Previously on: >>52624154
Intended for users of all levels, including absolute beginners.
There are four ways to try Linux, you can:
1) Install a Linux OS on a VM (Virtual Machine/VirtualBox) for "safety purposes"
2) Use the Live ISO directly without installing anything, that way, you can get a "full Linux experience".
3) Dual-boot Linux with Windows/Mac (recommended if you want to learn more about Linux)
4) Go balls deep and overwrite everything with Linux (not recommended)
Before asking, please find the answers to your questions in resources.
Please be civil, notice the "Friendly" in every Friendly Linux Thread.
Understand that much of your software from Windows will be unavailable, although maybe wine can make up for it.
man <insert command here>
your friendly neighborhood search engine
What is GNU/Linux?
Babby's First Linux (What distro to choose?)
What software does /g/ recommend? (Please DON'T include the so called infographic [it's reddit-tier] -- refer all your recommended software here.)
Ricing on Linux (Make it good and functional or make it worse/puke-inducing like those at desktop threads)
A script designed to ease the transition from Windows to Debian
Check out this page for any updates on the OP
IRC No one uses:
>>52634902# Limit allowed max processes (don't fork bomb yourself).
ulimit -u 666
Here. Wlan is not showing.
>Linux does not allow a file to be created with execution permissions, in fact the default creation permissions are 777 for directories, but only 666 for files.
I'm using cinnamon on ubuntu and I'm trying to find the language preferences, to install a language pack, on system preferences but it's not there. Tried with keyboard but it only changes the input. Been googling but haven't got any results. What can I do?
You blacked out your MAC address for what reason?
Also pic related.
which wifi-chip does your laptop use?
>adobe flash doesn't work well in Linux so your youtube videos will drain laptop battery
>>Linux does not allow a file to be created with execution permissionsmikurok@mikurok-main ~ % install -m777 <(echo contents) file
mikurok@mikurok-main ~ % ls -l file
-rwxrwxrwx 1 mikurok mikurok 9 Jan 27 05:33 file
mikurok@mikurok-main ~ % cat file
you forgot the part where it says
>number of people interested in securing linux and looking for possible vulnerabilities
>number of people interested in securing BSD and looking for possible vulnerabilities
not even the devs care
So I installed Fedora for dual boot, but there doesnt seem to be an option to boot it in the boot menu
When i select 'Fedora' I get this weird 'grub>' command line. Help. The HDD boot option just boots back to windows and I wasnt able to find any useful settings in the BIOS
That would not have helped, since installing it on a portion of a hard drive is a bit different
I've installed arch and debian on vm before and I didnt have to worry about erasing my Windows installation as I do now
It wouldn't have mattered. The installation's fucked because of double booting.
Otherwise, as long as you managed to boot the installation CD Fedora just so happens to work.
Anaconda haven't had a major flow breaking issue since fedora 19.
>>52637112# audio controls
bindsym XF86AudioRaiseVolume exec pactl set-sink-volume 0 +5% && killall -SIGUSR1 i3status
bindsym XF86AudioLowerVolume exec pactl set-sink-volume 0 -5% && killall -SIGUSR1 i3status
bindsym XF86AudioMute exec pactl set-sink-mute 0 toggle && killall -SIGUSR1 i3status
The bomb is running in the background doe to &. No CTRL+C here.
You kill one process before running the kill command, you kill one process before running the kill command, you kill one process before running the kill command, you kill one process before running the kill command, you kill one process before running the kill command, you kill one process before running the kill command, you kill one process before running the kill command, you kill one process before running the kill command.
Actually the bomb constantly tries to create new processes and will fail, just run your kill command several times until you hit the moment when the bomb just failed to execute a new process (665).
Ok, so what if I went ball sacks deep and just overwrote Windows with a Fedora installation? Would I be stuck with same retarded errors, like 'create an uefi partition at /boot/efi' and 'unable to allocate space' etc. Ie. the obstacles I stumbled upon when trying to install it for dual booting. Or would the installation go smoothly, since it would wipe or reformat the whole hard drive?
There are a bunch of things to unpack, but essentially:
If you're getting "create an UEFI partition", then overwriting Windows wouldn't fix that problem.
The bigger issue is with "unable to allocate space". I'm guessing you're also >>52633056, in which case, the problem is that you need at least 512MB for /boot/efi.
It would probably throw a warning. And yeah, 200MB could work, too. I was just trying to remember things from Arch's installation, but I'm also perusing various Fedora UEFI installation documents to see what would work.
