Previously on: >>52401598
Intended for users of all levels, including absolute beginners.
There are three ways to try Linux, you can:
1) Install a Linux OS on a VM (Virtual Machine/VirtualBox) for "safety purposes"
2) Use the Live ISO directly without installing anything, that way, you can get a "full Linux experience".
3) Dual-boot Linux with Windows/Mac (recommend if you want to learn more about Linux)
4) Go balls deep and overwrite everything with Linux (not recommended)
If you are serious about switching to Linux and if you have Windows dual-booted, we recommend you use it exclusively for 2 weeks, and avoid Windows dual booting for that period of time, or it's likely you will start retreating back to Windows instead of getting used to Linux as your new home and working on making it feel the way you want it.
Before asking, please find the answers to your questions in resources.
Please be civil, notice the "Friendly" in every Friendly Linux Thread.
Understand that much of your software from Windows will be unavailable, although maybe wine can make up for it.
man <insert command here>
your friendly neighborhood search engine
What is Linux (or GNU/Linux for autists)?
Babby's First Linux (What distro to choose?)
What software does /g/ recommend? (Please DON'T include the so called infographic [it's reddit-tier] -- refer all your recommended software here.)
Ricing on Linux (Make it good and functional or make it worse/puke-inducing like those at desktop threads)
A script designed to ease the transition from Windows to Debian
Check out this page for any updates on the OP
IRC No one uses:
I've been using Mint for about six months now, and I'd say I'm pretty familiar with it. I'm a little interested in trying a more advanced distro, but I'm a little confused as to what the actual benefits would be from upgrading to something like arch. From what I see it doesn't provide much more functionality and it requires a lot of troubleshooting to get working properly.
In the end I'm probably going to stick with Mint, but just out of curiosity what are some reasons to switch to more advanced versions?
Best package manager there is.Arch starts off with a ~250mb install and you build it from there.If you dont want bloat go to it. If you're happy being spoonfed your packages and using a DE stay there
No. Get something more basic and widely used than that. Any of the production distros that people actually have use of outside of circlejerks on the internet.
Ok, I guess this can be considered a benefit. So the biggest reason people use it is because it's unbloated?
I don't really care too much about bloat, since coming from windows even mint seems pretty minimal. Is there anything in terms of functionality that distros like arch and gentoo are better at than basic ones like ubuntu?
Would it be possible to purge and replace all GNU components from Linux and free the OS from the grasps of Stallman and his cult of freetards?
>inb4 Stallman drones get butthurt
Linux is about freedom and the ability to change any part of your OS. You have no right to complain about my question here.
Is there a guide to installing Gentoo that actually fucking works?
So far everything shits out errors in the middle or when I try to actually boot after setup it fails.
Every guide I've tried I gave at least three chances from scratch to finish in case I fucked it up. More for the wiki guide once I figured out that it wouldn't auto-download portage correctly and I had to pull the snapshot.
No. I am the saviour of Linux who wants to make it a truly free operating system
Stallman and his organization don't care about freedom, they care bout rabidly pushing their line of thinking into the Linux family and it does more harm than good to our progress.
You are free to keep distributions with GNU software, we just want an alternative
Tried that one.
First I repeatedly failed at grub-install. Had to get sys-boot/grub myself and alter make.conf/use a slightly different set of commands because I'm on an EFI system.
Once I was past that I should have been done but it failed on the reboot. Because I'm retarded or something.
Surely I can't fuck this up. Thanks, anon.
I have a spare laptop and have always wanted to try out Linux, so I've decided to go balls deep and install it on there. From reading the resources I've decided on Mint as it's supposed to be a nice and gentle entry to Linux.
Do I go for the Cinnamon, MATE, Xfce or KDE edition? What's the difference?
Cinnamon and Mate are both very similar to windows, so I'd recommend going with them. KDE and XFCE are both a little more light weight, but since it's your first time I really think you should go with Cinnamon or Mate.
A program is free software if the program's users have:
THE FOUR ESSENTIAL FREEDOMS
The freedom to run the program as you wish, for any purpose (freedom 0). The
freedom to study how the program works, and change it so it does your computing
as you wish (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor (freedom 2).
