Intended for users of all levels, including absolute beginners.
There are three ways to try Linux, you can:
1) Install a Linux OS on a VM (Virtual Machine/VirtualBox) for "safety purposes"
2) Use the Live ISO directly without installing anything, that way, you can get a "full Linux experience".
3) Go balls deep and overwrite everything with Linux (not recommended)
If you are serious about switching to Linux and if you have Windows dual-booted (recommended for pure newbies), we recommend you use it exclusively for 2 weeks, and avoid Windows dual booting for that period of time, or it's likely you will start retreating back to windows instead of getting used to Linux as your new home and working on making it feel the way you want it.
Before asking, please find the answers to your questions in resources.
Please be civil, notice the "Friendly" in every Friendly Linux Thread.
Understand that much of your software from Windows will be unavailable, although maybe wine can make up for it.
Resources: man <insert command here>
your friendly neighborhood search engine
>MFW even indians think they are up for Arch
What is Linux (or GNU/Linux for Stallmanists)?
Babby's First Linux (What distro to choose?)
What software does /g/ recommend? (Please DON'T include the so called infographic [it's reddit-tier] -- refer all your recommended software here.)
Ricing on Linux (Make it good and functional or make it worse/puke-inducing like those at desktop threads)
A script designed to ease the transition from Windows to Debian
Check out this page for any updates on the OP
IRC No one uses:
reminder that arch users are pathetic and spend all of their time configuring their operating system and getting no actual work done.
> gentoo linux
> When I try to play music get a sustained beeping tone
> Sound card using a driver
> Correct driver
> Open alsamixer
> Says card and chip are pulseaudio
> Do alsamixer -c 0
> loads alsamixer with my sound card
> uninstall pulse
> Still does this
Anyone know anything? I've got no etc/asound.conf.
get openbox or a dwm fork anon, embrace the rice
reminder: you dont have to be a weeaboo/lolicon to have a nicely managed/custom desktop. at least tell me you have a nice icon set / non-default true type font
What's the best distro if I hate updating my system?
I want to update it as little as possible and when it does update it I don't want to run into problems.
I enjoy how barebones Arch is but I hate updating it.
I'm trying out transmission-cli as a torrent client. I got a torrent added and downloading, but is there any way to monitor it in a terminal window? I know how to look at progress reports with transmission-remote -i, but there has to be a way to just continuously view it.
I don't know if this is the right thread to post this but I'm trying to install Ubuntu Server on an old Toshiba Satellite M45-S265 and won't boot from USB nor CD.
I remember that back in the day I could boot from USB using a boot manager included on Hiren's Boot CD but recently I haven't been able to boot from neither CD or USB.
Can I remove the HDD and use an external enclousure to install using another system? Any other ideas?
The compositor is the program that actually does the special things listed.
At its simplest, a compositor can be useful to get rid of flickering and screen tearing. But otherwise, it's mostly non-essential eyecandy.
If you're using a lightweight DE or just a WM and are experiencing screen tearing, Compton might be for you. Otherwise, your DE probably already has a compositor, or you just don't need/want a compositor.
Hey, apologies for the condescension. I was testing the sound by trying to play youtube videos. Turns out it's an issue with HTML5, not ALSA. ALSA was fine the entire time. I'm just retarded.
I had posted last night that I was having an issue with Ubuntu Wily and gdm (it would boot into a black screen). I had said that I had to use a tty to change back to lightDM to fix it. I was going to just do a full reinstall even though it was working fine but apparently gdm and Wily do not get along and this is a known issue.
They'll conflict sometimes, it's a waste of disk space unless you're actually autistic enough to be hopping between them all the time, waste of time spent installing them, waste of resources.
Find a Desktop Environment that you like and stick with it. I suggest LXDE or MATE.
I'm not quite sure what all the terminology here means (I'm retarded), but it's fully installed on my thinkPad and seems to be working with lightDM. I haven't noticed any problems since switching back - it's just if I change it back to gdm I boot to a hanging fsck and have to tty and dpkg-gdm configure or whatever
>obsessed with security
>home computer on which you spend most of your time fapping and shitposting
Gotta keep that porn safe!
this shit is made for servers, but don't tell anyone
-Trying to change out the WAD on Chocolate Doom.
-On Windows, I would have just replaced the file with the new file.
-On Linux, the WAD file is apparently located in usr/share/games, unless I have something wrong.
