That's just a simplification to the point of absurdity. How could Marcus Aurelius be Emperor of Rome?
Being a stoic doesn't mean you can't aim to improve yourself or achieve something in the real world.
Existentialism. Not bullshit fedora existentialism, but existentialism based on the writings of the existentialists.
You're responsible for your actions. Whatever you do, it's up to you, and you always have a choice, so make sure you're choosing well. Even if you are stuck in bad situation, you still have choices. Be conscious of your choices.
pragmatism is the only right answer. it's the only philosophy that allows you to appropriate whatever you find useful in every other philosophy (except for maybe sterner?)
The philosophy of the too-busy-to-care labourer
Seriously, the most practical thing you can do is forget about philosophical enquiry altogether, stop living in your mom's basement and get a job you fucking bums
>but the whole point is pragmatism can USE stoicism
philosophies are not religions, a person that says "I am a stoic, I am a pragmatic, cynic, hedonist, etc." is only just one.. an idiot.
pragmatism as any other philosophy is just common sense, made into a definition. a philosophy does not 'use' another, labeling an idea exclusively to a school of thought is considered religion more than it could be considered philosophy.
stoicism take's it's own premises on psychology and the nature of the universe seriously
a pragmatist would "use" stoicism for it's practical value, regardless of whether it's assertions are true. if you practice stoicism but do not believe it you are by definition a pragmatist
OP that's a dumb question.
Start with the greeks (Plato, Aristotle) and then work your way up, you will understand what philosophy is about.
Philosophy isn't about picking one and following it blindly. It's about becoming wise and understanding things.
I was simplifying for OP's sake, but i still stand by my assertion.
You can't just read some modern philosophy and use it as a quasi religion.
If OP is interested in philosophy he shouldn't half ass it by skipping 90% of it, and going straight to the "most practical" thing.
Also you could still say philosophy is about understanding things.
Such as ethics, politics, logic...
By better understanding of these concepts you can guide yourself to any end, thus making understanding practical.
I'm sorry if this is a bit hard to read, english isn't my first language.
people will try and tell you different because people like to seem special and well-educated, but these are the only ones you need, and most likely the only that you will ever apply.