The freedom to distribute copies of your modified versions to others (freedom
3). By doing this you can give the whole community a chance to benefit from your
changes. Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
After a fresh install of Arch on a thinkpad, I am struggling with the time.
I chose UTC during the install and specified my timezone but I fail to get it working.
As a quickfix, I tweaked the time in the bios to offset it such as the time is correct once I use my laptop.
I triedln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Tokyo /etc/localtimewithout success...
Linux is an operating system. An operating system is that software which provides and limits access to hardware resources on a computer. That definition applies wherever you see Linux in use.
I somehow managed to get two taskbars to run at the same time. I was having driver issues and problems logging in, so I took drastic measures and reinstalled a whole bunch of stuff, including the entirety of xserver and ubuntu desktop.
How fucked am I?
It's about protection of freedom faggot. As example, when you tolerate intolerance, you do the opposite of tolerance, the same goes with protecting software to keep it free.
That kid from that website got an autistic idea and breeded it into a website full of stuff like "Dont by from Amazon" with changed context (here DRM protection context is changed to 1984 paranoia).
This website just shares disinformation.
Ah, the classic argumentum ad Linus.
According the the Collins English Dictionary: "the set of software that controls the overall operation of a computer system, typically by performing such tasks as memory allocation, job scheduling, and input/output control." Sounds like GNU/Linux to me -- the Linux kernel is not a set of software.
Ah, so I can just boot up the Linux kernel on its own and use it independently? Sweet! I'm uninstalling all of the software on my computer right now -- thanks for the suggestion!
Dude I've done so much shit to this in just 6 hours I have no clue. One step I did a lot was re-install and uninstall fglrx drivers, and a lot of x-server shit. I also messed around with the lightdm, trying to switch it out with gdm. I wouldn't suggest doing this on a computer that you use a lot.
Maybe just try
apt-get remove xserver-xorg
and then re installing it (making sure to reconfigure with dpkg-reconfigure)
in/etc/ntp.confI have# Associate to Arch's NTP pool
What should I change server 0,1,2,3 to have the time in my timezone corrected by ntp?
>Ah, the classic argumentum ad Linus.
>According the the Collins English Dictionary: "the set of software that controls the overall operation of a computer system, typically by performing such tasks as memory allocation, job scheduling, and input/output control." Sounds like GNU/Linux to me -- the Linux kernel is not a set of software.
so i managed to turn off the unity plugin from ccsm, but now I dont have any buttons on the top of windows
Without RMS nobody of us would shitpost in this thread. Also: Even Linus himself including the whole Linux Foundation cares about freedom:
„I refuse to even consider tying my hands over some binary-only module. I want people to know that when they use binary-only modules, it's THEIR problem.“
– Linus Torvalds
„We, the undersigned Linux kernel developers, consider any closed-source Linux kernel module or driver to be harmful and undesirable… We have repeatedly found them to be detrimental to Linux users, businesses, and the greater Linux ecosystem.“
I dont know what actually is wrong with you, but if you want the "freedom" to run closed source malware, why not just running Windows?
Also what the hell is your problem with Stallman?
>stallman is the guy who eats shit from his foot, right? oh yeah and he likes free stuff, kek [pepe.jpg attached]
Window decorations are for windows users.
ALT+Left Mouse Button
ALT+Right Mouse Button
like a true /g/entooman
If I recall correctly, the biggest issue in replacing >all< GNU components is gcc, though there is that one other compiler that I forget the name of that you may be able to replace it with.
Ironically I think the easiest way to accomplish an entirely GNU-less distro would be to install LFS. Possibly Gentoo.
I think you need to keep in mind that while GNU == open-source, open-source != GNU
Linux on its own for example, while open-source, has nothing to do with GNU.
reposting from a previous thread:
makepkg seems to be targeting the wrong version of multiple packages. I'm guessing it's an error in the pkgbuild but I'm not sure what to change and no one else seems to have had the same issue on the aur comments
Just finished a dual boot with win7 and arch.
