Intended for users of all levels, including absolute beginners.
There are three ways to try Linux, you can:
1) Install a Linux OS on a VM (Virtual Machine/VirtualBox) for "safety purposes"
2) Use the Live ISO directly without installing anything, that way, you can get a "full Linux experience".
3) Dual-boot Linux with Windows/Mac (recommend if you want to learn more about Linux)
4) Go balls deep and overwrite everything with Linux (not recommended)
If you are serious about switching to Linux and if you have Windows dual-booted, we recommend you use it exclusively for 2 weeks, and avoid Windows dual booting for that period of time, or it's likely you will start retreating back to windows instead of getting used to Linux as your new home and working onnmaking it feel the way you want it.
Before asking, please find the answers to your questions in resources.
Please be civil, notice the "Friendly" in every Friendly Linux Thread.
Understand that much of your software from Windows will be unavailable, although maybe wine can make up for it.
man <insert command here>
your friendly neighborhood search engine
What is Linux (or GNU/Linux for Stallmanists)?
Babby's First Linux (What distro to choose?)
What software does /g/ recommend? (Please DON'T include the so called infographic [it's reddit-tier] -- refer all your recommended software here.)
Ricing on Linux (Make it good and functional or make it worse/puke-inducing like those at desktop threads)
A script designed to ease the transition from Windows to Debian
Check out this page for any updates on the OP
IRC No one uses:
Previous Thread: >>52385131
I'd like to just interject for a moment. Linux is a kernel you fucking stupid shit. Don't tell newsfeed it's meme Linux when you know full well it's a gnu/Linux or gnu plus Linux operating system.
Yeah, Linux is a kernel.
It's a kernel at the core of hundreds of distributions, all operating systems in their own right.
Are all of them made entirely of GNU software or developed by the GNU foundation? Doubtful.
They're distributions of the Linux kernel; they're systems built around it. The Linux Kernel is the one element absolutely universal to all distributions.
Any distros made by GNU could be called Gnu Linux.
>/FLT/ - Friendly Linux Thread
I'd just like to interject for a moment. What you're referring to as Linux,
is in fact, GNU/Linux, or as I've recently taken to calling it, GNU plus Linux.
Linux is not an operating system unto itself, but rather another free component
of a fully functioning GNU system made useful by the GNU corelibs, shell
utilities and vital system components comprising a full OS as defined by POSIX.
Many computer users run a modified version of the GNU system every day,
without realizing it. Through a peculiar turn of events, the version of GNU
which is widely used today is often called "Linux", and many of its users are
not aware that it is basically the GNU system, developed by the GNU Project.
There really is a Linux, and these people are using it, but it is just a
part of the system they use. Linux is the kernel: the program in the system
that allocates the machine's resources to the other programs that you run.
The kernel is an essential part of an operating system, but useless by itself;
it can only function in the context of a complete operating system. Linux is
normally used in combination with the GNU operating system: the whole system
is basically GNU with Linux added, or GNU/Linux. All the so-called "Linux"
distributions are really distributions of GNU/Linux.
>decide to try ubuntu
>make 250gb free space partition from the control panel
>torrent ubuntu 15.10, verify md5
>burn to disc, verify disc
>reboot, boot into disc from BIOS
>Boot back into windows
>On my motherboard you have to use a different sata port for no reason because I'm apparently using "ASmedia SATA ports" or something
>Too lazy to open my case and switch a few plugs because I know when I do get ubuntu up and running it will probably have a bunch of other retarded hardware conflicts and I won't have any sound and my wifi stick won't work and probably 1/3 of the shit plugged into my motherboard will break
this is why linux will never have widespread adoption
I'm trying to understand system updates without update managers. I always imagined the security updates in Windows to be some obscure complex process, but in Ubuntu, it just says 'such and such package has an update'. Is that all there is to it? Linux is just made up of packages and you can update them individually whenever they get pushed?
> FSF was working on a GNU operating system
> Linux Kernel provides an important missing piece
> Hundreds of other operating systems are released built on the Linux Kernel
> It's all Gnu/Linux
Not sure how that works.
> I tried to dual-boot with a BIOS and shit didn't work
> I couldn't be bothered to switch around three plugs
> Surely other things would have broken
You're baiting. You had one issue which could have been easily resolved. I sincerely doubt a noob distro like Ubuntu would actually not be able to run on your hardware.
