"Accordingly, the necessity of all that happens, in other words, of everything successively occurring in time, a necessity that is revealed to us by means of the chain of causes and effects, is merely the way in which we perceive under the form of time that which exists uniformly and unaltered. Or again, this necessity is the impossibility that what exists is yet not identical with itself, on and unalterable, although we recognize it today as future, tomorrow as present, and the day after tomorrow as past. In the fitness and appropriateness of the organism, there is revealed the unity of the will that objectifies itself in it; and yet such unity is perceived in our apprehension (that is tied to space) as a plurality of parts and their conformity to a purpose. (See 'On the Will in Nature: Comparative Anatomy'.) In the same way, the necessity of all that happens which is brought about through the causal chain, re-establishes the unity of the essence-in-itself that is objectified in all such events. This unity, however, is perceived in our apprehension (that is tied to time) as a succession of states and thus as past, present, and future; whereas the essence-in-itself does not know all this, but exists in the 'Nunc stans' ['Permanent now']."
- Parerga and Paralipomena, "Ideas concerning the Intellect generally and in all Respects," Section 29
The Buddha did not teach any of the possible delineations of a self or non-delineations of a self - he actively disparaged such ideas as leading to future rebirths and not conducive to the path inclining to Nibbana:
>>7621943 The best intro to Buddhism, real Buddhism, not the Buddhism that's fancy words on a page, is taking the five precepts and making them + practicing generosity the most important part of your life.
Buddhism is very practical, because you can't know anything unless you experience it. You can't know the taste of oranges until you taste your first orange and you can't know the taste of Dhamma until you have experienced the letting go that comes through moral conduct of the five precepts.
You can look up talks from Ajahn Brahm also, for a very jovial practical level Buddhism. Very popular guy and a sweet and lovely man, his talks are widely available on YouTube
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