I'm going to be adding another harddrive to store music, pictures, steam games, etc on but what format should I use so it's accessible to both Windows and Arch?
it can, just make sure to modify your fstab if you want it to automount
Sort of limited in that I'm on an SSD, but it's more of the point I hate downloading entire environments when I'm only going to be using 1% of them. That's part of the reason I chose arch, and chose openbox.
the pkg.tar.gzs are extracted and overwrite previous versions during the install process, so if I rename them now they'll just be overwritten I'm pretty sure. I'll check just to be sure.
How to input japanese in Arch.
I tried to follow https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Input_Japanese_using_uim but I don't know how to go through and actually convert my keystrokes into kana and kanji
What's the most simple way to switch between wifi and ethernet?
Preferably with netctl or systemd-networkd (arch) cause of 'muh bloat' and lowspecs laptop
currently is something like:sudo systemctl start dhcpcd@enp2s0&&sudo systemctl stop netctl@wireless\x2dwpa&&sudo ip link set wlp4s0 down
Openbox by itself is great, but if you're not trying to minimize resource usage at all costs, then you should try compton. I've got my friend's very old laptop open in VNC, and you can see openbox with and without compton, with clean themes.
Find an openbox theme that doesn't suck and edit it to your taste. Find a good GTK+ theme and then try to make your Qt theme look as much like it as possible. If you're not going to use a wallpaper, at least change the background color to black.
No DMs yet. Only i3wm.
.xinitrc does not exist but xinitrc does (and gets called instead)
I havexrandr --setprovideroutputsource modesetting NVIDIA-0in the file along with the usual other shit in it and
xrandr --autoexec i3at the end
>but xinitrc does
It NEEDS to have the . in front of it.
>so Optimus might be to blame here
Yes, Optimus is known to not work well with Linux, but you should still be able to get it to work with your onboard graphics.
So I installed Manjaro on my ThinkPad x220. Now what?
How do you use a static IP address with a wireless network in Gentoo?
The method in the Gentoo handbook doesn't work.
I used this method to set up a static IP address for a particular wifi network the same way I would for a wired network. When it didn't work I commented out everything else in /etc/conf.d/net, and it still didn't work.
What are the possible reasons?
Whats the problem with asus laptops? There are a lot of problems with installing linux on them, currently im suffering with an x555u and cant install ubuntu nor xubuntu on it for shit. Now I'm trying to make a special usb key to boot from so maybe it wont fuck it up.
I'm trying to install a xfce panel plugin and i get this message.checking for exo-1 >= 0.5.0... not found
*** The required package exo-1 was not found on your system.
*** Please install exo-1 (atleast version 0.5.0) or adjust
*** the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable if you
*** installed the package in a nonstandard prefix so that
*** pkg-config is able to find it.
what is exo-1 and how do i install it?
OK, I'm confused. Is there even IcedTea-3? Is it stable? Is it in use?
When you install OpenJDK8 somewhere on Arch, is it built using the IcedTea toolchain, or is it built using proprietary parts too?
I have a small probelm with my xubuntu installation
the whisker menu icon becomes a black black square if I drag any of the opened application left or right. any tips how to fix this?
it reappears when I move my mouse over it btw
Thinking about updating xubuntu from 14 to 15.
Will this fuck my system up in any way, or will it be exactly like i left it but with a new version of Ubuntu?
how do I setup keepass to use a smart card on linux? what kind of cards and readers/writers can I use on linux?
I just want to use a password manager, but I want an extra layer of security with a keyfile.
this page has a list
ive been studying op on on it for a short while.
my laptop has a pci smart card reader/writer so i wanted a smart card to hold the harddrive's encryption keys
which terminal emulator? should be possible
Is Tails the best distro for discrete browsing? Friend needs as close to an anonymous system as he can get.
Good choice. Cinnamon is mostly just eye candy. Not that I'm by any means against it. I just really enjoy Mate. And Mint installs a lot of the typical shit by default like oracle Java so you won't have to fuck with doing it the hard way.
okay im still strugling with that shitty asus
so far i've tried ubuntu xubuntu cinnamon mint lubuntu and kubuntu and except kubuntu all failed miserably to make any progress with the install
kubuntu could almost finish but still fail
when putting up kubuntu i was facing some errors with ubi-partman exit code 10 and ubi-time or some shit exit code 1
various forums give me jackshit answers blaming it on the raid setup but i dont have one
any other ideas?