You'll be okay. Just block EZUpdate in firewall if you end up installing that POS AI Suite if it comes with the software cd.
This is what I was talking about:
Thanks, that cut it down to just the one. Now htop is a lot more readable too.
Interesting. Some programs are too far down a tree for it to be very nice though.
When did I say that? I said operating systems were built around this kernel, and it is the only element all of those operating systems have, hence Linux Distributions.
> Debian Linux
> Red Hat Linux
> Gentoo Linux
> Gnu Linux
>A large part of the basic tools that fill out the operating system come from the GNU project; hence the names: GNU/Linux, GNU/kFreeBSD, and GNU/Hurd. These tools are also free.
> Arch Linux is an independently developed, i686/x86-64 general purpose GNU/Linux distribution
> Please read Gentoo documentation and man pages to gain a greater understanding of how Gentoo and GNU/Linux works
> It's currently based around the 2.6 Linux kernel series and the GNU C Library
i couldn't find such an obvious quote for fedora but they obviously include many gnu programs
I hear all the BSD people raving about it. How about what are the disadvantages of BSD compared to Linux? Any compatibility issues? Software? Ease of use / user-friendly?
Why should someone using Debian like myself switch to BSD?
What does Ubuntu have that makes it a little prettier than Debian with the scroll bars, the quick reply post button, etc.? What am I missing?
I've said this before, but /fug/ already exists on /vp/. And given how weird their /fug/ is, I don't think we should share names.
Some name ideas:
/flt/ - Friendly Linux Thread
/fglt/ - Friendly GNU/Linux Thread
/f*t/ - Friendly *nix Thread
/fut/ or /fubt/ - Friendly Unix-based Thread
/flt/ - Friendly GNU+Linux Thread
/flt/ - Friendly Linux+GNU Thread
I personally like the last: mostly everything is kept the same, and FSFers are technically satisfied.
Here is an example of it
We should keep the flt but call it Friendly Gnu/Linux Thread.
Frankly, I don't understand why everybody is so butthurt about what to call it. The way I look at it, it's the Linux Kernel with many GNU programs forming the base operating system.
"Linux" is a good shorthand, "GNU/Linux" is a good professional sort of name.
Though I understand some people hate Richard Stallman for some reason.
I'm creating a bootable Linux drive for the first time and want to know what size (if any) is a reasonable size for persistent storage on a 4gb USB stick. I'm using Mint if that makes a difference.
He's sort of a giant nag who produces little of actual value. Some people hate Linus because he's mean to bad programmers, but nobody denies his work leading the kernel development.
>fighting for freedom of software like the rest of us
sometimes it matters more for software to just work
Neo /g/ hates Stallman, because they're all windows users from facebook parotting each others. As bad side effect, also linuxfags start to parrot these memes, some ironic, some unironically. I actually bet nobody of these Stallman haters have actually any idea who Stallman is and what he does, except knowing that "he eats shit from his foot".
> Gentoo Linux
> All correct kernel configuration
> Closing laptop lid just resets brightness to 100 without locking shit
Why? If I leave it for like 10 minutes it freezes my mouse and cuts to Xscreensaver after a few seconds, then it's locked, but I'd really rather it lock when it suspends.
Fairly confident it suspends when I close the laptop. I read something about Xscreensaver obstructing it but unmerging it didn't solve shit.
> inb4 don't use gentoo
> inb4 jewgle
I am googling, and I am trying to solve this myself. If anyone here can help, I feel that would be a friendly thing to do.
> Linux newfag
> Fall for every meme /g/ shills
> install gentoo to laptop
> don't shower
> barely eat
> sleep where I drop
> spend two weeks working out a kernel panic
> another three days getting a DE working
Why the fuck is it so goddamn hard to install things? Running bunsenlabs linux, but I experienced these same issues on Debian. (I know this is my fault for not being knowledgable and not the fault of the distro, but I'm just frustrated)
So I try to install screenfetch. sudo apt-get install screenfetch. Not found. I kind of expected it. I find a help page with a git command showing how to do it. I try it. Git is not installed. I try to install git.
