Previously on: >>52940905
Intended for users of all levels, including absolute beginners.
There are four ways to try Linux, you can:
1) Install a Linux OS on a VM (Virtual Machine/VirtualBox) for "safety purposes"
2) Use the Live ISO directly without installing anything, that way, you can get a "full Linux experience".
3) Dual-boot Linux with Windows/Mac (recommended if you want to learn more about Linux)
4) Go balls deep and overwrite everything with Linux (not recommended)
Before asking, please search for answers to your questions in resources.
Please be civil, notice the "Friendly" in every Friendly Linux Thread.
Understand that much of your software from Windows will be unavailable, although maybe wine can make up for it.
man <insert command here>
your friendly neighborhood search engine
What is Linux (or GNU/Linux for Stallmanists)?
Various helpful Linux pages from your friends at /g/
Check out this page for any updates on the OP
>not loving the redhaired qt
this, my personal computer related personalities are:
and pic related
Currently in uni and our prof has given us the choice of running any linux distro on a removable hard-drive or laptop, most of the class runs centOS on hard drives as a standard and I do too.
I decided to get a laptop just for convenience and because some of the removable bays in the class dont work, and was wondering what distro I should run on it. I'm thinking about dual booting, might also change the OS on the hard drive too if you guys have any suggestions. I have laptop specs and I'll post them in a minute.
Guys, since when was the installation of deluge-web so much hassle?
I don't think I had to write my own init.d scripts the last time I did it. But now everywhere I look on the web, people are writing init.d scripts. Weird.
(I had to reinstall Debian because I fucked up a bunch of dependency and broke apt quite badly)
Well, you're using centos in classes.
centos is based on rhel.
and rhel is based on fedora.
You'll get a very "consistent" experience.
The only difference will be the package versions (obviously) and the fact that since F21 Fedora uses dnf instead of yum.
But both yum and dnf command syntax stays the same
gives you the same result asyum upgrade
but is a lot faster.
But that's just how I'd do it.
Not to mention that with Fedora you get access to all rpm development tools like rpmbuild which makes development for epel easy as fuck
This is now a Linux girl thread.
I know the Linux chics as a community is pretty big, so here is a link.
>LinuxChix is a community for women who like Linux and Free Software, and for women and men who want to support women in computing.
Also here is one for debian.
All hail our savior Joanna Rutkowska, developer of QubesOS and protector of privacy!
Reminder that *BSD is crap, and the license shit.
I am trying to use Pitivi to edit a short video I took with my phone, and I am trying to use the 'squareblur' effect to blur out my license plate. It says it it a resizable square blur, but I can't figure out how to use it. Anyone know?
mint or an ubuntu fork (regular ubuntu is spyware) if you wanna start out easy but if you really want to learn how to use the command line you could try installing arch. even if you dont actually use it it helps you get familiar with the command line
I'm trying to build ahoviewer but it appears I'm missing EGL/usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lEGLdespite having all of these installed$ dpkg-query -l | grep egl
ii freeglut3:amd64 2.8.1-2 amd64 OpenGL Utility Toolkit
ii freeglut3-dev:amd64 2.8.1-2 amd64 OpenGL Utility Toolkit development files
ii gegl 0.3.4-1+b1 amd64 Generic Graphics Library Test Program
ii libegl1-mesa:amd64 11.1.1-2 amd64 free implementation of the EGL API -- runtime
ii libegl1-mesa-dev:amd64 11.1.1-2 amd64 free implementation of the EGL API -- development files
rc libgegl-0.2-0:amd64 0.2.0-7+b1 amd64 Generic Graphics Library
ii libgegl-0.3-0:amd64 0.3.4-1+b1 amd64 Generic Graphics Library
ii libgegl-dev:amd64 0.3.4-1+b1 amd64 Generic Graphics Library (development files)
ii libva-egl1:amd64 1.6.2-1 amd64 Video Acceleration (VA) API for Linux -- EGL runtime
ii libwayland-egl1-mesa:amd64 11.1.1-2 amd64 implementation of the Wayland EGL platform -- runtime
What gives? I would have to link it, no? There's loads of them on /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu.
it's only in sid compile it from source.
it's better than recommending them mint or buntu. most people need non-free microcode unfortunately.
