>>558043 Unfortunately pretty much nothing is known about pre-Islamic (aka Swahili) East Africa other than some Greek records saying "oh yeah sometimes we sail down there to trade stuff, here's a list of good cities to stop at".
There's also "Cyeneum" mentioned which would be around South Sudan today, but I haven't been able to find much of anything at all about it, at least nothing that exists online.
The only real information on these places goes back to when Islam spread out there, but I don't know if it's genuinely because of lack of records, or just that very little of it exists online in English.
>>558061 You can read the whole thing in fifteen minutes, I spent a month special ordering the book at my library and it was Fucking flimsy, you can read it online
Also Azanians were assimilated by Bantu farmers, they got their asses handed to them though Azanians themselves are a part of the larger stone bowl culture that assimilated into San communities though they themselves seem to be related partially to the click speakers in Tanzania.
>>558099 >You can read the whole thing in fifteen minutes, I spent a month special ordering the book at my library and it was Fucking flimsy, you can read it online That's part of what I mean by there not being a lot of information on them, even from surviving primary sources.
>Also Azanians were assimilated by Bantu farmers, they got their asses handed to them though Azanians themselves are a part of the larger stone bowl culture that assimilated into San communities though they themselves seem to be related partially to the click speakers in Tanzania. Where do you get this from?
>>558108 Genetic reports and archeology >>558007 I forgot to even answer your question.
So it's both regions but it's important to recognize southern Arabia is a literal extension on Africa in geology, ecosystem and in fact culture & genetics.
The migration of cushitics and nilo-saharans brought tamed camels and donkeys to the region some time before and they form the substratum of the Modern South Arabian languages still spoken by Mehri and Socotrans among others of the region.
I'm Ethiopian Jewish, our history is influenced by a multitude of peoples from both sides of the Red Sea.
Ethiopian civilization was basically imported from South Arabia in the 1st millennium BC (though there's no evidence that this involved colonization or invasions), and then in the early first millennium AD they united under the Aksumites and became a major power in Arabia itself. They were also heavily influenced by the Mediterranean world, and in many ways they were a part of the Greco-Roman world (the name Ethiopia itself was adopted by the Aksumites from the Greeks) and Aksumite rulers were familiar with Greek literature. Then the conversion to Christianity broke many of Ethiopia's cultural ties to Arabia and made it a more Byzantine-oriented civilization. In contrast, Ethiopia never had any significant relations with the interior of Africa. The lands surrounding Ethiopia are mostly deserts and wastelands, so there was no reason for expansion, and trade with the interior was pretty much non-existent.
Somalia too is much more influenced by Arabia than by the rest of Africa, though they did have contact with Bantus through coastal trade. Their lifestyles are fairly similar to those of Arab nomads and they've long been integrated into wider Islamic civilization, with their closest cultural contacts being with south Arabia.
Oromos were not heavily influenced by Arabian or any Eurasian civilization (until they entered Ethiopia and adopted both Islam and Christianity), but they weren't related to non-Cushitic Africans either, their closest relatives being Somalis.
Ethnically, Ethiopians are Semitic and came from Arabia (though genetically they're indigenous), and Somalis and Oromos are Cushitic. Cushitic, like Semitic, is part of Afro-Asiatic which may have originated around Sudan or the Levant depending on who you ask (I believe the latter personally).
The Horn of Africa should really be seen as an extension of Eurasia in the same way that North Africa is. Just because they're 'black' doesn't mean they have any cultural relation to other black Africans.
Most google searches regarding the expansion of Sheep into Southern Africa also discuss this (there is a really great paper on apiculture in Bushmen communities and the migrating stone bowl culture sheep herders) as well as the linguistic relationship between Khoe language and Sandawe with Khoe's base being another click based linguistic family.
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