E: Unable to locate package git-core
Now I'm frustrated. I assume I need to add a repository, but how do I know which one git is a part of? I can't just google "what repository is git a part of", because it gets no results. Maybe I should just go back to ubuntu, but then I wouldn't learn from this experience. Is there someone who knows what problem I'm having, and can explain it to me? (And hopefully explain what I need to do to solve it?)
so I have a VM (Debian testing as both the host and the guest) that I use for torrenting. I wanted to ditch virtualbox, both because it has freedom problems but more immediately because it apparently artificially limits network bandwidth to something like 25MB/s per VM. So I installed virt-manager to do it on KVM instead.
And now file transfers are speedy, but the guest's UI is dog fucking slow. Opening a terminal window, for example, can take several seconds from the click to the time the window appears, and another few seconds before the prompt shows up, during which the guest uses a fuckton of CPU. Watching htop in the guest while it's being slow reveals that the vast bulk of the CPU load is coming from the X server.
I enabled that following the instructions on http://www.linux-kvm.org/page/SPICE, nothing changed.
>fuck GUIs, do it from the command line!
I do not have the networking chops to set up a VPN connection from the command line without networkmanager.
any other ideas? Or should I just throw my hands up and go back to virtualbox?
Package git is not available, but is referred to by another package.
This may mean that the package is missing, has been obsoleted, or
is only available from another source
E: Package 'git' has no installation candidate
Added deb http://pkg.bunsenlabs.org/debian bunsen-hydrogen main and deb http://pkg.bunsenlabs.org/debian jessie-backports main. ran apt-get update and upgrade. when I run apt-get install git I still get: Package git is not available, but it is referred to by another package.
This may mean that the package is missing, has been obsoleted, or
is only available from another source
E: Package 'git' has no installation candidate
Have confirmed the issue is that it doesn't lock on suspension.
pm-suspend suspends it, and it does the same shit the laptop being closed does, so I know that's not the issue.
Now the question is why the fuck it's not locking.
I was gonna post this in /sqt/ but here is probably just as good. Is link related a good general-purpose desktop build? I plan on running linux and not gayming on it. Also any similar build guides or recommendations would be appreciated
Go to /sqt/ goddammit.
A few more bucks gets you gold and more power.
I think you're getting fucked by that green HDD.
Also, are you really sure spending that much on a keyboard? I've seen Logitech's g710 and g710+ go on sale the past few weeks.
So does Microsoft One run in linux under WINE?
I really enjoy it because of cloud features, but I hate having to boot into Windows to use it on my x220T. Also sorta devalues the fact that i never use the tablet feature
thanks mate. A few of the things on pcpartpicker I could get for cheaper by shopping around. The build on there is just a sort of rough draft. Anything in particular I should look out for when buying linux compatible hardware?
What's the first Distro you guys ever used, ever?
My first experience was with Fedora (not sure which one) when I was seven and my brother taught me how to turn on and play Freedroidrpg.
First distro I ran full-time was Fedora 18.
I had the opposite experience with GNOME 3.
I actually enjoyed it and found it easy to use, then my brother came along and started talking about how shit it was and shifted my opinion.
Now I run LXDE. I don't think he has a DE at all.
> Fedora 20
Don't know why they'd make you do that when the earliest version still supported is 22.
At any rate, Fedora isn't bad, it's just a bit different. Spend a bit playing around with it and you'll get the hang of it.
t. figured out how to use basic Fedora functionality when I was seven
Ubuntu, back in the days of Gnome 2 (don't know what version), on an experimental basis only. I tried several for a few days at a time before settling on Fedora, also with Gnome 2, as my first full-time distro a few months later.
it's surprisingly seamless and intuitive, and from my impression so far, especially so if you are in the terminal a lot and use a lot of console based programs.
try it another one of your virtual terminals nigga
Fist distro I used was knoppix.
It was the one my local lug recommended and it was way easier to install than Debian.
I don't remember the DE but remember being blown away by how great it was.
I quickly switched to Ubuntu and found gnome go be a lot better.
>try it another one of your virtual terminals
I have a Linux question about this. I use ~/.xinitrc to launch my GUI, and the last command is openbox, resulting in the fact that my X session is terminated if openbox is killed. After Googling it, I've just learned how to use an alternate script to launch an X session, and done so using a terminal emulator as the final command, so that I can change window managers within that X session at will. My question is this:
Is there a simple way to use some kind of dummy process as the last command in an xinit script, which does nothing except run until I kill it?