>plug in USB device
>nothing shows up in dmesg
>nothing in lsusb, either
>nor is there any new entries in /dev
Where do I begin troubleshooting this? The device is definately recieving power, and I've modprobe'd all of the relevant modules.
hi guys, i installed arch, installed grub and after i booted into it, i got an error from grub "no video mode found, starting blind mode"
and then it just started fine, but it annoyed it so i looked it up and found how to fix it on archwiki : https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/GRUB, under "No suitable mode found" error,
i did it and the error stopped popping up, actually no errors at all! but still no graphical boot, nothing! it just blindly boots it i want to see the graphical boot, i know it's dumb but i want it.
btw i am dual booting fedora and it does give me a graphical boot on it, so i'm clueless.
I recently installed Ubuntu 15.10 on my laptop and partitioned my disk space since it wasn't recognizing my OS (Windows 10). After installation and restarting I can no longer access Win10. It says that boot failed.
In order to run the Ubuntu disc I had to change the boot settings from UEFI to Legacy and disable Safe Boot and Fast Boot.
Any way I can repair or access Windows 10 again and make it dual-boot? I have a Windows 10 repair disc backup but it isn't recognized on restart.
How do I fix transmission?
It's like it doesn't have internet access...
has the botnet gone too far?
This is a literal fresh install of Mint, why does it come with vulnerabilities OOTB?
Maybe you have special rule for localhost. Try with https://www.grc.com/x/ne.dll?bh0bkyd2
I put a rule on my firewall to allow all the packets coming from lo interface.
Please show me the output AS ROOT of
Mint doesn't have a reputation of a secure distribution.
Despite being based on Ubuntu (which is pretty much hardened debian) it has dumbed down security.
As an example, mint doesn't come with app armour profile despite the fact that Ubuntu has it by default
They added a search bar that lets you search your filesystem and the web, kind of like what Windows 10 has.
Their web function used the Amazon search engine, and sent your search terms to Amazon and Canonical.
>Do you want to get your ass kicked, boy?
What the fuck did you just fucking say about me, you little bitch? I’ll have you know I graduated top of my class in the Navy Seals, and I’ve been involved in numerous secret raids on Al-Quaeda, and I have over 300 confirmed kills. I am trained in gorilla warfare and I’m the top sniper in the entire US armed forces. You are nothing to me but just another target. I will wipe you the fuck out with precision the likes of which has never been seen before on this Earth, mark my fucking words. You think you can get away with saying that shit to me over the Internet? Think again, fucker. As we speak I am contacting my secret network of spies across the USA and your IP is being traced right now so you better prepare for the storm, maggot. The storm that wipes out the pathetic little thing you call your life. You’re fucking dead, kid. I can be anywhere, anytime, and I can kill you in over seven hundred ways, and that’s just with my bare hands. Not only am I extensively trained in unarmed combat, but I have access to the entire arsenal of the United States Marine Corps and I will use it to its full extent to wipe your miserable ass off the face of the continent, you little shit. If only you could have known what unholy retribution your little “clever” comment was about to bring down upon you, maybe you would have held your fucking tongue. But you couldn’t, you didn’t, and now you’re paying the price, you goddamn idiot. I will shit fury all over you and you will drown in it. You’re fucking dead, kiddo.
None and none.
Can I just uninstall Samba and be done with it? It shouldn't really matter unless I want to publish my laptop as a samba server, right?
I don't really want it to be uber-locked down, I just want to avoid a skiddie with metasploit to do exploit some shitty samba hole in my system.
It's more secure by default/comes with more security features by default than a default debian installation.
You could've just googled instead of acting surprised.
Debian is a distribution aimed at people who know how to secure their own computer.
Please don't tell me you were convinced debian is some kind of ultimate distro that does everything right.
I'm using wicd-gtk to try to connect to wireless networks at my university, but every time it gets through the authentication and tries to obtain an IP address, it fails to get one. I've tried every option/encryption. It connects fine when I'm on my windows partition though. Sometimes wicd doesn't even detect ANY of the networks there even though there are literally dozens of them in the area. On my home network, it works fine 24/7.
Should I just throw away wicd and use something else? If so, any recommendations? I'm using a thinkpad x220.
Thanks for the reply.
I had trouble with it last year and switched to wicd which turned out to be fine. It's not working this year though for some reason. I guess I'll try that again. Any other recommendations in case that doesn't work?
Fedora and any Ubuntu flavor are easy to learn.