-Apparently you're not supposed to modify anything in usr/share
it will probably load wads from multiple places, one in /usr is often there as a system-wide option for package to use (say you install a doom wad as a package, youd want it in /usr), plus a user-specific location, like ~/.config/
i use zdoom, and it does this
add it to the chocolate doom config file if it's not already
> implying they're not compatible
> implying I'm not running both
It's the principal of the thing. You should always take steps to keep people from spying on you, regardless of what you've got on there.
(I'm not that anon)
How much of a placebo are all these hardenings and SELinuxes are? Not in terms of them being useless, but just having no use?
I'm not being attacked 24/7, I'm careful about what's happening on my computer, but I am security and privacy conscious. Should I go through all the asspain of all these security measures for (as I see it) next-to-zero benefit?
They'll defend against active attacks, as well as the mass government surveillance that is going on.
You're naive if you think nobody's trying to harvest information from you. Being security and privacy conscious is an excellent thing, and these addons are an extension of that goodness.
Grsecurity wasn't that hard to install in Gentoo (hardened sources) and theoretically shouldn't be that hard to install to any distro, so long as you know how to configure and compile a kernel. It's just applying a patch.
They say it better than me. Keep fighting the good fight, friend.
Selinux comes prepackaged in at least Fedora and its derivatives, and I assume other distributions. It's solid for what it does, but it doesn't cover all the bases. Grsecurity fixes what Selinux doesn't.
Sure, I'll try out grsec.
But since they've gone "only customers get stable patches", how do I acquire them for free? Do I just go with the most upvoted grsec kernel on AUR and call it a day? I don't really wanna do any manual compilation and stuff like that just yet. But I'll try if I have to.
> the only threat to computers
Hahaha. Linux users are obsessed with security because they're generally savvy enough to know what they're up against and how to counter it.
Fuckin' A, man. Even when you install it from sources you still have to configure and recompile, though.
make && make modules_install
Security Options -> Grsecurity
Enabling "harden module autoloading" means you have to manually set a module to load at boot as root if you want to use it as a user; this means whatever module is used to mount USB sticks and the like.
Enabling "runtime read-only" (paraphrase) makes your system write-protected.
Those are the only two I would absolutely say to not enable. Everything else read the help pages for (select option and press h)
I asked this last thread and didn't get much...
I've got a currently blank external 1TB drive (shitty Seagate, but USB 3.0), with it I want to the following:
1) Backup all my current files to it (the shit currently on the windows machine).
2) Encrypt the drive.
3) Install Mint onto it, configured somehow to be able to boot on pretty much any computer I want (I plan to carry the drive with me most of the time).
What I'm asking is the following:
1) Any tips?
2) Is there any order that I must do the above steps in?
NSA mass surveillance.
Corporate mass surveillance.
You know that botnet meme that gets thrown around here? That's not just a meme. Information harvesting is a very real, omnipresent threat. Whether you've done anything wrong or not, it's fucked up that they're spying on us 24/7.
Look at the scandal with Google sneaking microphone spyware into Chromium, their open-source browser. Corporations and Governments want our information and will find sneakier and sneakier ways to get it. Grsecurity, Selinux, browser addons, and common sense and wariness are all tools in the fight against constant infringement on our constitutional right to privacy.
>never ran a server and only have a vague notion of what it actually is
>want to set up a personal spotify so to speak on a media server using some old shitty home computer, i have a big music library that doesn't fit my laptop storage so just want to be able to access it remotely
..to be fair I mainly want to learn how to set it up and have it running but it's something I'll use too. How hard/easy is this?
A server is a computer.
It's fairly easy, not much harder than installing Linux (since it's the hardest part of the process). I googled for a bit, you can strap something together with Mopidy+Moped.
Arch Wiki is your friend, so is Google.
>A server is a computer.
Yeah I'm pretty much imagining a computer with fuckall on it except the ability to provide some pretty specific functionality, ie. no GUI whatsoever if it's not needed for example.
But cool, will definitely give it a go when time frees up then.
Now you use your computer.
I'd recommend chromium. Firefox should (but probably won't) be ready for use in 2016 or early 2017, but not now. Once they figure out all their e10s, extension issues and stuff like that, then I'd recommend them.
There are different versions of Linux kernel. For example, the recent stable one is 4.3.3.
But the tags in the source code don't have a v4.3.3. They have v4.3 and v4.3-rc1...v4.3-rc7.
Is there any way for me to somehow use git to checkout Linux source code that would be identical to the source code of the 4.3.3 archive from the kernel.org?
I moved my Windows 10 install to an SSD yesterday and today I'll install Arch through the Architect Installer on the remaining 1TB HDD. I saw some videos, but a couple of questions remain:
-Will Grub detect Windows 10 if it's on another drive?