Is Debian Sid just normal debian with bleeding edge packages or is it a playground for their developers to experiment with stuff?
In the sense that the system can break not because of unstable packages but actual debian developers commits.
Maybe someone will find these useful
Blocks ads from most ad networks.
Even when a site requests you to turn adblock because they a good boys and ads dindu nuffin you can jus turn it off and most ads won't load anyways because your machine can't establish a connection with the ad server.
Also retarded clickbait troll sites with disgusting content and screamers (especially good if you're retarded enough to lurk /b/)
I've used both. Debian, even with minimal installation, has more builtin features and "non-vanilla" stuff than arch. Some consider this a pro - personally, I like explicit configuration (without going full Gentoo) so I prefer Arch.
Gollygee such a wonderful improvement hmm I wonder what I could do with bash to circumvent this inconvenience.
I don't know?
Maybe use a fucking keyboard since I already have my fingers on it?
Anyone using deadbeef?
Does it have directory based sorting/playlist?
Any lightweight music player with directory based sorting/playlist?
I don't need fancy features, volume up/down, pause/play, next/previous will do
Retard here, I tried to install Debian on a spare SSD on the desktop yesterday with no success. I'm on a Z77 Extreme4 board with updated BIOS and Windows 7. Net installation of Debian seemed to go through but installing grub on the Windows drive was a no go. I tried to put grub on the spare SSD and loaded, but Debian never showed up. I looked around and it's apparently a problem with the asmedia asm1061 controller some saying it supports it with an up to date kernel and some saying it doesn't work at all so I unplugged everything from those two slots and disabled them on the BIOS setup. Still nothing. Maybe an installation of Debian Stretch would work? Of course it didn't, in fact it can't even get past the installation stage. I don't know what to do.
Just for keks, I went with Ubuntu 15.04, but grub never loaded probably put it on the Windows drive.
I'm still pretty new to Linux. I made a script that is currently saved to my home directory. To activate it I have to type ./scriptname while at the home directory. How do I make it where I can just type "scriptname" from any directory to run it?
Easy, you have to put it in $PATH.
You can check which directories belong to $PATH
by typingecho $PATH
in your terminal
It's a good practice to put your scripts and your own programs in
It also has to be made and executable so# chmod +x <your_script>
These days it's used as a last resort to prevent out of memory errors and crashes related to them. It may also be used for hibernation if you use that mode. If you have a lot of RAM and don't usually utilize a lot of it you probably don't need swap.
>You're gonna have to restart.
I knew a kid who actually thought this about Gameboy link cables. He'd raise his Gameboy above his head during Pokemon trades because he thought it made the Pokeballs roll through the cord faster.
So, I have an All-in-one hp desktop at university, this is of course property of the institution. I wish to install Ubuntu on this machine because I'll be here around 3 more years.
Take a look at the partitions on the main hdd, will I be safe installing Ubuntu on the largest partition (900 GB)?
Will this allow me to, once I finish my time here, boot the recovery partition and factory reset the PC?
ye, just shrink windows by the amount you want to have for GNU/Linux, the installer will handle everything for you. you may need to update ubuntu in the future though and it's a point release so make sure to back your shit up.
This is the famous gtk file picker patch to have thumbnail icon view, but I have no idea how I can install/patch this. Debian babby here.
Can anyone explain what I need to do here?
A short step by step guid would make me very happy!
Anon I have two drives. One has Windows, the other is trying to have Debian. I've let the installer do its thing and install grub presumably on the windows drive, but grub doesn't load. I also tried putting it on the other drive where grub does load and gives me the option of booting Debian or the Windows loader, but if I choose Debian, then it just stays there doing nothing. If, however, you were referring to installing Debian on the Windows drive, then I can't since it has a little over 4GB left.
I give up, I'll just use it on the laptop and fuck off.
Do you even math