Either you don't understand my question or you don't understand xinit scripts (or maybe I don't understand xinit scripts). X exits when it finishes running its init script. If you fork everything that you launch in the script to the background, X will exit immediately, in the amount of time that it takes to launch your programs and fork them to the background (i.e. the amount of time it takes to run the init script, i.e. about half a second). So, you've got to leave something running in the "foreground" of the script (don't know what the correct terminology is for scripts regarding foreground/background processes). When that thing is killed, the script has finished running and the whole X server shuts down. I use openbox as this thing, but it means that I can't change my window manager without rewriting my xinit script or using an alternate one. If there was some dummy process that I could use instead, I could kill openbox and start other window managers at will.
OK, here the thing. I have a friend with a problem. His mother and sister manage to kill Windows on their PC in a month or two, surfing social networks, clicking malwares and stuff, and he is their go-to guy. So, I figured, since they don't need PC for anything other than net surfing and videos/music, why not install linux as primary OS.
So, what would be better for actual retards, Ubuntu or Mint? Which is more user friendly?
This is probably posted here a lot, but which is the best distro for newbies to Linux? Another question, how much configuring/tinkering/technical knowledge is needed to use it? I want to use an OS that lets me do what I want to do easily and smoothly, not having to spend all my time tinkering with everything.
X will run just fine without any other -specific- applications, but it's own init script has to be running, or it exits. Maybe this is a result of a distro-specific configuration of xinit or something like that.
If I have a file called "~/temp" whose only contents are, for example "xfce4-terminal", and I use it as the xinit script by doing "DISPLAY=:1 startx ~/temp", what I get is an X session with only an undecorated terminal in it. If I then kill that terminal, X quits. If I overwrite ~/temp with "sleep 10", I get a black screen (a completely empty X session) for ten seconds, and then X exits ("Server terminated successfully", it says). X will only run as long as the xinit script is doing something. Try it yourself, and tell me what happens.
Also this explains a lot of the design decisions behind vi.
So, when you exit openbox it automatically closes X too is what you're saying?
Doesn't sound like an issue with X. Check openbox to see if it has some kind of shutdown script that's closing X.
I actually do this already. According to the link below, the only difference between "openbox" and "openbox-session" is that openbox-session runs startup scripts for openbox, which you can use like ~/xinitrc if you're launching X via some method that doesn't use ~/.xinitrc (like a DM, which, if I'm right, simply use their own xinit scripts in its place). Adding "exec openbox session" essentially makes the openbox startup script part of the xinit script, but this doesn't solve the problem that X quits when the xinit script finishes running unless there's something in the openbox startup script that never finishes running.
It's not a problem with openbox because "sleep" does it too. I don't think sleep is shutting down my X session. It's not even really a "problem", exactly, except in that it produces a situation where you can't change absolutely everything that's running within an X session without restarting it. Why should X run when it has nothing to do, after all? An X session with absolutely nothing in it is a pretty useless thing.
>tail -f /dev/null
That'd certainly do it, although it seems that there is a bug related to using tail -f on device files that I don't understand at first glance. "while true; do sleep 1000000000d; done" would also work, I guess. I don't know enough about "sleep" to know if there is any disadvantage to doing this.
Ok, I am have a problem with my openELEC media center. I have to execute a series of commands which I have to execute to get screen mirroring to my monitor to be recognized and to set the correct resolution.
xrandr --newmode "1080p" 173.00 1920 2048 2248 2576 1080 1083 1088 1120 -hsync +vsync
xrandr --addmode VGA-0 1080p
xrandr --output VGA-0 --mode 1080p
How would I automate this to be done at boot time?
Ok I'm trying to run i3lock on hibernation. So what I did is make a file in /etc/pm/sleep.d/ called 'lock'. It contains the following:
case "$1" in
/usr/bin/i3lock -c 000000 &
*) exit $NA
But nothing happens.
Running kde on arch and it won't connect to any wi-fi network. Help?
How to best experience Window Maker without Arch or Gentoo? I want to get comfy on an X41.
Has any of you used WMLive? Seems good, the guy who made it even states he used a T61 for developement.
