EU aside, what was the most successful attemp at unifyng Europe?
Another proposed match was Charlemagne and Irene.
The closest Byzantium and the HRE got to being united was when Zoe went to Italy to marry Otto III. The Byzantine emperor was her uncle and he was celibate, her father was the heir to the empire but he only had daughters and she was the eldest, so the child she had with Otto III would have been the heir to both empires. Otto died before the marriage could go through. Who knows what Basil II was thinking when he arranged that marriage, he was terrible at securing the succession.
His territorial reforms lead the way for the unifications of Germany and Italy
Given enough time, he could have created an European nation
Charlemagne and Napoleon really.
Between those two guys (so say 1000 years) no one succeeded in even temporarily doing the same due to others ganging up on the most powerful guy.
Which is what happened to Napoleon too.
He's got something of a point in that Romans didn't set as much store by territorial borders/lines on a map as modern nation states do, but even then that has nothing to do with the OP's question. It was fucking Rome, OP. Who gives a fuck about borders? Find me one other state in all of history that has ruled as much of Europe as the Roman Empire and I'll admit there might be a contest, but you can't do it.
>Romans didn't set as much store by territorial borders/lines on a map as modern nation states do
They didn't? Then why did they use to mark borders between provinces on all crossing roman roads? Why was the concept of jurisdiction so prevalent in their legal code? What do modern nations do more than the romans to give more store to borders?
That's more of a thing of ancient civilisations. The idea of very clear delineated borders is relatively modern. But also they did have many actual boarders ie things like the Rhine and Danube and Harridans wall,
>ancient finnic empire
This is the stuff they don't teach you in history class.
>tfw Napoleon was never able to wage war against the Turks, retake Constantinople, and spread the Enlightenment to the muslim world
>tfw the Anglos did this