Previously on: >>52682246
Intended for users of all levels, including absolute beginners.
There are four ways to try Linux, you can:
1) Install a Linux OS on a VM (Virtual Machine/VirtualBox) for "safety purposes"
2) Use the Live ISO directly without installing anything, that way, you can get a "full Linux experience".
3) Dual-boot Linux with Windows/Mac (recommended if you want to learn more about Linux)
4) Go balls deep and overwrite everything with Linux (not recommended)
Before asking, please find the answers to your questions in resources.
Please be civil, notice the "Friendly" in every Friendly Linux Thread.
Understand that much of your software from Windows will be unavailable, although maybe wine can make up for it.
man <insert command here>
your friendly neighborhood search engine
What is GNU/Linux?
Babby's First Linux (What distro to choose?)
What software does /g/ recommend?
Ricing on Linux
A script designed to ease the transition from Windows to Debian
Check out this page for any updates on the OP
IRC No one uses:
Alternatives for the brony transition script:
It's from the guy from the moka, faba, paper, orchis themes
>I installed Ubuntu, what do?
Bonus points for specific guides for Xubuntu and Lubuntu
>I installed Linux Mint, what do?
Bonus points for specific guides for Mate and Xfce editions
>Security tips in Ubuntu, LinuxMint and Debian
Common Sense 2016 Linux edition
>Fatal mistakes in Ubuntu and LinuxMint
Warns about PPAs = random code from the internet, not mixing repo versions, warns about not using kde stuff in non kde DEs, warns about Ultamatix,Ubuntu Tweak, Ubuntu Sources List Generator, Ubuntuzilla, etc.
>Speed up Ubuntu
Gotta go fast
>Speed up Linux Mint
>Try it in a VM
Can I get viruses from pirating linux software and games?
Yes. Every untrusted source should be avoided.
(This includes AUR and PPA aswell).
But: The great benefit is that you can easy check the source PGKBUILD for AUR, etc yourself.
Common Sense 2016 may be with you.
Use the sticky icky
>Avoid 10 fatal mistakes
>You also need to be careful with .deb files from external sources:
>Files with the extension .deb are separate installers, just like .exe installers for Windows. You can download debs from some websites. When you double-click them, they ask for your password and then they install themselves in your system.
Only install those .deb files that you trust completely. When you're at all unsure about a .deb file, don't install it! These files are unchecked, unverified and may do damage to your system. They may even contain malware, like spyware and such.
>This happens in the real world: I know of at least one incident. Some years ago, malware (a trojan) was detected in a .deb file, that was available for download on the much visited website of gnome-look.org.
A week into arch linux without any linux experience, I have lightdm, and openbox finally going. After troubleshooting different display managers and login managers I figured out I had the wrong video driver installed, it stalled me for about 2 days.
Either way, once I got the open box/ desktop thing open I lose the terminal and instantly feel lost. What do?
I'm aware of the right click/ backing out into the terminal with alt Fkey.
I suppose terminal emulators arent the same? Is that the equivalent to .zsh? I'm reading into them now.
How do I remove these ^M characters?
Is there a way to capture them with SED?
I don't understand what you mean or want.
You have a terminal emulator of some sort installed, right? Like, xterm should be installed, but there's urxvt, terminator, and more.
zsh is a shell. Shells interpret what you type into commands in the system.
I'm pretty bad with sed, but maybe:sed 's/\^M//g'
The \ in front of the ^ is important, since it's an actual character. Otherwise, ^ would normally be read as "start of the line".
A terminal is the graphic wrapper for the shell which is the black thing where you type commands
So Xterm, Xfce4-Terminal, Urxvt are terminals (emulators)
They're called terminals because in the old times (70s,80s) in order to access a computer you used a (computer) terminal which looks like pic related
And Bash, Zsh, Fish are (command-line) shells
A shell is a term used for the implementation of basic interactivity to a computer (the way you interactively say what the computer will do, and what the computer answers to your requests)
That just means a literal "caret m", not ^M, which is a control sequence. (It's a different ASCII character)
If you're in vim, you'd hit control V, then M to produce the character. It's highlighted in a different color to differentiate it between the two characters.
Had to read through the comments a bit as the OP answered with the same wrong answer as the guys after you responded.