Eclipse is nice but quite bulky too. If you are going to need it's functions it's quite nice, but most people could probably do just as well with a good text editor (Emacs or Vim) and compile in terminal.
Is it a one line Bash command to compile it in the terminal? If so, what is it?
I may grab an IDE like Eclipse or CodeBlocks for quickly testing code but as for learning how to write and compile it more manually, I guess using Vim and GCC is viable.
Once I decided that it would be handy to always have have an USB stick with GNU+Linux(TM) on it with me. So I literally installed Ubuntu (inb4: >Ubuntu) to a 16 GB USB drive and it worked fine except one little unfortunate issue: on every boot fsck checked root partition and found few orphaned files, until the whole thing got finally unbootable. Obviously the system powered off itself before the partition was synced every time (I personally blame systemd, it is well known for SIGKILLing processes on shitdown for sake of saving few seconds). Does anybody know how to fix this? Or, more generally, how do I make a proper installation on a removable media? Please no bullshit like so called `Live USB' Linux which is completely unsuitable for prolonged use.
Which distro is best for school laptop, skill is not a limiting factor.
Do i just go with fedora or debian?
Has anyone successfully gotten VFIO / Vt-d running on Debian?
I'm following the Debian guide at https://wiki.debian.org/VGAPassthrough
I'm stuck at the drivers association step, where I'm supposed to tee the make and model of the device to /sys/bus/pci/drivers/vfio-pci/new_id.
Debian complains that the vfio-pci path can't be found.
I have already verified that I have the vfio and vfio_pci modules.
Depends on what you are looking for of course. If you want to build your system from scratch go Arch or even Gentoo. On the other extreme, if you want everything in a GUI and have maximal support, go Ubuntu. If you want something in between run Fedora or Debian, Debian being more stable and Fedora being more bleeding edge.
I'm just going to assume you're using network manager.
Right click on the network icon, select your wifi network, go to "wifi-security", enter whatever passphrase your using and try again.
I noticed that in plenty of applications I'm using (such as puddletag or qbittorent) the popup windows like pic related are completely unmovable and often appear blank without letting me do anything other than force quit the application. Any idea how to fix it or what's causing it? Sorry if it's really stupid question.
I'm not totally sure, but I think there's supposed to be some kind of number infront of filename. i.e., "lock" should be "90lock", or something. afaik, the number has to do with order. It might be that whatever is running those scripts, ignores files with wrongly formatted names.
naming it "99lock" will make it run as the last thing before sleep i think.
Installing arch linux, being ready to partition hdds for home,root,swap and boot volume, having different hdds for different purposes (Downloads,programs,windows). Where should i link future linux partitions to correspond with windows?
root and swap imo. The latter depends on how much ram you use. If you have e.g., 8gb in your PC and all you use it for are browsing facebook, then you'll probably never going to be using your swap partition and you might as well drop it.
>Where should i link future linux partitions to correspond with windows?
What on earth does this mean? Explain what you want to do in more precise terms.
>which partitions will benefit more from speed of harddrive? swap root boot?
Root, but you should just put all of these into the ssd.
let me elaborate, a volume that stores installed programs is mapped as root in a linux distro, correct me if i am wrong. So with the same principal what should be the assignments for home, swap and boot.>>52398652
replies was helpful enough
You need pm-utils for those scripts to work. Don't use it, unless you know why you need it. It's mostly useless bloat nowadays when systemd can handle suspend/hibernate. Instead, use systemd service files: https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Power_management#Suspend.2Fresume_service_files
For example, my suspend service file looks like this[Unit]
Description=User suspend actions
ExecStart=/usr/bin/i3lock -c 000000
im trying to use Dolphin on XFCE because thunar is shit, but for some reason it wont set default applications, causing all my images to be opened in firefox instead of ristretto. setting it on the open as/other menu doesnt do shit and neither does setting it in kcmshell4 filetypes. anyone know how to fix this?
followed the example here:
it's now called 99lock.sh and contains the following:
case $1$2 in
i3lock -c 000000
Yeah, but the file has to be namedsuspend@USERNAME.servicewhere you replace USERNAME with your username. The wiki is a bit misleading about that. Never got around to editing it.
Ignore this, you don't need the USERNAME part in the filename after all. You just need it when enabling/starting the service.