-Will auto partition create a 1TB partition? I wanted to keep / in a 30 or 20GB partition and use the rest as an NTFS shared container. This isn't a huge deal because I can resize it later, but still.
I made a response to the guy who made the 'reminder' of linux problems, debunking almost each and every one of the 'problems' listed.
That said, reminder that my views are not those of a god and are fallible.
I've had issues getting two WINDOWS installs on different HDD's to boot - grub will detect windows 10, but in my windows 7 experience windows itself refused to boot properly without me first unplugging other hard disks.
Maybe things have changed or I was using BIOS instead of EFI or something, IDK. Theoretically, windows should work. IRL, I've had issues.
I happen to like my font rendering, asshole. It doesn't need fixing. I spent time trying to make it look like this.
Anyone has any idea why no powersave?
It's a ThinkPad X220
I'm asking this because when playing a video battery life estimates drop by 1 hour more or less and I'm suspecting it's not power efficient.
I'm not that anon, but the text in the "linux support.png" is absolute trash.
1) Horrendous font
2) Green text isn't actually green (are you fucking kidding me?)
3) No proper separation of topics
It's not really that bad, but you can't defend that piece of shit.
How can I set dopphin as my default file-picker for firefox?
So why is this happening? Debian jessie, urxvt, xmonad, infinality
>urxvt: unable to calculate font width for 'DejaVu Sans Mono
it does this for quite a few fonts and my m, w, @ and some others look that way as well. I think it's just urxvt.
Hi. Lurker here running dual boot Ubuntu 14.04 server on my headless Mac 1.1 through SSH and VNC.
I'm kind of a purist, and was wondering if I should bother copying the .config files (i.e. making .default versions) for things like SSH or nginx before I edit them so that I can refer to them or revert later on.
I also would like to know what you guys the best way to run multiple processes at once is. Currently I'm using xfce4 desktop :1 with a couple of terminal windows open. I'd like to have teamspeak, a teamspeak music bot, game servers, file host (already running with Samba), and nginx/php/sql (which will just run in the background anyway). Any ideas?
So I thought I was the shit after installing gentoo but am stumped and running into a strange problem. Gentoo is putting all the stuff that should be in /boot, into /. Kernel and grub etc... everything is in /
How the fuck do I fix this?
>I also would like to know what you guys the best way to run multiple processes at once is. Currently I'm using xfce4 desktop :1 with a couple of terminal windows open. I'd like to have teamspeak, a teamspeak music bot, game servers, file host (already running with Samba), and nginx/php/sql (which will just run in the background anyway). Any ideas?
Even if you don't desire for them to start during boot, you can always start them up manually from the command line.
If you were running ubuntu 15 it would be writing simple systemd units, but ubuntu 14.04 still suffers from upstart, so dunno.
>be used to doing ctrl+c, ctrl+v for copying/pasting everything
>switch to linux
>ctrl+c, ctrl+v works fine in every graphical applications but not in xterm/rxvt
>get used to ctrl+insert, shift+insert for copy paste
>use it everywhere because it works xorg-wide
>use windows machine
>ctrl+insert, shift+insert works too because it was IBM's idea.
>everyone looks at me like i'm retarded
So flt, how did autismux change your computing habits?
Why are you comparing Cntrl+v issue when you didn't test in cmd? Don't you think you are being biased?
Anyone know a way to move or rename image files based on exif data? I've tagged everything with digikam, but that does fuck all for reorganizing things into folders.
Bonus points if anyone knows a way to move files based on exif data. I guess in theory I could just do a search for the tags and have it output to a txt file then copy that text over to the terminal and tell it to move that list of files into the desired folders.
Why would I test anything in cmd if I don't use windows on a daily basis?
I'm talking about the fact that because of linux I got used to ctrl/shift+insert instead of regular ctrl+c/v and I do it anywhere.
Are you retarded?
Find and download the package and all of its dependencies from:
(if you're on a specific package's page, you have to scroll to the bottom to get the .debs)
You are the one who are being retarded here to be honest. All he wants to know, (since your issue is not being able to paste using Cntrl+V in a terminal), if it is the same with windows or not. You are not being fair
You can use exiftool or mediainfo to get these informations and use mv or prename. Never used a GUi for this, but I'm sure there's also a GUi solution out there. Google may help. Good luck.
