What were, and are, the most strategic locations on Earth? Physical geography has not changed much over the course of human history (save for our structures and trash), but I imagine strategy is also a function of human agglomerations - where people were at the time, where they were after that, where they are today. Who hates whom, who is cousins of whom. In short, physical geography presents rather fixed (dis)advantages, while human geography renders this or that place more or less relevant at a particular time.
Feel free to take the prompt in any historical direction (commerce?), but I was thinking mostly in terms of conventional warfare.
Some Chokepoints niqqa
Whole fucking Southeast Asia actually
As for overland chokepoints, only shit I know is Hindu Kus and Ferghana.
The heartland of the world island (pivot point in pic related) is literally the most defensible spot on earth as far as conventional warfare goes.
The middle east and eastern europe are the choke points into the heartland.
I don't know who the author of this map is, but heartland theory forms the basis of most modern geostrategy.
Brzezinski uses it.
Dugin uses it.
I think it was originally proposed by Halford Mackinder in 1904...but it's pretty common as far as modern "how to take over the world" strategies go.
Gibraltar has some significance.
The Rhine has been a border for a two thousand years at least.
Overal I'd say the Low Countries have a very interesting position from a commercial point of view.
*ULTIMATE /HIS/ STRATEGIC LOCATIONS MASTERLIST*
>Straits of Gibraltar
>Straits of Malacca.
>Cape of Good Hope
>Horn of Africa
I thought of two kinds:
Naval Chokepoints (blue) and "areas of land that are easy to support large populations in due to fertility" (green).
There are other kinds of strategic locations, but they really depend on the priorities of the individual nation.
>most defensible area
>not the Continental US
OCEANS EAST AND WEST
NO EASY INVASION ROUTES FROM MORE POPULOUS REGIONS