I didn't know ^M was "carriage return", aka \r
This fixed it:
Glad to hear anon I didn't knew it was \r instead of ^M
I guess you're just in time for the new sticky
Btw cool get
I'd like to try out Puppy Linux it seems pretty cool but there are like a dozen versions, what's a good general version for a mobile OS. I use Manjaro Cinnamon for my desktop if that means anything.
On Arch, when yaourt gives you a warning saying "unsupported package: potentially dangerous", does that just mean that it's from the AUR and not the Arch repository, or does it mean that it's not supported by your system for some reason?
I installed an arch derivative (chakra) and i have an issue that came up installing Nvidia proprietary drivers after using the default open drivers.
Things like the title bar and text doubled in size after switching and it looks weird on a 1080 screen. I tried fiddling with KDEs dpi settings but it didn't quite fix the issue as the text became too small and the title bar stayed hilariously large.
I feel like the answer should be something I know already but can't place it.
I got 2 questions.
How do I make grub boot to default option immediately?
How do I make LightDM (Any Greeter. GTK greeter preferred) scale to a HiDPI display?
I have tried messing with GRUB-*TIMEOUT settings in /etc/default/grub. (No effect)
I have tried scaling fonts. (Icons are still too small)
I read your coffee drinking post but thought it was wrong since I didn't know \r == ^M. If you'd have described that \r == carriage return == ^M I would have tried your answer
And actually I knew \r == carriage return since we have to write that in html, and unix ends with just \n whereas windows ends with \r\n (so if you copy a unix file to windows the newlines might not happen). But I didn't know \r == ^M
In any case, thanks for answering my question correctly, and my bad for not just trying your command
Complete tech illiterate reporting in
How can I block cancerous emojis on browsers?
Picture related, made me want to throw up
That worked until some dumb cunt literally posted 13 emojis in a row. I'm in hell
If anyone on linux needs a good way to organize your images, try tagsistant. It has a debian/ubuntu package and is in the AUR. It's a FUSE filesystem that actually works surprisingly well. You can pretty easily write up some scripts to integrate it. I added an option in the nautilus menu to that lets me add tags to any selected items, and I've got another script that uses inotify to watch for new files in my downloads and reaction images folders and prompts me to tag them. I've still got a little work to do tagging images before I found this but finding relevant images and just files has gotten 10 times easier.
pic related, I clicked a bunch of random tags.
I'm on Xfce, and the maximize button on windows (such as for web browsers) is very inefficient. For example, if the window is snapped to the side, it takes more than one click to get from there to fullscreen. How can I make it function more like a regular maximize button? I can't seem to find the option on the settings gui.
Hey, can anyone help me with arch? First time with arch installing in VM everything seemed to go fine till reboot and removal of install media. I have the error message must load kernel first and realized that I stupidly did not make the GRUB config file. When I run "grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg" I get the response generating grub config file then it spits out an error saying line 163 command not found.
That's not going to work
Install grub, os-prober and then do the mkconfig from a live usb, that's your only hope
It's good but out-of-date now. You could still use it of course. Its official successor is BunsenLabs, but there is also CrunchBang++ and CrunchBang Monara.
#! and its successors are basically Debian Stable with Openbox, Tint2 and scripts and tweaks.
I think BunsenLabs will move away from the original CrunchBang over time, and it already has its own flavor. The #! community had many ideas that weren't implemented by the original developer so that's why I don't see BL just replicating #!.
CrunchBang++ will probably stay very close to the original just with new packages etc.
I don't know if CrunchBang Monara is going to be actively developed in the future.
There is also TweakOS / TweakLinux by a #! community member. It doesn't have the #! aesthetic, but it's similarly built. I like it and its three color themes.
Hello. Future ex-winfag here. However I'm not set yet on the distro/DE choice. I have lurked a bit and know the names of the main options as well as the basic facts but don't have any first-hand experience so I'd appreciate some targeted advice. Here's what I like for an user interface :
I prefer keyboard over mouse.
I hate the top panel/border of windows (never click on close but alt+f4, never use minimize or resize, don't need the name cause it's pretty obvious which program it is anyway, so which purpose does it serve?). Well it's not like it matters, just losing a fraction of screen space, but still it pisses me off that I can't get rid of it in Windows. I imagine it wouldn't be a problem on any Linux DE?
