Interesting theologically. Egypt and most of the Levant split from the churches of Rome and Constantinople after Chalcedon in 451 and there were some pretty grim civil wars between the Orthodox Byzantines and non-Chalcedonian Levantines/Egyptians.
I think the Coptic Church has only very recently (last year) agreed to re-enter communion with the Orthodox church after 1500 years of schism.
The discord is a key reason why invading Islamic armies were able to expand so quickly.
>>523125 Yeah, it was basically all a product of using two different definitions of "nature", and so the Chalcedonians thought the non-Chalcedonians were advocating monophysiticism (that is, the doctrine that Christ is only divine), and the non-Chalcedonians thought the Chalcedonians were advocating Nestorianism (that is, the belief that Christ's divinity and humanity were distinct). In actually, both partisans thought Christ was fully human and fully divine, semantics over one nature or two natures confused it all.
However, it was not as violent as under Muslims. Or I should say, compared to the Muslim wars. Muslims were not really bloodthirsty rulers (unless you refused to convert or pay the tax), but they did expand primarily through conquest. On the other hand, they gave the non-Chalcedonians a lot of insulation from the Chalcedonains, which allowed the icon friendly theologians to go their and write their arguments without being persecuted by the iconoclasts, hundreds of years later.
>Jesus never ever tried to be a warlord nor was he taught as such you mean he was never MADE to be a warlord. Nor was he inteded to be interpreted as one. Yeah I think the Romans intended that for a reason...
>>523313 >Look up the Byzantine Empire. Also it was far less bloody than the West, so I have no idea wtf the "bloody" man is on about.
Why not look up the Byzantine Empire and realize the "bloody" man is talking about the tens of thousands dead from the series of religious riots that swept through the Eastern Mediterranean. Let's not also forget the period Sassanid invasions which got very bloody, flattened major cities, with the last one a catastrophe for all involved.
Oh yeah, and one of the most devastating plagues in history that wiped out tens of millions.
>>523403 I think he meant that the rivalry between churches wasn't as violent under Muslim rule because the Arabs had no interest in taking sides nor any tolerance for armed bands fighting other armed bands in the streets over non-Muslim theology they couldn't care less about.
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