In a nutshell, though, you just need to shrink some things to make space for the EFI System partition. The rest should be taken care of.
>non-gentoo users will never know the pain of trying to get webkit-gtk to compile
I need help with my Lenovo G460, audio's not working. Tried Xubuntu, Mint and eOS and there's no sound in all of them. Going to try Sabayon Linux and see if it works. However if you have a shorter solution I would appreciate it.
So far I've tried everything that I could google.
>packages as close to the upstream
>early adopter of new technologies
>up to date yet stable af
>best package manager on the market
The only thing to hate about memehat distro is the package count due to their strict packaging policy/guidelines.
But it only shows that most maintainers are fucking garbage at doing their work.
I'm usually not too paranoid, but LastPass felt really insecure and invasive when I last used it.
I don't recommend it at all.
You're better off using KeePass or some local way to store passwords and then uploading the database file somewhere.
Trying out an Arch install.
>Copy any other configuration files to the new system in /mnt (such as netctl profiles in /etc/netctl)
This line is pretty vague.
is it safe just to copy over the whole of /etc to /mnt, or should I just copy over netctl profiles? I'm guessing that if I don't, then I'll lose the timezone I set up or something.
>youtube doesn't use flash anymore as far as I know
>I seriously doubt 70% of laptops are optimus enabled
>haven't run into this one
>haven't run into this one
>ubuntu has ppa's, arch has the aur
>a valid point, but valve has some black magic that allows d3d games to run natively
>works on my machine
>that's just the nature of linux, most people who use it are comfortable with config file editing
>printers have always been a bitch, newer fancier ones may have a webui with ink level reporting
thinking about getting D class amp with DAC
usb dac + linux
will I have problems?
does the brand matter?
anyone got any experience?
>will I have problems?
Probably not. I have two USB DACs and they work fine in Linux. The only device I have that doesn't work is my ibasso DX50, which is a DAP with a "DAC mode". That one requires a special Windows driver.
I've just finished up a set of packages for part of the Q3 2015 release of Intel's iGVT-g project.
For those who don't know, the project provides a solution to fully virtualize an Intel GPU's resources, and pass graphics workloads from a virtualized guest back to the host kernel. It allows for host and guest operating systems to utilize GPU acceleration simultaneously, and in my testing, performance is indistinguishable from native. The newest release works great with Windows guests and native drivers, though the project is a work in progress, and is not yet ready to be upstreamed.
They have separate projects for Xen and KVM at the moment, and are in the process of joining the two into a shared code base.
I currently have packages for the kernel and Xen, which are hosted on the AUR as linux-igvtg and xen-igvtg respectively.
Because of a recent change in the binutils project, x86_64-pep emulation no longer works, and the efi binary generation process of Xen is broken as a consequence. If you're booting your system using EFI firmware, GRUB 2 is recommended.
Suggestions and bug reports for the Arch packages are welcome at the AUR
Comments about the project itself can be submitted to the mailing list at:
>he tried to take the term "dictionary attack" literally
I'm sorry anon but it's not just "try combinations of words from the English dictionary". A dictionary attack would work way worse on that than on a password like "wazzup123four"
Which music player on GNU/Linux supports .cue files?
I have a bunch of FLAC albums that are in a single file. On Windows there are players where those files are read with the cues and the tracks showed separately.
Is there one for Linux that supports this feature?
Not to mention, Linus Torvalds uses Fedora. But then, he's also gone on record saying that the differences between distributions don't really matter to him.
you'd be better off imo to use a converter that supports splitting via cue. I hate wen people think it's acceptable to share music as a single image instead of split into tracks, but I actually use an mp3 player
there is tools to split the flac using the cue file. I did that last year when I was intensively downloading music. Doesn't remember the name but you should find it easily with a good search engine
reinstall windows 8.1 you smelly shitter
How does it feel knowing that most of the biggest tech companies in the world all use Windows Server?
What is that linux terminal app that shows OS info and hw info in that fancy looking way? I see infrequent threads with people comparing their stats but can't find a thread now that has it, and I need it for science right now.
actually i got 50+ filtered freetard texts
Is it normal for audio to just completely stop working (Debian 8)? I've at least figured out that uninstalling pulseaudio fixes it, but at that point, I can no longer control volume through the GUI and have to use alsamixer.
No idea how to get it working again. Neither reinstalling pulseaudio or deleting all the config files does anything.