Programs should be launched with a launcher (ideally one keystroke to start the launcher, one (two) to identify a commonly launched app, one for enter ; if not in the commonly used then type more chars to start a search) so I don't feel the need for anything else than a blank screen or a wallpaper as a desktop main window. I might add some minimal rice later though.
Can I easily use the win key for DE-wide shortcuts? Since it wouldn't conflict with applications shortcuts.
I actually think explorer.exe isn't too bad but maybe I'm just unaware of alternatives. Or do you just use the CLI? (for like moving files around or searching for a file when you don't remember the name but the location). I mean when I'm in a folder I just type the first letter of where I wanna go, maybe the second one if there are a lot of subfolders, then enter, and can navigate really fast. For copying I'd open two instances and alt-tab. But I'm open to try and learn CLI workflow, does someone know of a good tutorial? I'm thinking you probably don't cd cd cd cd all the time. I would also think it relies heavily on autocomplete?
About that, is it worth it to learn shell language beyond basics? I mean if I need to write a script (not that I'd see that happening everyday anyway) why not use python for zero brain consumption?
I'm interested in WMs but is it a good idea for a newcomer? I might prefer the justwerksness of DEs for a while. Anyway most programs are better maximized/fullscreen, but I'm learning programming and code isn't really wide, but I guess the editor can take care of it's own window management.
As for the distro, ideally i'd want something minimal, I like the idea of having only what I need, but they are it seems targeted at more experienced users. Conversely, newbie-friendly distros tend to have their preferred DE that tries to replicate the win user interface but that's not really what I'm looking for.
I even considered falling for the install gentoo meme (I'm a student so I can afford some time) but yeah it's not realistic for a complete newcomer, moreover see next paragraph. Would Debian be a good middle ground? Which DE? I can easily switch anyway no?
Finally some practical questions regarding install : my laptop's ethernet port is mechanically dead and its keyboard is unreliable (sometimes some keys don't work, not great for invisible passwords input), so, can I just use wifi and usb keyboard? I guess not from the beginning of the install process... Also I don't own a smartphone nor any other web-browsing device, but I can put the installation manual in my e-book reader. Should I expect unexpected trouble? In which case I can use someone else's device to look for information (I live in dorms) but like not every 5 mins.
that's a big wall of text but you sound like you would like Debian minimal (expert install option in the netinstall) with LXDE/LXQt or XFCE, the minimal installation is not really needed for most people though, normal install is not too bloated anyway, don't listen to the autists in desktop threads). maybe try it out in a VM before installing it fully?
the OP has resources on learning bash(the shell) and you would do good by using an installation iso with all non-free drivers in them so your wifi works for sure.
here's the one for debian: http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/8.3.0/amd64/iso-cd/
it should basically just werk.
yeah sorry for such a long post but i figure people come on this thread cause they're bored at work
arf maybe in a couple months
oh, apart from the wifi, the internet connection is intermittent (works great one minute, then not at all for 10 secs etc.) will that be an issue?
you need stable internet connection during install with a network installation image. if you don't have that you probably need an installation image with a live instance available. but if the wifi works you'll be fine.
just that it's from the AUR
it's not supported in the sense that the arch project maintainers don't support (maintain) AUR packages, nor test them
it's entirely up the user to ensure AUR packages are safe
ALWAYS read the PKGBUILD and any provided patches before installing anything from the AUR
in general PKGBUILDs are simply what you would otherwise have to type to compile/install the program normally, so they're usually simple and small
how would i go on about installing a distro in virtualbox that doesn't have and .iso, .ecm or .dmg?
i want to isntall GuixSD in VB to see what it's like and for fun. can i just write it to an usb-stick and then boot from that with virtualbox?
from the filename, it looks like an xz-compressed raw disk image
just decompress it and add it as a disk in virtualbox
i'm not 100% sure if virtualbox will take a raw image directly, but you can convert it to a native VDI imageVBoxManage convertfromraw --format vdi image.raw image.vdi
I've been finagling with linux for a little while, nothing in-depth, and I want to set up my VPS and OpenWRT router in such a way that it functions like a Netflix regionlock proxy.
Seeing as Unblock-us got locked out by Netflix because of their policy towards proxies, i can't really go for another service.