>>52399072sudo systemctl enable suspend@USERNAME.service
sudo systemctl start suspend@USERNAME.service
When I ps, I only see the programs I started from the open terminal, but there are other instances of programs running behind. How do I get their process id's and kill them or do whatever?
This guy is talking about Manjaro Linux 15.12 XFCE. What dock is that? Can you move the start menu into this dock and remove the task bar altogether?
I try not to tell people to RTFM in this thread, but you should probably have a look through the ps man page.
The short answer is "ps -e". -e shows you all processes. -A does the same thing. -f gives you more information ("full format"), so "ps -ef" is the most complete process list.
You can use -C to "select by command name". If you want to kill Thunar, for example, "ps -C thunar" will show you all Thunar processes. You can also use -fC to get STIME, which is the time that the process was started. STIME is sometimes useful for distinguishing otherwise similar processes from one another.
I need some help with vim here.
I messed up somewhere somehow and now my .vimrc wont get sourced.
It just wont load it.
Cleared everything out and just wrote this in it:filetype plugin on
filetype indent on
but it does not work.
Some help please? want to install some plugins but all the bundlemanagers wont work
I have just installed Debian. Whenever I try to install packages, it gives me an error saying invalid permissions. My account is administrator. Also, my sources list is fucked up because the bottom lines are commented out because they could not be completed for some reason. I cannot install a text editor to fix the file as the permissions are not letting me.
>Can you move the start menu into this dock and remove the task bar altogether?
Is the applications menu the only thing keeping you from removing your panel ?
If so, you should know that xfce has other ways to access that menu, either by right clicking on your desktop or pressing Alt+F1 by default.
Also, it could be any dock. cairo-dock, docky, and plank can all look like that. You may even be able to configure an xfce panel to look like that.
I'm not familiar enough with Debian to know for sure what it means for a user to be an "administrator", but I suspect that it just means you're in the sudoers file. That it, your user has permission do do things with root privileges using the "sudo" command. There are two ways to do things with root privileges. Using sudo you can, if you're in the sudoers file, execute things with root privileges after entering your own password (or not, as specified by the sudoers file). The other way is to log in as root using the root password.
Can I manually update the kernel version of my installed distro? I love Linux Mint and I may use it as well on my main pc, which I use for playing games when at home and I would like not being stuck in Mint's outdated kernel. I've heard OpenSUSE has its kernel up-to-date. Also, AMD drivers are certified to work with it, what do you think? Thanks in advance
I have a weird desire to choose which desktop environment I want to run on a given day when starting the computer.
But I have no idea how to do it, if I use runlevel 3 I can't start an X session as far as I know. And when I use init 5 it just sends me back to whatever I was using. Which configuration should I modify to change this? Or is there a way to just login to command line and do for example gnome-session or some other DE?
My problem is I think I don't know how to login to CLI that can start an x session.
Without knowing anything about Mint, I'm going to say that it's possible but it's not supported. I don't actually think that it would be that hard, but there won't be any documentation to help you with any problems that you might run into and the distro maintainers won't be sympathetic to your cause.
It's a better idea to use something that works the way you want it to under the hood and customize the UI to your liking than to do it the other way around. Whatever it is that you like about Mint, you could probably achieve the same thing yourself in a more cutting edge distro in a way that is supported.
>So you mean kernel updates are mostly compatibility issue solving?
Yeah? Most kernel updates are either security updates or hardware driver updates.
Even IF you would get any performance difference, it would be like 0,5% difference and only in a specific workload.
Basically it's not worth the effort.
Not even mentioning that if you switched to something that's not *buntu or buntu based you'd have to install your GPU drivers manually.
Also kernel and xorg version updates on a rolling release distro like opensuse would break your proprietary drivers a LOT.
Just stick with mint, it's based on the lts release of ubuntu. The most hassle-free experience you'll ever get from linux
You could use a display manager. Most if not all display managers let you pick which or your installed DEs to use when you log in. If you want to do it from the command line, then you could write multiple xinit scripts and specify which one you want to use when you run startx. Some DEs have commands that you can run to start them, and others don't.
I (>>52400607) use SLiM on my laptop, which runs Gentoo and does not use consolekit, polkit, systemd, or any or that nonsense. Works fine.
I don't know whether or not it'll work with systemd. I also don't know how to select a session. I do know that it supports some commands in the username feild, so maybe you can do it that way. It's probably not the best choice for frequent session switching, though.
