Why did the Irish never fully integrate into the United Kingdom as the Welsh and Scots did?
As soon as the Irish conquest was made official by Henry VIII in the 1530s, there seems to have been a major revolt against British rule every generation up until today.
Why is it that no combination of carrot and stick could ever subdue this chafing under British rule?
The Church opposed Irish nationalism at every stage.
They excommunicated the United Irishmen and later the Fenian Brotherhood. They also strongly condemned the 1916 rising and sided with Britain in the War of Independence.
The notion that Irish rebellion were spurred on by raving preachers from the pulpit is quite wrong. The opposite was true.
It doesn't matter. Being staunchly Catholic is enough to highlight a unique identity in juxtaposition with protestant Britain. The Scots had independence movements too, but that pretty much ended because of dynastical ties.
The Scots largely Calvinist during the reformation though, and Calvinism is far more distinct from Anglicanism than Catholicism is.
Religious identity clearly isn't the dominant factor here.
Has nothing to do with it. National identities are more often than not formed in opposition to another: in this case, Catholicism was a key symbol representing the difference between the British and Irish
It also works both ways as it in turn was in turn justify the questionable treatment of the natives by the Protestant elites
This line of argument is almost racialist in it's character.
The unspoken premise here is that the Irish are too stupid or primitive to have their own nationalist, cultural aspirations, and were simply taking orders from Rome.
Nobody says that the French revolution was nothing more than a Protestant revolt against Catholic monarchism, or that the Yugoslav conflict of the 1990s was simply three religious groups duking it out, with no historical or cultural background to such a conflict.
>The unspoken premise here is that the Irish are too stupid or primitive to have their own nationalist, cultural aspirations, and were simply taking orders from Rome.
lol what the fuck? I'm just saying Roman Catholicism was a cornerstone for Irish identity just as much as Protestantism galvanised the formation of an English identity
It's indisputable to argue that if the Reformation had extended to Ireland then its relations with Britain would have been markedly different
>Roman Catholicism was a cornerstone for Irish identity just as much as Protestantism galvanized the formation of an English identity
This is a fairly lazy analysis.
>religion is the most obvious difference I can see between the Irish and British, therefore it MUST be the cause of the conflict between the two