>>521188 Its not that unique, there are words for those things that open fairly often when the central government is very small or somehow fails, they are slum villages or shanty towns in english and many other cultures have words for them.
What makes Kowloon Walled City unique is: nobody owns it.
The Walled City is named so because of a fortress that once stood there. When the British extended the territory of their Hong Kong colony, the cunts who didnt want to be British gathered there and formed a militia. Making it a hardpoint of Qing Dynasty's rule in an area that is technically british.
Well, the Qing Dynasty fell and Kowloon found itself in a weird position of not having a government and a law. De Jure they were owned by British Hong Kong but the militias made the place so dangerous they dared not touch it.
Kowloon therefore became a study in anarchy as it had no government, no legal system, and is pretty much an entity of its own. Since people who live there are de Jure under Britain, they can work in Hong Kong. But if they get into trouble there, all they need to do is cross over to Kowloon as once they do, British Legal Jurisdiction is rendered moot in a territory they have no full control off.
What ballooned it into the Cyberpunk Dystopian City that it looked like was the wars in Mainland China. Basically people who wanted to be refugees in Hong Kong -but are turned away by the Hong Kong government- can live in Kowloon and by doing so, able to work in Hong Kong.
Furthermore Kowloon is probably the last Chinese entity to be run in a traditional manner. When Chinese dynasties fall, villages and towns often either fall in with a local warlord or fort up, with the "laws" run by village strongmen or gangs. The latter is what happened to Kowloon as the criminal gangs there alongside business groups that resembled medieval guilds were the real peacekeepers in the area, not the Hong Kong Police. Though there is no government in there, the gangs and guilds brokers of influence who have the resources to head out of the city and ask municipal government for shit like water & power infrastructure and other projects.
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