What is a safe way to discharge a large capacitor if you don't have a multimeter to check it and aren't sure if it's charged? I'm finally taking stuff apart for components so I can begin tinkering.
just solder some alligator clips to a 1 meg resistor, and leave that clipped on for 30 seconds.
I dislike just grounding or shorting them, as you can burn leads or stick leads that way. the 1 meg discharge is slow enough to not damage anything
Depends on the capacitor.
Sometimes you wouldn't put your hand so close because it would jump to you without thinking twice.
I have seen capacitors on transformer with isolated load and supply that build themselves kvs worth of charge in a few minutes. They must be left shorted when working.
Ideally you have a grounding rod made of suitable material and long enough for safe work with a flying earth lead and suitable impedance on a hook or probe at the top.
Directly holding is stupid is how accidents happen
To be blase about method can you know resistor is correctly insulated?
Perhaps if you have kv rated insulation breakdown testing equipment?