He's not being retarded, copy/paste in cmd is dogshite
Even to copy something you pretty much have to right click, or force the rightclick menu to appear with alt+space
Like becoming a third party software repository based OS to accomodate peoples' fear in using terminal
No, even microsoft is shilling their app-store onto their desktop users these days, for security reasons. They learned this from android and mac and there is nothing wrong about it
I am indicating the tighter integration of windows app store
I think soon enough Microsoft will push the companies to publish their softwares in app store because it
-will prevent software pirates to some extent
-devs won't have to think about building installation frameworks
-more chance of injecting spyware features etc
I don't think it will work in their favour tho.
Microsoft won the PC battle because they didn't make a walled garden of it, unlike apple.
But who knows, in the last decade currysoft has been flipping their own shit upside down.
A correct answer you arrive at by guessing rather than actually proving to be true is no less correct.
The original statement was:
>I have no idea, on those rare occassions i need to open the cmd i just do it with right click.
>window's cmd is pants on head retarded
Which is pretty much the quickest way to paste in cmd, unless you have autohotkey doing some shit for you.
>Too hard to press literally one more key
It's not a 4-key simultaneous shortcut btw.
alt+space opens the same menu you get from right clicking the top window bar.
'e' then opens the "Edit" submenu, and whatever key next corresponds to that command e.g. mark, copy, paste
It's really not a shortcut.
>not being a console fanboy
To be honest. Get mudpf best from both worlds. No fancy gui while still in gui mode, vim keybinds, epub support. What does one need more.
I use mupdf for the the most part, but some files are difficult to read on both my laptop and my netbook. Given the choice between contantly scrolling left/right or squinting like a mad cunt after setting the zoom level, and rendering to plain text, I'll take the plain text, thank you.
The fuck you doing with shitty debian?
If you are first timer you want Mint or Xubuntu.
Other than botnets and muh privacy, what are the advantages of linux over windows and OS?
How is this possible that there are a billion posts asking this question in every single /flt/ thread?
Can somebody please make a nice and sweet infographic that would teach people fast about the advantages of Linux and why should they run it?
learning, improving general IT capabilities tenfolds
customization with fun of tinkering with stuff
ability to spend hours on /g/ arguing about linux
much better performance out of the old stuff than windows would ever offer
stability and reliability without being bothered to update to win10
better environment for developers
It's bait. He waits for people to answer his question, and he'll try to argue that you can do exactly the same on windows/os x but you can also play games/use Photoshop at the same time. Just wait and see
These have already fallen for it like everyday. I hate this place sometimes
No gaymes at all? Dang.
I like that. Windows is a pain in the ass to rice out, and even then you can only do so much. I never even bothered trying to rice my macbook since it's probably not even possible (and it's essentially a doorstop these days anyway).
If true that's neat to be honest senpai.
I just started surfing /g/ and I always see linux threads so i figured i'd ask. An infographic would be appreciated for sure.
That sounds cool but mostly inapplicable to me.
I would like to argue about more things on the internet though, so maybe i'll try it sometime.
No b8, m8, i'm just a linux noob and figured i'd ask the smartest guys in the room what's what.
But at the same time, half of that billion of these posts end up with the poster responding "huh, cool, i don't really care but i might check it out some day" or something similar and non-bait-ish.
We need that infographic, people. Get on it.
I use GNU Unifont in terminals and Tahoma (copied from Windoze) for most UI elements.
Why do people still use infinality? Last I checked the patch set was out of date (not compatible with the latest freetype), and subpixel rendering had been implemented in the core program. It causes nothing but problems.
(not that I use subpixel rendering, though)
I'm arch user and make kernel upgrade to version 4.3.3-2.
After reboot kernel modules failed to load and nothing works, Uname -a shows kernel 4.2.5-1.
I had to downgrade back to 4.2.5-1.
What the fuck is wrong with this?
>I spent time trying to make it look like this.
looks like just a one-liner with imagemagick
also, if you prefer not to use AA, at least use decent hinting/an actual bitmap font, there's nothing wrong with no AA, but the uneven curves are just ugly
use gpt if you have some specific need for it, for example, you have a UEFI bios, you're multibooting OSX, the drive is >2T, and/or you want/need to use over 4 (primary) partitions
you don't need U/EFI to use GPT, but GPT has the aforementioned benefits regards of BIOS type
come to think of it, you really should only use MBR if you have a need for that (namely, if you plan to use the disk with old systems/os's that don't support GPT, though even then it is possible to set it up such that you can access the first 4 GPT partitions as if it was an MBR disk)
I done downgraded with this instruction. System is working, but I had to remove virtualbox, what i need to.
>looking for conflicting packages...
>error: failed to prepare transaction (could not satisfy dependencies)
>:: nvidia: requires linux<4.3
I reinstalled all my packages and this didn'd help.
