-1 python2-pyparsing-2.0.7-1 sqlite-3.10.2-1
Total Installed Size: 354.20 MiB
Net Upgrade Size: 4.29 MiB
:: Proceed with installation? [Y/n]
(12/12) checking keys in keyring [##########################] 100%
(12/12) checking package integrity [##########################] 100%
(12/12) loading package files [##########################] 100%
(12/12) checking for file conflicts [##########################] 100%
error: failed to commit transaction (conflicting files)
python-pyparsing: /usr/lib/python3.5/site-packages/__pycache__/pyparsing.cpython-35.pyc exists in filesystem
python-pyparsing: /usr/lib/python3.5/site-packages/pyparsing.py exists in filesystem
Errors occurred, no packages were upgraded.
My question is, should I remove the python-pyparsing oacjage with pacman or just remove the compiled files manually? How do you handle new packages conflictnig with old ones in general?
So I bought a cheap USB mouse and now the trackpad of my netbook doesn't work anymore. Does anyone know how to resolve this?
I'm on Lubuntu and I'm fairly new to the Linux game.
I'm on the same boat. I'm about to do it, but want another extra backup before I do anything crazy. Pictures, chinese porn comics, code, music, games, and downloads MUST be safe before destruction.
The trackpad/touchpad/clickbar or whatever build in the actual netbook is not working anymore after I started using an external usb mouse. See pic if you still can't understand what I'm referring to.
It's completely dead, even when the mouse is not plugged in.
I hope this makes more sense now.
I lurk /flt/ everyday and try to help people but good lord I'm reading through people's problems and I always wonder whether I'm some kind of lucky bastard or what.
There are people who's hardware/installation weirdly stops them from making even the most basic tasks.
How is that even fucking possible that It never happens to me?
A lot of the problems are because of the user. Anything related to arch is usually the user not doing something or doing something incorrectly (not always but mostly). For ubuntu type questions the problems are also usually user caused, often they don't know what the root of the problem is or they don't know the terminology to find help.
>want to move into Linux
>every drive is in NTFS
I want to get rid of Windows entirely. It's all backed up on one of the drives. I'm about to do a second backup on the rest of the drives.
Thanks familia. I knew I could trust my chinese porn comics on Linucks.
how do I setup smart cards on mint?
I bought a reader and a smart card but not sure what to do next. I just want to use it for a keyfile for keepass, and if possible, as another form of authentication for decryption my hdd (it has FDE, but using 2FA for this isn't a big priority of mine).
basically I want to make keepass more secure since I don't want to use any "cloud" services for all my passwords, and will instead store it locally.
forgot to mention, that the card is on a list supposed supported on debian, and I checked to see if the reader is working on my system and it indeed is, it reads when I add/remove a card. However when I use opensc it says the card is unsupported.
This is purely anecdotal, but NTFS caused bad sectors on one of my 2TB HDDs. When I zero-filled it, then formatted it with EXT4, the bad sectors were gone. 2 years later, there's still none with over 6TB of writes.
I know that, that's precisely what I mean. Assuming I don't do something stupid like accidentally kick my case or a natural disaster happens (earthquake and whatnot)...using an ext4 filesystem should make my HDD less likely to suffer data corruption, damaged sector, etc. right?
Hi! Can anyone tell me how to apply all dotfiles to make my openbox desktop like pic related? Yeah I'm linux newbie
I know this is a stupid ass question and I feel stupd that I need to ask having taken a unix class in college but how the fuck can I just strip away all GUI from a lubuntu install? I understand there is a DE (lxde) and I have several window managers and the DM/greeter that came with lubuntu. Any way to quickly switch between DE's and DM's? Key config files?
FAT32 is not a good filesystem for anything that's not a usb flashdrive that's supposed to work with every system because it has a filesize limit of 4GB.
NTFS support on Linux is wonky. It works, you can read and write NTFS partitions but any operations causes more CPU usage than it should and NTFS is pretty much ancient garbage with special love for file fragmentation.
You'd know that if you googled.
Nex time state your fucking business friend instead of asking cryptic questions
they're running into problems you either
- don't run into because you know what you're doing
- learned to resolve so long ago that you've forgotten that it's not common knowledge
Literally see https://wiki.installgentoo.com/index.php//flt/ second post:
>Ricing on Linux (Make it good and functional or make it worse/puke-inducing like those at desktop threads)
Riced desktops are usually more functional than default desktops. People who hate ricing and claim it "non functional" usually don't get the point what "functional" actually means.
>can't see any toolbars
>has fucking pink shit with terrible color aesthetics
>only used for watching mongol cartoons and fapping to old hag
>can't be used for real productivity
Even /r/unixporn is better than you.
>>has fucking pink shit with terrible color aesthetics
You dont need to rice your desktop using his color theme
>>only used for watching mongol cartoons and fapping to old hag
Hating ricing because you hate anime? kek
>>can't be used for real productivity
Gentlemen, I am the one who came up with the puke inducing part, but not the rest (Make it worse blah blah blah)
Just revise it ffs.
hi guys, i'm in a middle of installing arch on my new laptop, and the font size of the installation terminal is so small because of the high resolution of my screen, is it possible to make it larger?
