The theory of quantum tunnelling derives mathematically the result that particles have a non-zero probability of passing through a barrier which in classical mechanics would be impassable. It predicts that particles can pass through walls.
Now a ball is clearly made out of particles. Therefore there has to be a non-zero probability that a ball can transition through a solid wall.
Why has this never been observed?
There have been hundreds of thousands of recorded sports matches with balls, but not even once did we see a ball transition through a wall. Not even when it was kicked with full force against the wall, i.e. should have more energy and thus a higher probability of passing through the wall.
Each particle has a non zero chance of passing through the wall yes and in fact on many occasions individual particles likely do and you could detect that with proper equipment but the entire ball moving through the wall would require every particle moving through the wall together at the same time.
That may or may not be possible but even if it is possible the chance of it happening would be so ridiculous that its not surprising at all that we haven't seen it even if you considered every ball ever thrown against a wall in all human history.
>muh if y is composed of x, y has the properties of x
Beta radiation can kill if ingested and is an electron
So can alpha radiation, and is neutrons and protons
Neutrons, electrons and protons make up all common materials
So, it *logically follows* eating edible food and drinking water will give you cancer and radiation burns
Wow, this logic thing is fun
>Why has this never been observed?
It DOES occur... ALL THE TIME... the problem is it is EXTREMELY unlikely to occur... you have a near zero probability of ever observing it occur... You have a near zero percent probability of ever observing someone you know winning the top prize in a lottery, BUT someone DOES win
we dont have a sample size big enough . the probability of the thing you're describing to happen is orders of magnitude lower then 1 in (number of particles in the observable universe. factorial)
shit even if all of observable space was tightly packed with balls hitting walls it wouldn't be a reasonable sample size to expect this kind of thing to happen .
billions of particles with a 0.0000000000000000000000000000001% chance of passing through a single layer of another particle apparently means that footballs should be frequently passing through matter? ;)
>But probably there is more at play that makes macroscopic quantum stuff impossible
No.. there is not.. it DOES occur.. just EXTREMELY infrequently
Modern computer chip manufacturers have to consider quantum effects when designing their chips.. quantum tunneling of electrons is a "big problem" for them
>small group of particles randomly observed "phasing" through solid objects
>Billions of particles all randomly don't experience the same effect
>Quantum mechanics debunked
A nucleus wont tunnel because it doesnt exhibit wave properties like an electron.
The probability is so low, that if a few of the electrons from a ball impacting a wall did manage to tunnel, it would only appear as an electron transference.
This. Transistors are getting so small that electrons will jump from one side of the transistor to the other, despite it being an open circuit because the transistor is only about 30 silicon atoms wide. I think the physical limit will be 10-12 atoms wide, which isnt far away
Yes quantum tunneling of electrons is very real I'm aware, that's not what I was talking about.
Is an electron macroscopic like a ball? Do you know if its possible to make a ball tunnel through a wall? Not just a few particles that likely happens all the time I mean the whole thing all at once.
It would have 0.0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001% prob so we dont see it
>A nucleus wont tunnel because it doesnt exhibit wave properties like an electron.
>what is alpha decay
for 300, Jim.
Wavelike behaviour has been observed even in small molecules.
The OP has been addressed more or less correctly, but I will add: the tunneling particle doesn't pass or phase through the barrier. It simply has a probability that it exists on the other side and the barrier acts as an observation which can select for this eventuality.
Every single time the ball hits the wall 'some of it' goes through the wall. The energy in the ball is transferred from the tunnelling particles to particles that are reflected back through the wall to the original ball.
>Why has this never been observed?
You aren't going to see a quantum effect like tunneling happening to a soccer ball. In theory it can happen but it would be an extremely low probability.
Quantum tunneling makes me think our universes positions is defined in something akin to floating point. What we observe is just the effects and there's no logical explanation for this shit from our point of view.
>Therefore there has to be a non-zero probability that a ball can transition through a solid wall.
non-zero doesnt mean that it ever happens, just that it could
also this effect is called QUANTUM tunnelling, not fucking huge ass things tunnelling