I using Arch from archlinux.org, no custom kernels.
So, i cant upgrade my kernel until nvidia drivers gets update?
>>:: nvidia: requires linux<4.3
actually, I'm checking this out on the Arch packages list, and this seems kind of weird...
Is the nvidia package you're using just called "nvidia"? Because it should work with 4.3.3.
Did you make sure to refresh the databases when you used Pacman to upgrade?
Thank for your help /g/uys!
Fuck Windows botnet!
~]$ uname -a
Linux archcomputer 4.2.5-1-ARCH #1 SMP PREEMPT Tue Oct 27 08:13:28 CET 2015 x86_64 GNU/Linux
~]$ pacman -Q |grep nvidia
>try using ctrl+c and ctrl+v in command prompt
>it doesn't work at all
>neither does selecting multiple lines of text in non-square shapes
>select and copy text in terminal using ctrl+shift+c
>paste with ctrl+shift+v
So basically I use ctrl+shift more.
DOS 1.0 stupidly used forward slashes for something else, so backslashes were what DOS used. Everyone else already had directories using /, but MS-DOS 1.0 didn't have directories at all.
>using ctrl+c and ctrl+v in command prompt
this works in Windows 10... join us...the bot-net is calling.
Just throwing this out there because it was hard to do.
I have an old iMac with 32-bit EFI and a 64-bit Core 2 Duo CPU. OS X stopped being updated for it around 4 or 5 years ago, now, so it's pretty useless as a Mac OS box.
I wanted to install 64 bit linux on it, since the CPU is 64-bit capable, but the fact that the Debian DVD and CD installers had both UEFI and BIOS boot capabilities made my mac freeze on a screen to select what you wanted to boot to. To fix this, I had to extract the ISO, remove the UEFI boot image, and re-master the ISO. To save other people with 64 bit crapples with 32-bit EFI (circa 2006/2007) from my pain, I present Mac-bootable CD's and DVD's of 64 bit Debian Jessie RC1. RC1 was a while ago, but a single apt-get update and apt-get dist-upgrade will fix that up.
Apple iSight firmware file (necessary for your webcam to work in Linux, I think they all use the same firmware but just in case this is from a late 2006 17" iMac):
Enjoy. Or don't if you aren't unfortunate enough to have any Apple products.
>you have a command line
Your video card drivers need updating or re-running. Run the installer or whatever you used originally to install your drivers and it'll all come back up next boot.
Rendered in firefox and screengrabb'd, actually.
Run the installer from here
If you can't get it on your computer, tell me what card you have and I will give you a direct link you can use with wget.
Please avoid using the term “google” as a verb, meaning to search for something on the internet. “Google” is just the name of one particular search engine among others. We suggest to use the term “search the web” or (in some contexts) just “search”. Try to use a search engine that respects your privacy; DuckDuckGo claims not to track its users, although we cannot confirm.
Like I told that nerd at >>52252101, it seems like his Arch databases haven't been (fully) synced.
Because he's getting
>>:: nvidia: requires linux<4.3
have "nvidia requires linux>=4.3".
Apparently I hacked pacman.
When I upgrade this >>52251665
Im trying to run a linux version of a game and i got this error which i dont know how to solve:
>./ygopro64: error while loading shared libraries: libevent_pthreads-2.0.so.5: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
I'm using Xfce; is there any potential harm in me deleting everything inside ~/.cache./sessions ? I'm doing this because I saved the session one time like a week ago but it still reverts back to that saved session on restard even if I don't have the box checked anymore.
And those are exactly the packages that should be expected to work with each other.
IMO, you should be able to install them and everything should hopefully work.
I have no idea why nvidia wasn't upgraded with the kernel beforehand.
If you still have problems, it's more likely than not nvidia's fault, not the kernel, so you shouldn't have to downgrade.
I had to remove nvidia driver before kernel downgrade because dependency.
After that I just installed newest possible from pacman cache.
Maybe I just must wait for another update or something.
No but seriously. I mean, task manager's an OPTION, I guess, but that's hardly ideal when a two-key stroke would kill almost any hanging program.
If you have a pause/break key on your keyboard still, I guess ctrl+break works, but it should be possible to use ctrl+c for it, or some other shortcut failing that.
I use linux about 98% of the time, the other 2% is windows 7 and XP.
set up an alias or shell script
for example:alias chocolate-doom1="chocolate-doom -iwad ~/iwads/path_to_doom1.wad"
if you had Doom 1 and 2 and wanted to load Doom 1