Do not use vanilla Ubuntu, Canonical are in bed with Amazon and are starting to exploit their userbase.
*Buntus are the most popular distribution, and very well supported, with lots of users, so any question you might have is probably already answered somewhere on the forums. Its default repositories are quite extensive and up-to-date.
Fedora is upstream RHEL, and Red Hat is pretty much the industry standard in Linux, and Fedora has similar levels of support and userbase to the *Buntus. It has the benefit of being quite up-to-date and adopting new software early (fedora 24 will use Wayland instead of X by default). It's also more dedicated to Free Software, hence its default repository being small, though rpmfusion will solve this.
Ultimately most solutions you'll find are more or less interchangeable between the two; the only major difference is how close to upstream you want and which package manager you want.
Personally, I think RPM (Fedora) is better than APT (Ubuntu), but people have passionate opinions about it and I'd rather not start a flame war.
Welcome to Linux.
Stay with mint and keep using terminal. Install terminal apps that are alternatives to GUI software you use - getting used to touch, ls, less, nano, cd, mkdir, mv, cp, scp are all good things to get used to. Try out codecademy, they have a bretty good terminal tutorial.
I'm working with my I3 setup and I wanted to include a startup sound, just because.
Right now, I set my .i3/config to execute mpg123 and play the sound on I3 session start.
So it looks like this:
<exec mpg123 ~/.startupsound>
Does anybody have a less hacky way of doing this?
I am looking for a pokemon eqsue engine.
I dont agree with unity's license, like wise to unreal
Does anyone else have a suggestion?
I check the wikipedia list but unless im a retard, there were no engines that could support the game type
At what amount of RAM does it become unnecessary to stick to the 2x rule for the swap size? Or are the claims that the 2x rule isn't always necessary themselves untrue?
For reference, this laptop which will soon have Mint on it has 8GB, and I don't recall a single time where my activities managed to reach the limit on that.
Is this a good book for starters, the authors advice is using RHEL/Fedora as the go to distro? Started reading it, seems like a good read.
I have 8GB of RAM and don't have any swap at all. I think it's unnecessary past 4GB or so.
The only exception is if you want to use hibernate. Then you will need swap at least equal to your RAM.
Huh. I hadn't thought about that. I always remember MPV opening up a blank window whenever I played MP3 files, but maybe I was thinking of VLC. Who knows?
Thanks for the help, all of you. :^)
I have this sitting next to me. I can't speak too much to whether it's good for starter's since I was already somewhat experienced when I got it, but I can say it has great information about how to complete certain tasks such as setting up NFS. Even though it focuses on RHEL/Fedora for examples, it gives good general information that you can apply to whichever distro you choose.
Any experience *ubuntu users, I have a question for you:
A few seconds ago I was experiencing a jerky mouse - I use a wireless logitech, it just moved on it's own back and forth, like 2 mm.
Then I touched my touchpad, and now it's normal again.
I searched online and people had experienced similar issues, but couldn't find a similar scenario to mine.
It's probably the mouse and not my (l)ubuntu, right
Thanks bros, I got the 9th edition. Seems really informative and gives a nice start point for people to get comfy with the terminal.
The only mistake is that I ordered it from amazon uk and didnt see that the seller was in India. The quality is a bit shit because of that.
I've been reading up on the "Easy Linux tips project" page linked above and it states that hibernate is ill-advised to use. If that is the case then I might just avoid it. (Unless the info on that page is incorrect, or perhaps just outdated.) Wouldn't mind having those 8GB freed up, either way.
Transmission is lightweight and can be used as daemon by downloading transmission-daemon and transmission-cli or transmission-remote, last which can be give you remote access.
Deluge has a ton of plugins but also weights a ton.
rTorrent is pretty.
I prefer Transmission.
I'm running centos 7 and systemDicks is failing to mount my btrfs drive on boot. It kicks me to an emergency prompt where I can login and then run mount and mount it and then type systemctl default where it marchs forth just fine.
I entered nofail in the fstab entry where itll boot just fine while still failing to mounting the drive. Problem is I'm going to use it as a personal mail server and I need the mount to come back up in order to access emails without needing to fuck with it.
I gave up on Pitivi after trying to use it for a half hour. It just kept crashing.
So I installed Blender and have been trying to blur my license plate for the last six goddamn hours.
