I read Catcher in the Rye recently and loved it. My favorite book this far and it made me want to start reading more.
I really identified with Holden. Is there any other books I would like with a similar main character or theme?
You might dig Joyce's 'A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man'. Also, read Salinger's 'Nine Stories', it is so much better than 'Catcher in the Rye' and involves similar dilemmas and characters, e.g. 'Teddy'.
I liked it a lot when I read it, but now I think it was forced and mostly to fit in with the cool kids. Doesn't mean there isn't merit to it, the theme is good, the title and Holden's dream of being that catcher in the field of rye protecting innocent children from the perils and "phoneyness" of adulthood is pretty neat. But the story is lacking, it is one long whine of an entitled middle class New York kid.
Another reason could be that this book pretty much invented the cliches that now we've come to associate as trite in teenage novels. Can't fault Salinger for being too successful and having a million mediocres run his theme to the ground. So the answer to OP's question - practically every teenage fiction has some element of the TCITR. Even YA. From Twilight to Hunger game to teenage romances to the Breakfast Club movie to..