>It particularly devastated Paraguay, which suffered catastrophic losses in population—some claim that almost 70% of its adult male population died—and was forced to cede territory to Argentina and Brazil.
Is this legit?
It was a smaller country with a smaller population to begin with, then decided to go to war against Uruguay, Brazil, and Argentina all at the same time, and required complete occupation to end the war.
That's only 70% of the adult male population: women and children weren't hit as hard, so you're probably "only" talking about half of the population eliminated.
There were worse conflicts, like Three Kingdoms China, which saw an overall population decline from 55.4 million to about 16.1 million.
IIRC, it was over one political regime replacing another in Uruguay, and Paraguay wanted to reinstate the exiled government, but Argentina supported the current Uruguayan regime so they declared war to defend them. Later on Brazil got rope in somehow.
>There were worse conflicts, like Three Kingdoms China, which saw an overall population decline from 55.4 million to about 16.1 million.
>55.4 million to about 16.1 million.
No fucking way. I need to see some proof for those numbers.
Pretty sure that's languishing behind a paywall now with all the rest of his best work.
Solano López absolutely refused to surrender. Paraguayan forces were defeated quickly, but long after defeat was inevitable, he kept fighting and evading the Brazilian army, for years.
The constant fighting and fleeing, with both armies with poor logistical capabilities living off the land, took its expected tool on the civilian population. By the end of the war, kids were being conscripted into the Paraguayan army.
The war only ended after Solano Lopez was killed in battle, his army consisting of children and moribund men who could barely fight.