Not enough arty support; Haig had been forced into supporting the French attack with a good portion of his guns.
Comms and timing problems: the Newfoundlanders started late, and wound up crossing over their own trench lines instead of taking the long way round by staying in the trenches; they were skylined for the Germans, some of whom sat on top of their parapets and shot them like so many grouse. (This was at Beaumont-Hamel, Y Ravine).
>>679264 >Haig had been forced into supporting the French attack with a good portion of his guns. Has he? The French had roughly the same number of guns as the British (1500 give or take) AND more heavy guns than them AND better crews AND better ammunition AND better observers (and better observing positions) at the Somme - I suspect a big part in their unqualified success in the opening stages of the battle - remember that despit the lack of traction north of the river by the British the French had mane great and steady gains and in the end the outcome of the entire campaign while not decisive by any means did favor the allies.
It was a major step on the learning curve towards victory. Although infantry tactics were pretty detailed, the battlefield was dominated by artillery. Britain lacked the necessary war industry to produce both the guns and ammunition necessary for a successful attack. Also the use of artillery as anything but a prelim bombardment was severely limited.
Another problem was the lack of communication once the men "went over the top". Difficult to analyse the progress of a battle when you can't communicate with your frontline troops.
It was a brutal experience for the British Army, which at this point was mostly composed of Kitchener's Army, raw recruits with little to no actual training who were expected to make a breakthrough against battle-hardened regular German infantry divisions.
>During the Battle of the Somme German forces suffered 537,919 casualties, of which 338,011 losses were inflicted by the French and 199,908 losses by the British. In turn German forces inflicted 794,238 casualties on the Entente.
It makes it more depressing when the majority of casualties were British, at around ~400k. It was a slaughter for the Brits, reading about the Somme makes me feel so sad for the waves of young British kids who were just fucking shredded to pieces.
The Brits shelled the Krauts with 250,000 rounds and the moment the Brits stopped, the Germans came out of their well prepared trenches with minimum casualties and only gave 20 odd divisions several kilometers.
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