I've tried a setup with sniproxy and openwrt doing some DNS tricks, but I'm getting lost in the shittily written "tutorials" on the web.
Is there any solid documentation or proper tutorial that I can follow for my goals?
I use wine to run this program on ubuntu and everything goes smoothly
I use the same program on my laptop with arch and it keep crashing.
Any idea why?
potentially, i at least know you can use raw images with qemuxz -kd guixsd-usb-install-0.9.0.x86_64-linux.xz
qemu-system-x86_64 -m 1G -hda guixsd-usb-install-0.9.0.x86_64-linux --enable-kvm
Hey guys just installed arch which is my first linux distro (after dabbling with mint) while partitioning I gave my root drive 20GB of space and 280GB to my /home drive but every application I download goes straight to /root is this normal file hierarchy or is it because im installing everything as root? (im not but im using sudo)
It sounds like its swapping your sink when you plug the headphones in, but not swapping it back after they are removed
I'm not very familiar with pulseaudio's actual config files but googling "pulseaudio headphone sink" might bring up some similar issues with solutions?
Programs and their resources install mainly to /bin and /lib on most distros.
Also make sure you have the home drive for your user account set to /home/$username, otherwise you'll use none of that 280GB partition by default.
I've installed Elementary OS on my laptop.
For gayming, I tried to install NVidia drivers, but I did it wrong.
Now, it seems I have no graphic drivers or whatever : afer the boot screen I just have a black screen instead of login screen.
I can access to the terminal with ctrl+alt+F1, and i don't know how to reinstall Xorg or whatever.
>Now, it seems I have no graphic drivers or whatever : afer the boot screen I just have a black screen instead of login screen.
By login screen do you mean TTY? I assume nbot based on your next sentence but if you mean the TTY is black then you've got the same problem I had.
this pic related
after the boot screen, I have a black screen with no cursor.
Does anyone know whats wrong? All my themes are broken.
Mmm can't help you there then, my Xorg worked perfectly, TTY is where I had/have issues.
However you could try switching to TTY/logging in with ssh and running the nvidia-xconfig command under sudo. Generates a xorg.conf which MAY fix your issues.
Is there a way to fix that?
My Lenovo G460 doesn't have any sound in any distro, someone told me to reset my bios but I can't find the cmos on the motherboard. I'm forced to go back to vista or xp unless one of you helps me.
Why is it that all the tiling WMs don't come with a compositor? I don't want to compile the shitty compton compositor so that there's no more tearing in firefox.
Up until now, I have used KDE (4 and 5), but 5 is way too unstable, some GUI don't even load at startup consistently.
Is either Gnome or Cinnamon by best alternative (no, Xfce and LXDE/QT don't provide enough usability. If I use a DE, I might as well go all-out)?
So /flt/, I just installed pic related and I can't figure out how to tip it.
I tried "tip" and "sudo tip" and neither work. Any help please?
EDIT: It's the latest version.
htop's nice, it has
- more view options, many customizable
- color support
- ability to signal processes
- ability to renice processes
- ability to sort and search through processes
>160KB is now bloat
Will you archfaggots jump of a cliff?
It would definately improve the quality of Linux community?
didn't work, still no sound.
I think there was sound at the first startup but stopped working after, also I believe there was also sound on the live CD.
And as I said sound hasn't been working in xubuntu, mint, sabayon, antergos, opensuse, and now fedora.
Maybe someone of you can help. Not really a problem but it's annoying: When I close vim and try to scroll up with urxvt, I see kinda "leftover" screen of my already closed vim.
Happens only with vim, not with other programs.
>haven't been using my debian in a while
>shut down Windows
>boot into debian
>typo in password
>pic related now
What the hell?
I'm on Xubuntu and I installed Numix theme so that the windows look nice. It works well.
I looked into the theme files and I saw that I could change Numix colors. Do you know what file do I need to edit to change windows border colors ?
i actually use debian but if someone has fun making LFS or using funtoo, why shouldn't he? i don't like that they make fun of people but saying that their time is worthless just because they choose something doesn't make sense either.
>The moment someone criticises Linux for being the piece of shit it is, they'll tip their fedoras, call the critic things like "stupid" or "retarded", then proceed to make the excuse that Linux isn't "suited for stupid people", but is rather designed for euphoric atheists like themselves.