>Are sound daemons running?
pulseaudio -D doesn't seem to do anything
pulseaudio --start gives me an error:User-configured server at /var/run/pulse/native, refusing to start/autospawn.
Those are what I've found from googling around, but I still don't really know what I'm doing.
>Is your ~/.asoundrc empty?
Apparently I don't have that file.
> hear about this
> day it's discovered
> start trying to break into my own computer in this fashion
> no matter where I try it I can't break in
> it was patched the day it was discovered
> wouldn't have affected me anyway, seeing as my drive is encrypted and you need the root password to do anything with that anyway.
Try harder next time, faggot.
It's working now. I think I had to delete everything in both my home folder and in /etc/pulse. After rebooting, it was back to normal.
Either that or it just works after the 40th try.
It actually is a pretty nice distro. I bet all you know about Manjaro you got off /g/.
Memes aside, check out manjaros git, their patches are very nice. Even saved some of them for my Arch install.
I've used manjaro and that is why I think it is shit. Devs suffer egomania and it frequently breaks for many users who are not knowledgeable to fix the devs' fuckups.
Have fun with it by all means though.
Prefect place to try and figure out what the fuck is going on
>Have assignment to make a bash script that does thing
>Start up VirtualBox with a simple Xubuntu distro
>Make my program, try to get it off the VM
>Turn on the shared clipboard, doesn't work for whatever fucking reason
>Insert flashdrive and give to VM, claims it doesn't recognize the format FAT32
>Try to launch Firefox to just upload the damn thing through it, Firefox simply fails to start
>Pull up Synaptic, try to install Dropbox through it
>Install hangs up near the end and the VM completely freezes
>Restart, try doing the shared folder and it actually works
>Try to copy .sh file
>Error: No such file or directory
>Can't copy, can't open, can't execute, can't even check properties
Linuxfriends please explain
Well I figured out one issue, I think what happens is when I mount the network drive, permissions for all files on the VM are revoked until I unmount it
I don't understand this in the slightest, and I need to get this shit from this VM to somewhere else
I should probably stop being lazy and fix my Debian and/or Fedora VM, I didn't have nearly the problems with them until I fucked them both up royally with the QT framework
Goddammit, seems I can't install anything because every time I try to it attempts to finish the Dropbox install and lock up again
Fuck everything, I'm just gonna retype it
can someone help me out with this?
What, realistically, is the benefit of Gentoo?
I installed it, and it just made everything take longer and made me hunt for solutions to pretty much anything I wanted to do.
I realized I can get the same security benefits by installing shit to a just werks distro and it would be easier and not take as long.
I don't care that much about USE flags, and emerge isn't that much easier to use than any other package manager I've tried.
Really, the only reason I can think of to stay with Gentoo is to keep bragging about using Gentoo.
You don't need them at all.
AppArmor: "AppArmor ("Application Armor") is a Linux kernel security module that allows the system administrator to restrict programs's capabilities with per-program profiles. Profiles can allow capabilities like network access, raw socket access, and the permission to read, write, or execute files on matching paths."
In other words, "I'll let this program have access to this function and whatever the fuck else, but nothing more."
Yeah, but it's open-source now and it has been for a number of years.
A case made for its security was basically that the NSA wouldn't backdoor open-source products made under their real name, because then people would find them and know exactly who's responsible.
They'd make a fake identity, which they can do, and have that make a program full of bullshit, so it they're found out it's some imaginary person that everyone gets upset with.
I trust SELinux just fine; it's no more backdoored than anything else open-source,.
>try to install Korora
>visual glitches in installer
>finally click my way through all the invisible buttons
>select the 25GB ext4 partition i created
>error checking storage configuration
that's why we can't have nice things
hey, i have an old laptop with amd mobility radeon 4300, only linux version i can install is should be xorg 1.12 version max. what do you guys recommend for me, i don't want to use open source drivers its not good. should i stick with ubuntu 12.04? or is there any good alternative with xorg 1.12 or smthing else. i just want to install fglrx
Sup Linuxfa/g/s. Is there a way to move all the used blocks in the disk to the very front of the device? I'm trying to reduce the size of a disk image by using zerofree before dding a compressed image and it should reduce it more if I can move all the free space to the end.
Is it possible to dual boot Linux with Windows if you install Linux first and plan to get like Win10 after the fact?