I followed this guide exactly (so many times I have lost count): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_06cWLUZ_Bg
No matter what I do I can't get the mask I make to show up in my video. I outline the license plate through 60 frames, then add the mask and blur, but it doesn't do anything. Or it does, but it's in the wrong spot on the video.
I don't know. Does anyone know of a better guide?
>for the last six goddamn hours.
In the same time you could do a quick and dirty installation of whatever Windows video editing software in a virtual machine and call it a day.
Hell even the trial version of Lightworks would work.
"foss" video editing for linux is pure garbage as of 2016. Get used to it.
>want to be able to redshift + lower brightness for night
>install ATI Proprietary driver
>amdcccle - the program i used prior to change brightness/contract/etc - does not exist either not part of it or different program
my screen is so bright
if i can't fix this in the next hour ill probably boot back to windows and try again tommorow
I figured it out after some deep google searching
It was a multi disk mount and required in the fstab options
I grabbed the uuid from btrfs filesystem show /dev/device
UUID=blah /mountpoint btrfs someoptions,device=/dev/device1,device=/dev/device2
How ever I have three devices being used but one of them was causing an issue when trying to mount complaining about a bad super block. I removed it from the fstab options and it worked correctly.
SystemDicks didn't report anything useful making troubleshooting this issue a pain in the ass
oh nevermind, seems -B works now
Linux breaks horribly and explodes whenever working with amd drivers, i got off the slow as fuck open source ones and i'm not touching it beyond that
plus it looks like i dont have to since redshift's brightness feature is functional
Finally got league of legends working in wine at a decent framerate. Don't see a reason now to boot into Windows for a long time.
At what point did you realize you could do all your computing on a POSIX OS, /flt/?
Eh, AMD having garbage support on linux is not a new thing.
If you're planning a build for Linux the best advice i can give is either Intel's iris pro (if you're not gayming) or a recent nvidia gpu, driver quality is miles ahead of AMD.
>plus it looks like i dont have to since redshift's brightness feature is functional
Glad you got it working
I mean this is fucking retarded. I have 61 frames where I have a rectangle drawn for the mask. But when I apply the mask to the video it just blurs this fixed thin sliver in the upper right corner. I just don't fucking get it. I am obviously missing something somewhere, but I just don't see it.
Here's a screenshot of the Blender screen. I pixelated out the digits/letters with gimp. You can see the blur covering the last half of 'Wisconsin' in the preview on the right. It just will not cover the digits/letters that I have selected on the left.
Anyone see anything wrong?
If I can't get this to work tonight I am going to pirate premier or something and install it on my Windows 10 VM.
Try learning git if you haven't. Start uploading any code you write onto it. Bitbucket offers free private repositories if you're scared of people seeing your stuff. I recommend also learning C if you don't already know it along with any text editor that requires usage of the terminal. Just programming in C and working with git should you get you extremely comfortable with the terminal. Just don't use your file manager and work exclusively from the terminal. Maybe go through K&R and upload all the exercises you finish.
If you already know git and C, you're probably an experienced enough use to try a different distro.
This is the Linux thread, not the Android thread. Linux has "programs", not "apps".
Anyway. .tgz is just a package. Extract it and see what's inside, probably some./configurewill do the trick.
sudo make install
I'm not that guy, but is there a way to reverse "make install" ie. uninstall programs not installed via package manager? Or does make install only install in the current directory, so you can just rm -rf it?
>install ATI Proprietary driver
not worth it, use the open driver and only use the nonfree microcode.
i don't think windows is worth the space but i think you can give it 40gb or so, you got plenty.
That's how I have it. I gave linux about 50 GBs since there's not really anything to install on it that takes up a lot of space. It's just on my laptop though. Any big files are on my PC/Cloud. I gave windows all the space because windows programs tend to be bloated as fuck while my linux install is pretty minimal.
I divided my 120GB SSD between Win7 and Arch Linux. Win7 takes about 36GB with nothing but basic drivers installed. Arch takes less than 10GB with 1230 packages installed (/var and /home are mounted on a HDD). So yeah, I'd say you're good.
I'd like to try out a distro with a port system. I tried freeBSD but I couldn't figure out why vlc has a black screen for video or how to make my sound card work.
I'd like to try Arch out, but I'm having trouble setting up a rootfs that is both mirrored and encrypted.