I like it because it was easy to write this ultra-minimalist theme for it.
I couldn't get it to put window buttons on the launchers, but there is probably a plugin that'll do that for you. This is a completely new, clean xfce install with no extra plugins aside from what you get when youapt install xfce4
I have recently bought the Alfa AWUS036NHV wireless card and now want to install the correct driver. On _a href=_https_wireless.wiki.kernel.org_en_users_drivers_rtl819x#firmware_this_a_ website i have found the right driver rtk8188eu and was redirected to _a href=_https_marc.info_l=linux-wireless&m=144486995128902_this_a_ git repo. I know how this works on github where you end up getting a zip file. This seems do be a bit different here. I would appreciate help, explaining how to compile this code. Thx in advance
Formatted my drives last week and decided to pick up linux. Using ubuntu 15.10 as a learning platform. So far everything is going well and things are fairly intuitive except for this god awful screen tearing I get when scrolling through web pages in firefox, or watching media with any amount of camera movement. Any tips on how I could solve this? I've done some searching and the only results recommended installing compton compositor but the issue remains.
Using a 770 if it matters
First off, systemd is not a Windows tier garbage, it has an init system as part of the systemd suite. systemd is a project to build a standardised lowlevel userland for Linux. The project is pretty comprehensive and it delivers a lot of functionality under one umbrella. It does away with a lot of older, often undermaintained software packages, which were traditionally used to assemble a low level userland.
Which is where the contention comes from, as a system suite systemd is restrictive for Unix virtuosi who are used to tailor a system with wit, ingenuity, a lick and a prayer and a couple dozen of unrelated packages. systemd makes such knowledge useless.
The faction that thinks that systemd is Linux's Hiroshima, finds all the added functionality bloat, unnecessary and dangerous, as it is all under development in one project.
All the systemd jokes stem from the comprehensiveness as a low level system suite. People against it love to joke that one day systemd will write its own kernel.
There is a lot of FUD and hate going around. Some arguments do have merit, a lot of eggs in one basket is certainly true, but as with all things in life, it depends which tradeoff you prefer. Do you want a suite of well designed software, working closely together, so that system management is streamlined or do you want the complete freedom to tailor your own low level system with a lot of time tested, interchangeable components.
I have no desire to be a low level system designer, so I prefer systemd. I don't hate traditional init systems though. If a Linux system has one and I need to work with it, I'm still happy it boots and starts the necessary services.
Have you never used Windows 10? You can dock a running program into the task bar which creates a starter and also indicates when it's running.
All I could do on XFCE was creating a starter which starts the application next to it with another icon.
Try disabling the compositor altogether. Screen tearing is usually the compositor. Compton isn't as bad as the others. If the problem stops when it's disabled, you might have to tweak its configuration a little. Otherwise, I don't know how to help you.
I appreciate the advice, as I'm rather knew to Linux environment, how would I go about disabling compton, and is there a way I could narrow down the issue to be able to tweak around it?
Also does ubuntu 15.10 ship with a compositor pre installed/packaged? I wasn't able to find the answer via other sources and wanted to disable it if there was a pre-existing one.
>He thinks this is specific to Windows 10
Have you never used Windows 7, 8, or 8.1 ?
xfce supports plugins for its panel, meaning you aren't limited to what it can do out of the box. If you had bothered to read my post, you would be taking a trip to google to help yourself find the plugin you're looking for.
>but there is probably a plugin that'll do that for you
This functionality is so basic and has been around for so many years that someone has most likely made a plugin for xfce for it.
But I'm not going to go and find it for you, you can do that yourself.
A lot of truth in this post right there.
Imo the only criticism of system I've seen that's VALID is that systemd being a feature creep and incorporating a lot of functionality from other software "swallowing" it as a result increases it's complexity and therefore makes it the possibility of a critical vulnerability a lot bigger.
Besides the security point of view, most arguments against it go like this
>systemd is developed by lenny poettering
>lenny hitlering is an asshole
>therefore systemd is bad
People against it fail to realize that projects like systemd, pulseaudio and wayland (which i'm fairly sure all have or will have a dependency on systemd) make a huge chunk of fragmentation of linux ecosystem vanish. Hell, it might be catalyst linux need to succeed in the desktop market.
