I just read Mme Bovary from Flaubert and I was wondering why would critics qualify it as one of the first modern book
pic related considered as the father of modern art
What's the signification of those claims?
I'm too ineloquent to tell you, but I can tell you that the answer to that is in Milan Kundera's "The Curtain".
"The Curtain is a collection of essays by Czech novelist Milan Kundera, author of L’Insoutenable légèreté de l’être (1984; The Unbearable Lightness of Being, 1984). The seven essays have a stream-of-consciousness quality. For instance, Kundera may begin with an observation, find a parallel between that and some incident from his past, consider how that incident reminds him of a moment in Gustave Flaubert’s Madame Bovary (1857), draw a connection between Flaubert and Miguel de Cervantes, and so on. The Curtain reads less like a textbook than a lecture on such a book, taking ideas and then expounding and digressing. A familiarity with the subject matter at hand (François Rabelais, Gabriel García Márquez, and others) is recommended. ...
... The third essay relates how Flaubert was criticized by one of his contemporaries for not writing a more uplifting story. Painters or musicians can be commissioned by the Church or wealthy patrons to produce a work of art that furthers some particular agenda, and they can still produce something of genuine artistic value, but literature does not work that way. A novel must be an honest portrayal of the way people act and think, whether that shows them to be moral or not. This exploration of the human condition occurred in literature decades before existentialism took hold in philosophy and in fact laid the groundwork for that strand of philosophy."
Thanks i'll try to find the curtain then, I've already read a few of kundera's books and appreciated them quite much but I didn't know he wrote essays. I wouldn't really read him as a theorical thinker though, more like philosophical and funny digressions
It's commonly accepted that the impressionnist are the beginning of modern art but a lot of critics list Velasquez as the precursor of modernism
Dusclaimer: talking about painting here.
Note that there is a difference between "modernity" and "modernism". The latter is usually said to start with the impressionists, Manet's 1863 dejeuner sur l'herbe in particular (although there is no agreement on this, cases have been made for works by, most notably, Millais and even David, for example). The former denotes not only a historical artistic period, but a set of general values and ideas that arose since the renaissance. It is characterised by a rejection of tradition and innovation, and the first person that could be said to have accomplished this and completely done away with medieval values, is supposedly Velázquez. Of course, there is no agreement on that either. It is understandable, though, when you read a commentary on Las Meninas.
Modernism is usually seen as a part of modernity, so if Velázquez is the father of modernity the claim of him being the father of modern art in general is quickly made.
I guess it could be seen as the climax of modernity, when the ideas that had been forming become sophisticated and widespread enough to be applied to politics and artistic avant garde. This is a process that begins roughly with the french revolution. People became aware of the progress that was possible in all fields, leading to widespread political, economical and artistic experimentation. It is what allowed Manet, Marx, Nietzsche, Freud, Malevich, Picasso, Duchamp, Hitler, etc to happen.
Fucking plebs not knowing about what defines classical art.
Northern classical art did not focus on the infinite space, which is where the great divide started with classical and neo classical. Also unlike the art of Flanders it's not completely saturated in allusions to God or contemporary celebrities. The act of rebellion that inspired this piece should solidity this as the father of modern art.
i had a one night stand with a girl who said of all literary characters she was most like madame bovary. i haven't read it, what did she mean by this?
pic unrelated sadly
How was the sex?
I guess she should be needy and passionate identifying as bovary