I remember reading somewhere on how to dual boot and it made an emphasis on installing Windows first, but I dunno.
you save a couple steps by installing windows first, as most linux installers will detect windows and add an entry to grub for you
windows then linux:
1. install windows
2. install linux
linux then windows
1. install linux
2. install windows (overwrites grub stage1, now only windows boots)
3. boot a linux livecd, chroot in and reinstall grub stage1 (grub-install /dev/sda)
4. regenerate grub.conf so it can detect the windows installation (grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg)
Could someone help me with a little script here please?
How can i cut out the 3 numbers wich have a # and a - infront of them?#001 -010 .011 .100
what do i have to use? sed,awk,cut,grep? really no clue.
Which distro has the best KDE implementation?
I really wanted to use Kubuntu because of jewvidia drivers for laptop, but it's not really stable and it's outdated.
Currently I'm using vanilla Ubuntu, but even me liking Unity, I still hate GTK from the bottom of my heart.
Current Plasma release is 5.5.4 and Kubuntu just released 5.4. Kde applications are also outdated.
The stability and fixes between each release is huge, so it's a must to have the latest version.
The overall system is also really unstable.
>Which distro has the best KDE implementation?
Probably opensuse. The whole project was always pretty committed to the k desktop, just like fedora devs were always bunch of gnome acolytes
> spend week installing Gentoo
> have to hunt down solutions to fucking everything I want to do
> say fuck that noise
> go back to Fedora
> install security patches that were the only thing keeping me on Gentoo
> takes two hours
> never run into issues again
Gentoo is a bragging-rights meme distribution. It's as bad as Arch. Don't fall for the meme.
So I installed fedora and I'm having an issue with the internet speed, being extremely slow. Also firefox can't properly play youtube videos (or anything else really) and the only quality option is 360p. There's also a banner telling me I'm using an old version of internet explorer.
Upgrading firefox atm very slowly. Disabled automatic updates and the system is up to date.
The youtube quality thing is solved by installing the gstreamer plugins and poking around the "media" options in about:config
As for your internet speed, I'm afraid I can't help there.
>>526467673088 files, 221278521 used, 15243066 free (1066 frags, 1905250 blocks, 0.0% fragmentation)
***** FILE SYSTEM IS CLEAN *****
>smartctl -a /dev/ada3 shows nothing out of the ordinary
>remounting changed nothing
>rebooting changed nothing
>can write to and read from the disk just fine
I just don't know any more.
I will always buy Windows™ because The Future Starts Now™. Microsoft™ pioneers innovative new technologies like DirectX™, Office™, and the highest quality operating system to ever grace computers. When I boot up with a brand new PC running Windows™ with the latest Z chipset powered by Intel™ and latest Nvidia™ graphics, I can enjoy the games the way they where meant to be played™. Microsoft™ also pioneers in the gaming field with its latest Xbox™ console to allow gamers to play on their big screens with family and friends. Windows™ is also very secure. It's the most secure operating system on the planet. It's harden against NSA probes, tested by highly trained and experienced programming engineers to have ever graced this planet. With such innovative security technologies like UAC, Defender, Security Essentials, BitLocker, and Windows™ Firewall you can ensure all your sensitive data is secured and you're safe on the internet. Microsoft™ most advanced, and dare say, the most advance web browser on the market, Edge™, has decoupled addon support, like flash, to ensure maximum user safety when browsing the web. You can ensure Microsoft™ keeps you safe from the NSA. At this point in time there's really no reasons to consider Linux. I tried once. It caused my Nvidia™ graphics to overheat so much due to its poor quality, novice programmed, open source drivers that it exploded and nearly burnt down my house. It's quite clear that OPs a Linux shill trying to convince you to settle on something less than the optimal experience with Windows™. Windows™ is the only real way to play games or do anything productive. We've seen that they offer incredible libraries for software developers like Visual Studio and Microsoft C++ Compiler. He is probably too poor to afford the Microsoft Windows™ experience and can not afford to play any games. Don't be a poor gamer with bad security and no drivers. The Future Starts Now™ with Microsoft Windows™
My external HDD drive keeps getting disconnected for some reason, and then gets renamed. For example, at first it's named /dev/sda, then after the first disconnection it's called /dev/sdb etc...
It's really annoying because I have to remount the drive every time.
Is there a way I can prevent it from being renamed? Or is there any other solution to this problem, like automounting the drive when it has a different name?
What do you think about this distro to learn more about Arch Linux?
It's great. The installer still shits the bed every once in a while, but just make sure your internet connection is stable and only select the AUR support in the extras when you install and you should be fine.