You didn't seem to understand what I meant so I've explained it in the most basic way.
>there's maybe a plugin or something... google it LEL
Thanks for nothing, but it doesn't matter because I'm just playing around in a VM and never consider replacing Windows with Linux.
>Also does ubuntu 15.10 ship with a compositor pre installed/packaged?
According to Wikipedia, Unity is a Compiz plugin (lol wat), so Compiz would be the default compositor, probably. Compiz is highly configurable, but I always got worse screen tearing with it than I do with Compton. According to the post below, you can't disable compositing in the default version of Unity. You have to install a different version called unity-2d. The answer says to reboot after installing it, but you probably actually only need to log out or at most restart your display manager.
If you don't get screen tearing with Unity-2d, consider using XFCE instead of Unity. Its window manager has a compositor that can be easily disabled, and you can chose to use a standalone compositor like Compton or go without one.
No, I understood perfectly. So I explained to you that xfce supports plugins and that this functionality is so fucking basic that someone has most likely made a plugin for it, so you can go and spend your own time finding it.
I'm here to help you help yourself, not to spoonfeed you like a fucking baby.
By the way that was really hard to find oh wow a whole minute on google, who would have thought
I'm using i3 atm but I really appreciate the help with this. I'll have to read up more on this. I plan on switching to a non stater distro in a month or two when I feel more comfortable so the more I know the better of I think I should be.
Any suggestions for a nice stepping stone after ubuntu 15.10? I mostly just use my pc for media playback/general browsing/basic webdev
>First off, systemd is not a Windows tier garbage, it has an init system as part of the systemd suite
These two statements don't have anything to do with each other.
>systemd is a project to build a standardised lowlevel userland for Linux.
That doesn't mean that it does so remotely well, or that doing that is necessary or a good idea. It doesn't and it's not.
The project is pretty comprehensive and it delivers a lot of functionality under one umbrella.
It doesn't actually do anything that other stuff didn't already do. Doing it "under one umbrella" is a big part of what's wrong with it.
>It does away with a lot of older, often undermaintained software packages, which were traditionally used to assemble a low level userland.
Only if by "does away with" you mean replaces for absolutely no reason
>Which is where the contention comes from, as a system suite systemd is restrictive for Unix virtuosi who are used to tailor a system with wit, ingenuity, a lick and a prayer and a couple dozen of unrelated packages. systemd makes such knowledge useless.
Such knowledge is still useful for building systems that don't totally suck balls thanks to systemd's utter and complete incompetence.
>All the systemd jokes stem from the comprehensiveness as a low level system suite. People against it love to joke that one day systemd will write its own kernel.
systemd is roughly as funny as eye cancer
>There is a lot of FUD and hate going around.
Lots of times when everybody hates something it's because that thing is actually terrible.
>Some arguments do have merit, a lot of eggs in one basket is certainly true
eggs in one basket is one of a few anti-systemd arguments that's actually misguided
>Do you want a suite of well designed software, working closely together
Already have that.
>so that system management is streamlined
systemd makes simple sysadmin tasks complicated for absolutely no reason
>do you want the complete freedom to tailor your own low level system with a lot of time tested, interchangeable components.
Nobody has had to do this in twenty years who didn't want to.
>I have no desire to be a low level system designer, so I prefer systemd.
The idea that you had to be a low level system designer to use Debian before 2012 is completely retarded, like most systemd arguments and like the very concept of systemd itself.
yeah point releases are kinda bad when upgrading sometimes. maybe try a rolling or semi rolling distro. some options are:
trisquels community is extremely helpful if you don't want help on installing non-free software.
>trisquels community is extremely helpful if you don't want help on installing non-free software.
that's the problem, i want to install it on virtualbox and trisquel refuses to help me
I have arch freshly installed and a problem
I have no splash screen only a black picture. After 5 seconds, the login screen appears. Is there a way to fix this?
Pic related shows what I'm looking for.
ubuntu is based off of debian, as is mint, as a result mint will be cross-compatible with almost all ubuntu derivatives
it's literally comparing apples to slightly different colour apples
What distro should I use if I want to get the most battery life out of a laptop? I only will use it for web-browsing and chinese cartoons. Any advice for getting the most battery apart from using lightweight programs?