Trying to change my Awesome WM theme to zenburn but keep getting, "writing error when attempting to save file...". What's going on? I'm simply changing 'default' to 'zenburn' after the 'beautiful.init(...)".
hola amigas, pretty much nub here, i have kernel generated with genkernel utilizing initramfs, booting with EFI kernel with initramfs specified seems to work, however, when something boots I am prompted to input /dev/sda4 as it states it did not find the filesystem in a fucking dot (.) can I somehow specify the root=/dev/sda4 with efi entry generated with efibootmgr? or well, just do something about that? thanks
>NTFS on linux
Is a recipe for sector failure, try writing to NTFS partition on linux and then deleting those.
And enjoy your sector failure that's can't be fixed from linux , only windows which you can't boot to.
>FAT or FAT32?
bruh i recommend you to read up on what FAT is
I dont know what editor you have installed so just as example:# Run editor
# Run editor as superuser
sudo vim /path/file.conf
# Run graphical editor
# Run graphical editor as superuser
gksudo gedit /path/file.conf
Is the program graphical? Use gksudo
Is the program terminal only? Use sudo
So i want to update my desktop pc from debian stable to testing.
I can set the repos in my sources.list file and just upgrade everything to the latest version.
Will this break my system?
If a package has dependencies errors will it upgrade or keep the installed version?
Should i just wait for stretch to be released as stable?
To be honest i just need cinnamon and the nouveau drivers but i don't think i can install just those without breaking something
upgrading to testing really shouldn't break anything.
to be safe just
sudo aptitude update
sudo aptitude upgrade
sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list (and change to stretch)
sudo aptitude update
sudo aptitude dist-upgrade
you can run win7+ easily from usb, just install to the usb drive through a VM so the installer doesn't notice it's actually USB
when setup tries to reboot for the first time, close the VM and (actually) boot from the usb drive to finish setup
for win7 use a usb2 port until you install your usb3 drivers else it'll bsod
You'll have best luck with LTS release of *buntu (or Mint)
Proprietary GPU drivers should work just fine.
Choice of a desktop environment is up to you.
Cinnamon will be the most windows-like.
you could lower the resolution, though i'm not sure how to do it immediately
you can add "video=1280x800" or w/e resolution to the end of the "kernel" line in grub (press "e" instead of enter to make edits)
What is the difference between virtual and resident memory usage? What should I be paying attention to to see the actual amount of memory a process is currently using?
I saw it in a manpage before but I can't remember which one, nor the vital information.
you can pretty much ignore the virtual value
resident is how much (non-shared) memory it's using, and share is how much is being shared (or can be shared) with other programs
like for example, if you have two GTK programs running, they both have the GTK library loaded, but they share it in memory, rather than having two copies loaded
so resident is what it's using, but resident minus shared is unique to it
no, it's how much memory the program has "allocated" in its virtual address space (programs can't access physical ram directly, for security and stability reasons, it's up to the kernel to manage the correlation between a programs virtual address space and the physical address space)
how much of a programs' virtual address space is used doesn't necessarily match up to how much ends up being stored on physical memory, so it's (i guess) only really useful if you're writing software
like for example, if a program maps 2G of memory, virt will reflect that, but only until something is actually stored in that space, resident won't change (nor will you have actually used 2G of physical ram)
That makes sense, thanks. I remember reading something similar in the first few chapters of an Assembly book I procrastinated my way through.
>it's only really useful if you're writing software
I'm trying to write my own filemanager, and was wondering if my history feature had any memory leaks (it sure fucking does). I guess I'll man valgrind and go from there. Your assistance is much appreciated.
if you plan to use linux full time, you'll be planning to move them to a native filesystem like ext4 anyway, right?
ntfs-3g is good enough to cover the gap, that's all it's really there for, if using ntfs was a serious thing people would be putting more effort into the in-kernel ntfs driver
>if you plan to use linux full time, you'll be planning to move them to a native filesystem like ext4 anyway, right?
I'd like to but 2 problems exist. One I can't format them as ext4 because they're all full and I have no juggle room. Two I actually will keep dual booting Windows - mostly for gaymen - but I guess I can just dedicate one drive for that and leave it NTFS.
two of your disks have a reasonable amount of room for at least a multi-part conversion
1. copy what you can off
2. resize to minimum
3. make new ext4 partition in free space
4. copy that stuff to ext4 partition
5. copy more stuff off
6. resize to minimum
7. shift ext4 partition to leftmost and expand
you get the idea (maybe)
and yea, a single ntfs partition is all you need for a bootable windows system
pic is literally the only ntfs volume i have/use, i only need windows for solidworks
I COULD do what you suggested, but I've got 8TB of total stoage with only 800GB usable. I really REALLY don't want to do what you said like 8 times to get one drive done. Could buy another disk I guess.
if you could at least borrow a disk or scrounge up enough combined free space to cover the single largest disk then it'd be a lot better/less tedious/faster
what i suggest is really just "it's *possible*", and not ideal
incase someone is wonder what the secret to "windows on a single handy partition" is, it's simply, don't give windows setup anything else to work with
leave no unallocated space, pre-partition/format an ntfs volume to select in setup, have no other partitions on that disk that windows recognizes, and have only that disk connected
done, setup will have no choice but to use only that partition
you can then freely move that partition around, back it up, restore it, etc, and you only need to update grub to keep windows bootable
-- oh yea, if you don't want to or can't do that on the disk you want windows on, then use a disk image and a vm to install on, then after setup, dd that virtual partition (loop mount it so you have a device node to the partition) to your (same-size) partition on the target physical disk (then update grub)
this doesn't stop you from using the windows bootloader, the windows bootloader is still there, and you can use it if you like
i just prefer to chainload the windows bootloader from grub rather than the other way around