I've already attempted about 4 times, and I think I might be able to get it to work with mdadm, dmcrypt, and MBR.
I'm really interested in trying out btrfs, however grub's kernel argument cryptdevice only seems to take a single drive for an argument, so I'm not sure how I'd be able to decrypt both drives for btrfs to mount proper.
Has anyone done this?
I want to make a game that is basically the orginal pokemon game engine.
The 16/32bit graphics with a simple combat system etc.
Im no where near capable of writing an engine and i had a idea for a game.
There, blurred out my tabs from the screenshot of my instructions to you in blender.
They will remove it. In Unity 8. The Mir shell.
But it can be disabled, that's correct.
They should have just put it in its own scope by default, however. Not in global search. I never want to search for stuff on Amazon from my Start Menu-equivalent.
trying to get pci passthrough working with virtualbox, windows guest boots but stops partway into loading
I haven't read through the log yet, so I'm posting it here in case someone has a solution
All you really need is something to draw graphics to the screen right? Pygame would work fine for that. You just tell it what to draw and just deal with mechanics. Or if you want more of a framework maybe gamemaker or something like that.
I love arch, but don't use it for your first distro. You're going to have to learn too much too fast to even get it working. Play around with mint and other beginner distros first.
It would need more then just graphics,it would need basic algebra to calculate stats etc.
Gamemaker dosent support linux unless you pay them, and i dont agree with their licensing terms
The wiki hand holds you through the install process,plus you learn how to control the basic functions of the system. Not only that but you're in the cli the entire time and you get accustomed to it where the other gui installers are just well here you go you have linux now bye
An you're none the wiser on the core system or how to use it
IIRC, wpa_supplicant, which wicd uses, prints stuff to syslog which may help. Also if you authenticate but don't get an ip you can run your dhcp client manually with verbose output
Only your dirty memory pages are saved for hibernate, so you can almost always have a smaller swap. If swap is too small Linux just backs out of hibernate so you can kill a large rss program and try again
Bloated GNOME OS? Yeah... A lot of distros certainly think that's the future.
It's terrible because simplicity probably lends itself to a better desktop experience, because then it is easier to make sure every available configuration option has a GUI, and fewer things can go wrong. Beyond that, the user has fewer things to worry about.
Thanks. I'm probably going to give Network Manager another shot on Monday, but if that fails I'll see if I can get a better sense of the problem by viewing the stuff it spits out.
Any other suggestions besides Network Manager? The wifi here doesn't like my laptop very much. Like I said, wicd was the only one that was able to actually connect to any of the networks there.
>It's terrible because simplicity probably lends itself to a better desktop experience, because then it is easier to make sure every available configuration option has a GUI, and fewer things can go wrong.
GNOME is right in trying to combat that configuration swamp and RMS is wrong:
Didn't think about that. The compositor can't autotrack objects in the movie, but depending on how erratic its movement is, you might be able to get away with just keyframing the cropping area. Not ideal, but I've never dealt with camera tracking before so it's the best I've got lol.
Fedora is certainly not the industry standard as long as there's:
Nor is it sane to have ports open by default:
Xpra draws windows on the remote and forwards the resulting images to the local, a forwarding draws to the local. If your ssh connection goes down the app running under xpra will keep drawing until you connect again but the a forwarded one will die because it has nowhere to draw to anymore. Since xpra sends images it uses a little more bandwidth
local privilege escalations don't matter much for single-user desktop systems. that non-privileged user already has all the juicy parts.
meanwhile grsecurity is like 20% slower and breaks some userpace.
>Debian's security team
looks after all 20,000 source packages in the main repo
>Ubuntu's security teams
looks after all those 2,000 source packages in the main repo. But most packages (18,000 source packages) are in the universe repo. Those are just siphoned from some old Debian unstable snapshot and mostly not maintained.
>Fedora security team
what security team?
oh right they somewhat have one now:
Glorious and victorious.
Found this video and it worked: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IFHtIGjxzUQ
Is it possible for someone to show me a webm of them playing either firewatch or divinity original sin on their linux machine with specs?
Many thanks senpai.
You can use tuxguitar to Import the midi, then figure out all the notes and write them down somewhere. Then use
to figure out the frequencies. Shouldn't take more than 15 minutes.
It's got a little piano window thing that will tell you all the keys if you're not familiar with notation.