>In this moment, I am euphoric. Not because of the shallow amenities of some proprietary, closed-source operating system, but because I am enlightened by Stallman's intelligence.
Can a father process see it's child process's resources and/or vice versa in linux?
What can I say?
Looks fine to me.
me:~/Downloads$ sudo mv firefox ~/usr/local/
mv: cannot move ‘firefox’ to ‘/home/me/usr/local/’: No such file or directory
how the fuck do I move a fucking folder
google doesn't help
it says exactly what I'm doing already
apparently nothing on my computer exists and I'm just hallucinating
no, also troubleshooting sound is kinda hard. what soundchip are you using? can you show all settings (also the options)? what are you playing the audio with? are you using the right output on your mobo?
This is what alsamixer looks like. I am using pulseaudio.
1. "~/usr/local" is not a common location, you probably meant to type "/usr/local"
2. firefox consists of more than just the main binary
3. use your package manager to install firefox (or anything)
you shouldn't be touching anything in / besides /home/<you> unless you know what you're doing
also, my motherboard doesn't have too many options, and no sound options either.
maybe cp will work? idk. Also make sure it's the right directory, try ls. If not then do sudo su and try dragging the file you want to move into the terminal.
pic is for you
figured it out
the ~ was infront of the wrong directory in my attempt to move the folder
yeah already figured thanks
now how do I change the "Web Browser" link in the Applications Menu to start Firefox instead of Iceweasle?
Has anyone seen an issue where a second monitor is plugged in and "seen" by the driver (occurs in both nouveau and nvidia proprietary) but when enabled, the monitor doesn't turn on?
I just got an upgraded graphics card with displayport so I can run my main monitor at 4k 60hz but now my second monitor (1440p korean) won't turn on. I can enable it and the desktop extends to it (I can move my mouse off over into it) but the fucker just won't turn on.
you already have iceweasel installed? what do you miss from iceweasel that you need firefox for? it's pretty much the same thing except iceweasel has a few tweaks to make it more secure and doesn't have copyrighted artwork.
I want to try ff because I'm missing some addons and iceweasle just ranomly crashes and shuts down even when it doesn't crash, every time I start it it say "oops sorry we made a mistake hurr durr should I attempt to load all tabs from the last session again?? pls don't uninstall me"
I need help /g/ all my themes are broken. How do i fix that?
Not installed. I have all copied it to / usr / share / themes.
On Arch Linux, the 358.16 driver does not work for the GTX 750 ti.
I have vdpau,nvidia-libgl,nvidia-utils,opencl-nvidia installed.
cat /var/log/Xorg.0.log | grep nvidia
(GPU-0) the nvidia gpu at pci:0:2:0 is not supported by the 358.16 nvidia driver, failed to initialize the NVidia driver, failing Initialization of X screen 0
fresh installed from github. same problems.
Reboot and the same problem. Buttons and metacity doesn't change.
OUT NOW NORMIESSSSSSSSSS REEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE
recently installed mint xfce and the lock screen looks old. what's a good alternative for it & how do i go on replacing it? changing themes to dark doesn't change the volume icon on the bottom too (remains white)?
One of these, I think RC4-SHA but can't remember. There was a dev post about it, google your error + palemoon.
Anyone have experience using handbrake? I am getting this frustrating problem where it does the foreign audio subtitle burn-in search thing, but gets stuck at the end of that. I won't move on to the actual video encoding.
I was able to do an entire season last night using the exact same settings, so I have no idea what happened.
I need a recommendation for a cheap dedicated video card. I've been an EVGA Nvidia GT440 and its fine but the cooler fan is broken and getting a new one is half the price of some cards that I think are better.
Any thoughts? Nvidia proprietary drivers have always worked for me though I've heard bad things about NVidia and wayland
Should I go AMD? If so, any recommendations?
Does Debian Jessie even warns the user when there are updates available? It does not seem to be working for me.
I keep having to manually issue apt-get update and upgrade if I ever want to know if there are security updates.
intel igpu iris 520 or any of the ones in the pic
>not having basic knowledge in at least few european languages that share common roots with each other to figure out the meaning of basic phrases in the rest of them
[email protected] life
english is my second language actually. i just made a joke because using anything but english for tech related things doesn't make sense.
because the open amd drivers and intel drivers are stable and just werk. they also don't break on updates. i don't like non-free drivers because they are proprietary and because they tend to break.
