How do I learn theory? I only really know basic stuff.
I ordered the berklee book vol 1 but it doesn't go that deep. Does vol 2 go that much deeper?
And what do I do after that? I play guitar so I'd like to know all the different jazz chords, etc and how they're built, modes, etc. But I don't really do not know where to start.
this book is great
I teach in a music college.
Best way to learn theory is:
Step1:learn your scales+arpeggios+cycle of 5ths+key signatures
Step2:Study songs, from pop songs to Bach, try to see whats going on, what chord progressions are used etc.
Step3:Mimic these songs, try to add your own twist to them, even if its merely replacing 1 chord ia progression, its ''your'' contribution
Step4: Theory isnt' the be all and end all, you write good music by constantly writing music. You will be shit for a long time but you'll gradually progress
Modern Method for guitar is an excellent resource but it is limited.
Tbh the guitar itself is limited for learning theory.
Any serious musicians understand on a basic level at least how everything works on a keyboard.
I teach guitar,piano and composition and knowledge of the keyboard is essential to most good music writing.
modes are just major scales starting on a note other than the root:
Learn the c major scale and go nuts!!!!
Jazz Chords an their strange voicings are just refferring to what degress of a scale are included in a chord.
Heres a few examples:
C-D-E-F-G-A-B-C = CMAJOR SCALE
The C Major chord has the Root, 3rd and 5th from the C major scale
C MAJOR CHORD = C-E-G
C Major 7th adds the 7th degree (B)
CMaj7 = C-E-G-B
C9 adds the 9th degree ( There are ony 8 notes in a scale so you just count 9 from the root i.e D)
C9 = C-E-G-D
More complex chords are all built from this simple process
The sequence of intervals
(distance between notes is different)
When playing in a particular mode you also change the chordal emphasis.
e.g in Ionian mode many Pop songs use the I-IV-V-vi chords (C,F,G,Am)
In the Phrygian mode the i-iv-v-VI chords are (Em,Am,Bdim,Cmajor)
Try playing I-vi-IV-V in C Ionian then i-VI-iv-v E Phrygian
Also, try playing a simple tune to hear the different flavour of each mode (twinkle twinkle little star)
Ionian = C-C-G-G-A-A-G-F-F-E-E-D-D-C
Because saying "modes are just major scales starting on a note other than the root" is a shitty way of teaching.
The important part about modes is recognizing what the notable intervals/notes are. For instance, the Lydian mode is the fourth mode. We see it starts on F and that it varies from the major scale by only one note, a raised fourth degree. This is what gives the mode a certain sound or feel when you play chords from this mode.
I assume you know how to play the basic shape of a major scale. Now go back and play the notes in the C major scale but start on a different root note, progressively moving up the starting point on the neck each time. Then you should be able to see what differences there are between the major scale and the mode you're playing. Mixolydian and Lydian are good ones to start off with.