Why not just use Arch itself?
I feel like so many people here only see "lel Arch is a MEME!!!!!" and never actually take time to see what it's about.
For me, choosing Arch instead of other distros and Arch's offspring distros was fairly easy. I have simple needs, so why wouldn't I want (at least at the start) a very simple set of programs? I've been fucked by installers many times (both graphical and do-it-for-you text-based installers), so why wouldn't I want a way to learn to do it myself?
Plus, I've heard many people saying that Antergos creates a messed-up installation. Manjaro users have better times on first installation, but they tend to report bigger problems later on.
IMO, if you want to learn Arch, then use Arch.
I think it misses the point.
Arch is "difficult" to install because it forces you to make some choices during the install.
Skipping that part you might not know why something breaks or how to fix it.
The reason arch is "difficult" to install is to drive people away, it is not meant for people who wants something that just works
Read through Arch's beginners' guide and figure out what installation method is right for your system.
After that, take a pen and a piece of paper and write down any and all relevant lines (along with their explanations).
installed arch. Tried to install LightDM but now when i boot i get error that it failed and i cant boot it further. How do i fix it? (Mount the os with the live usb and disable the service? How do.i mount it?
>How do i fix it?
You of course make it your sole hobby for the rest of your life.
Has anyone here tried Deepin Linux? The desktop is Qt5/QML and isn't KDE so it looks pretty dope.
Oh god the background depicts suburbs and three towers/skyscrapers of different distros.
I never paid attention to the details of this picture and always assumed there were doors. lol
Former Arch user here. Linux belongs on servers and embedded platfoms like Android. Nowhere else.
Former Windows user here. I don't really give a shit.
>KDE is the closest thing to a functional, user-friendly desktop Linux has.
i still don't get this meme. i've been running arch on my dev machine for a couple years and i never have any problems. initial setup was admittedly more involved than necessary, but it wasn't hard, i just read the wiki (and this is the first linux distro i've really used). never had a kernel panic, never have driver problems (i had to build the touchpad drivers for a short while, but they were in the kernel before long because MUH BLEEDING EDGE), worst i've ever had is a non-critical piece of software having a minor bug for like a day maybe three or four times. over the course of two years.
i've briefly tried several other distros. i mean this is the first one i've stuck to using for a significant time, long enough to actually learn anything about unix. and arch makes sense for my use case because i needed something really lean because i work from home (as in i work from cafes and libraries because i don't focus well at home) so i needed my work machine to be very portable and financially practically disposable in case it gets damaged/lost/stolen. so i have it running on a $180 chromebook with 16gb of storage. what other distro aside from gentoo would be able to make such efficient use of that space?
yeah, debian is nice too. but i like having up-to-date packages. and (perhaps unlike most arch users, you may have me there) i actually do believe in the arch philosophy. pushing issues upstream so problems get fixed at the source makes more sense than distro-level support patches. and if you're going to say "use testing/unstable", sure, but then really what's the difference from just using arch? i'm happy with it, and it actually makes sense for my use case, so the only reason i could imagine someone still telling me not to use it is just some arbitrary beef. also (time for my arbitrary beef) debian is probably about to get cucked.
probably just paranoia but with ian murdock going out and some of the dialogue that occurred afterward, i could imagine people of certain doctrines weaseling their way in and fucking shit up. if it can happen to github it could happen to anything.
he didn't have to be involved, his death started conversations regardless. not to mention some people (perhaps understandably) took some of his last public statements the wrong way.
and the conversations in the mailing lists were killed off by people that know their shit pretty much immediately. 4chan and reddit had weird conversations and witchhunts but the media stayed calm so the impact was minimal.
yeah, i guess there's that. either way, i'm not looking forward to when "linux" gets targeted for being a so-called "boy's club" as it inevitably will. is there a distro maintained exclusively by women yet? counting down the days until EmpowerOS or some such thing manifests. that's being hopeful that it would actually be a new thing, not a bastardization of something already used and loved by many as the pattern tends to be.
if they make it themselves let them do it, we already have other joke OS like hannah montana linux or pony linux. the debian devs keep to free software activism and usually keep down other kinds of activism, just read the mailing lists from time to time. this could happen to buntu though.
of course. i wouldn't have a problem if it was its own independent thing. that just doesn't seem to be how it usually goes. i mean damn, if you're gonna platform your own personal politics in a place where it doesn't belong, at least build the damn platform yourself instead of pushing someone else off theirs.