>because the open amd drivers
Are these official drivers or something like Noveau? I'd like to be able to do Unreal Engine 4 dev and I already do decent amounts of graphics programming in OpenGL so I need something that can handle that stuff.
maybe something like this helps. learn to use a search engine and learn to provide relevant information from the first post.
Actually when you disregard intel's igpus (their drivers are fully open sourced) and talk strictly discrete GPUs, proprietary drivers for nvidia's chips are the closest you can get to "just works".
Proprietary amd drivers are garbage, open radeon is a much better solution but you do loose some of the performance.
Not even mentioning novaeu. They're the driver equivalent of xorg
amdgpu is official, this is why i provided the list, they are the cards that are supported by amdgpu. http://wccftech.com/amd-announces-amdgpu-kernel-driver-linux/
you need a very recent kernel version in order to have good performance with them, 4.3.3 is already good but on 4.5 they are apparently really good. they are not as good for games as the nvidia drivers yet (probably because of the way nvidia makes drivers) but they are more stable.
>Actually when you disregard intel's igpus (their drivers are fully open sourced) and talk strictly discrete GPUs, proprietary drivers for nvidia's chips are the closest you can get to "just works".
They werk for most things. However my TTYs are still fucked since installing it and I still don't know how to reorder my monitors except for setting which is the first (have 3). This could be my own incompetence at xorg.conf though.
TTYs being almost completely broken is VERY annoying though.
If a more high-end intel cpu with iris pro chip is out of the question and you absolutely need the performance than probably.
Don't worry about wayland for now.
Only Fedora 24 is scheduled to use it by default and that's only gnome session.
By the time Wayland sees wide adoption in more popular distros like Ubanto I'm sure there will be wayland drivers for it.
I've got a 250 GB HDD that's partitioned in the following way:
/boot - 256 MB
/root - 70 GB
/home - 110 GB
The rest is unallocated (I used to have a second root for another setup with shared boot/home).
Now the HDD is very old and crappy and causes programs to lock up when they cache to disk and such so I bought myself a small 120 GB SSD that I'd like to move my install to.
What would be the best way to move the install? Also I'd like to have swap on the new disk since I don't have any swap setup on the current install which causes X to lock up sometimes when I compile large projects and run out of RAM.
Regardless of whether you get AMD or NVidia, you should ensure that you are using the drivers that are free software. Do not infect the GNU + Linux system, a system made to be free, with proprietary garbage.
fyi you can override the locale when running a program
in that particular case the words were similar enough to be readable by english speakers, but that won't always be the case
GNU + Linux as an operating system was built from the ground up to be a free operating system, meant for running free software. Are you a Microsoft Windows convert? As it turns out, it seems that Microsoft Windows converts are those most responsible for corrupting GNU + Linux with garbage, proprietary software -- they're like immigrants to a new country who refuse to adapt and integrate into their new culture.
No I'm more of a BSD/permissive/open fag. Linux was never built from the ground up to run only free software -- that's a completely and utterly absurd argument to make.
Please go away
make the partitions you want on the ssd, they just need to be big enough to hold the data on the old partitions (like if 30G of / is used, it only needs to be at least 30G, not necessarily 70G)
boot into a livecd (technically optional, but it's a good idea to shutdown before copying root)
mount all the partitions somewhere (like /mnt/oldroot, /mnt/newroot, etc)
rsync the contents from the old volumes to the new ones, for example;# rsync -avh --progress /mnt/oldroot/. /mnt/newroot
chroot into the new root mount (bind mounting appropriate other mounts into it first), and update your fstab and grub, as well as install grub stage1 to the ssd
Sounds good, is the grub step necessary? Can't I simply copy my current boot over to the new boot partition and mark it as bootable? (I actually use syslinux but the question still applies).
Yes, it was. The GNU project was created to be the first completely free operating system around, and the project continues to have those same goals to this day.
GNU + Linux as a system is dedicated to free software.
you need to copy /boot over either way (in addition to bootloader information, it also holds your kernel and initramfs)
but your ssd won't have any/the correct bootsector, so you will need to install that
also the bootloader configuration may also be incorrect for a new disk/partition/volume, for example, if it expects root to be a particular UUID, that will be different (if the old disk is still attached, it will actually mount root from there instead)
How to restart a service?
I'm on manjaro, and xfce-panel crashed I guess since it disappeared and pressing the super key I get a messege from D-Bus about xfce panel have stopped working.
-- i forget exactly how to do the same with syslinux, but with grub, all that needs to be done is;# grub-install /dev/sdz
# grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
(where sdz is the new disk)
Actually, GNU programs are core to your system. The Linux kernel is a much smaller part of the operating system than the GNU programs. Every program and component of your operating system relies on them.
also, if you decide to copy the partitions without rebooting into a livecd, use "-x" with rsync, to ensure when you copy things like /, that you only copy what is actually on disk, and not anything mounted under it
I'm planning on turning an old laptop into a home seed box. It'll be a super minimal Debian install. What programs can I use to further minimise power usage and make it as light on the electricity bill (yes we pay for those here)?
it might be worth getting something like a raspberry pi for this purpose
but you could;
- use laptopmodetools
- change the cpu scheduler to "powersave" (pins cpu to lowest supported clock speed)
- disable the screen/backlight
- unless using the internal hdd for downloads, remove it and use a usb flash drive to run the os from
It might be more economical if you purchased a Raspberry Pi instead. A laptop would be fairly heavy, which you definitely do not want or need with a seedbox, especially when electricity use is your focus. A Raspberry Pi is extremely light and would be able to provide you with a good seedbox while keeping the power usage and form factor low. It's also extremely cheap to purchase.
Wow, I feel pretty dirty. Good thing there are BSD replacement utils and plenty of C libs like mussel etc. One day we'll have enough to rip every last piece of GNU trash out excluding the kernel.
found the alpine hipster/special snowflake
how long will it take until you realize that software released under BSD licenses are free software and that the reason for it is that rms personally asked them to release everything so they can benefit from each other? i hope you enjoy being cucked by apple.
Unfortunately not. The POSIX standards which every single program relies on to interface with GNU + Linux were founded by none other than Richard Stallman, the father of the free software movement.
>I have tried messing with GRUB-*TIMEOUT settings in /etc/default/grub. (No effect
/etc/default/grub is just a template that is read when creating the real grub.cfg that is in /boot/grub
Not sure about your distro but I'll assume it's Ubuntu, after you make changes in /etc/default/grub you must runsudo update-grub, this will read your preferences is /etc/default/grub and then generate a "real" grub.cfg
a really cool tool for discovering the right configurations is grub-customizer.
It is a graphical frontend to the config file and will show you a lot of the options you could be looking for.
I've been using xubuntu on my laptop for the past few days, but is there a way to up the saturation without the amd cataclyst? My graphics card is too old for it and everything looks really washed out
If you're okay with Ubuntu then sure. I actually used Ubuntu GNOME for a while until some crappy update messed up my nvidia drivers. The first two times it happened I just reinstalled but after that I ran away to Manjaro and haven't had any issues.
> fedora 23
> for some reason cannot copy photos off of ipod touch
It used to work, now it doesn't mount and ifuse saysFailed to connect to lockdownd service on the device.
Try again. If it still fails try rebooting your device.
I'm googling around trying to figure this one out but no luck so far.
>apple actually called it lockdownd(aemon)
>benefit from each other?
You mean so that the free software community can benefit, but obviously the open software community can't.
The open source community doesn't like RMS because he's a philosophy fag. Somewhat recently he reaffirmed his desire to continue to cripple GCC even though doing so directly prevented other software from improving. And now GCC is slowly getting left behind in the dust by clang.
People always defer to whats the easiest and whats the best, not whats politically or philosophically 'right'. Enjoy your dying ecosystem.
The only serious use modern GPL gets is as a barrier for commercial use. How sad and pathetic.
i don't think you know how the GPL works. the open source community does benefit from free software because all free software is also open source. not all open-source software is free software however.
Everyone benefits from free software as it keeps their freedom in-tact. Unfortunately, "open source" software and its community is not acceptable; it focuses on the collaborative effort of creating free software, but misses the entire point: freedom.
And Clang is definitely not even a competitor to GCC. Programs that Clang compiles don't even approach or near the speed of programs that are compiled with GCC.